"Babylon The Great Has Fallen!"
God's Kingdom Rules!
"The Judgment upon the Great Harlot"
WHAT the apostle John wrote down in chapter sixteen of Revelation did not finish up for him the vision of how Babylon the Great is destroyed. There were further wonderful details revealed to him about her. As he was set to wondering at the particulars of the continuing prophetic vision, so are we today as we see taking place in these eventful days the very things foretold to take place in connection with executing divine judgment upon that world empire of Babylonish religion. It is as if God's angel were inviting us to come and see these wondrous things, just the same as John was invited to see a preview of them. John says:
"And one of the seven angels that had the seven bowls came and spoke with me, saying: 'Come, I will show you the judgment upon the great harlot who sits on many waters, with whom the kings of the earth committed fornication, whereas those who inhabit the earth were made drunk with the wine of her fornication.' " — Revelation 17:1, 2.
John was against unrepentant harlots, and he would appreciate seeing judgment executed upon the greatest harlot of them all. She was no ordinary harlot, for she has as her customers the "kings of the earth," including today's "kings of the entire inhabited earth," who are now being gathered by demon-inspired expressions to the battlefield of Har-Magedon. Hers is a long career of harlotry or fornication, spread out over
four thousand years, and it has been the shame of the "present wicked system of things." — Galatians 1:4.
She has loved to mix in the politics of this world and to influence the course of politics for her own
Babylon the Great rides the scarlet-colored wild beast
benefit, in fact, to dominate politics as if she were superior. To the political rulers or kings who will play with her, she gives religious satisfaction, to make them feel comfortable in their worldly course. She prays for Heaven's blessing upon their selfish, ambitious schemes; she blesses their conflicts for political or commercial or military supremacy; she makes them feel they have Heaven's approval and are doing the divine will, so that their future in the next world is assured. She holds impressive funeral services for them to make their "life in the next world" as comfortable as possible.
In fact, she carries on her prostitution with the political rulers of this world as a religious service, as a form of worship, to the god whom she worships, just like an ancient temple prostitute. This has, of course, affected all earth's inhabitants, who are the subjects of these political rulers or kings, and earth's inhabitants have been made drunk with the consequences of her selling herself to kings and rulers — "the wine of her fornication." (Revelation 14:8) She is no ordinary woman, for she "sits on many waters."
Who is this "great harlot" of such royal connections? John informs us as he tells us what the angel showed him: "And he carried me away in the power of the spirit into a wilderness. And I caught sight of a woman sitting upon a scarlet-colored wild beast that was full of blasphemous names and that had seven heads and ten horns. And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet, and was adorned with gold and precious stone and pearls and had in her hand a golden cup that was full of disgusting things and the unclean things of her fornication. And upon her forehead was written a name, a mystery: 'Babylon the Great, the mother of the harlots and of the disgusting things of the earth.' And I saw that the woman was drunk with the blood of the holy ones and with the blood of the witnesses of Jesus." — Revelation 17:3-6.
Ah! The mysterious harlot is Babylon the Great. She is not the ancient Babylon on the Euphrates River that fell from world power in 539 B.C. and that, after centuries of decline, went down in everlasting destruction, only dreary ruins today testifying to her aforetime existence and glory. But Babylon the Great was foreshadowed and symbolized by ancient Babylon and therefore took her name. Babylon the Great is pictured as being in a wilderness where wild beasts belong. True to the picture, she sits on a wild beast.
This beast that lets Babylon the Great ride it, what does it picture today? This scarlet-colored beast is not reported to have come up out of the sea of rebellious, revolutionary, radical humanity that is opposed to Jehovah God as Nimrod the hunter was. However, in general shape it is like the wild beast that John saw "ascending out of the sea." So it too has seven heads and ten horns and is "full of blasphemous names," to resemble the wild beast that had "upon its heads blasphemous names." Of course, its color is different — scarlet — for the wild beast out of the sea was spotted like a leopard but had feet like those of a bear and a mouth like a lion's. (Revelation 13: 1. 2) But it also has ten horns, although not with ten diadems on them as the horns of the first wild beast had. So, in general, it is like that first wild beast. In fact, it is an image of the wild beast that came out of the abyss of the sea.
According to Revelation 13:14,15, the two-horned wild beast that ascended out of the earth was the one that proposed the making of the "image of the wild beast." Now, here in Revelation 17:3, we are shown what the "image" looked like, that it copies the outline of the wild beast from the sea. The picture of the great harlot on the scarlet-colored wild beast, therefore, has its fulfillment from the year 1919 onward. How so? For the following reason:
In 1919, at the Peace Conference in France, the leading representatives of the two-horned world power of Britain and America argued for an international peace-keeping organization, the League of Nations, and won. On June 28, 1919, the Peace Conference signed the Peace Treaty, into which had been incorporated the covenant for a League of Nations. By October of that year the required number of governments had ratified the treaty with its covenant, and the treaty went into effect in France.
On January 10, 1920, the ratifications of the Treaty were formally exchanged at Paris, between the signatory powers. That afternoon the treaty with its League of Nations covenant went into effect. Six days later, M. Leon Bourgeois of France became first president of the Council of the League and Sir Eric Drummond of Britain was made its secretary. However, in 1919, religious organizations of Christendom had come out in favor of the League and worked for its adoption. King George V of Great Britain was in favor of the League of Nations, and he was supreme governor of the Church of England. Greece, of which the Eastern Orthodox Church is the established church, came into the League on March 30, 1920.
As regards the papal Vatican in Rome, its Pontifex Maximus had no official say at the Peace Conference. It did not take part in discussing the League, because of the London Treaty of 1915 between Italy, France, Great Britain and Russia, which was signed May 9, 1915. Because of the apparent connections of the papal Vatican with the Teutonic Allies during World War I, the pope of Rome was not "permitted to intervene by diplomatic action in regard to peace or questions arising from the war." (The Encyclopedia Americana, edition of 1929, Volume 17, pages 632, 633) So the Roman Catholic expressions of support of the League came later on.
As a member of the League from its start was that victorious Oriental signatory power of Japan, with its then Emperor worship.
It is thus seen that in 1919 modern Babylon the Great, the world empire of Babylonish religion, took steps to climb on the "image of the wild beast," then in the form of the League of Nations. To her it was a worthy animal to ride. To her it was of a scarlet color, which color in sacred Scripture is a symbol of royalty, a mark of luxury. (Matthew 27:28-31; 2 Samuel 1:24) She herself was "arrayed in purple and scarlet." In fact, in January of 1919 the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America called the then-proposed League of Nations "the political expression of the kingdom of God on earth." When the League went into effect on January 10, 1920, she really did seat herself on it, to ride with it wherever it went, pinning her hopes for world peace to it.
By thus riding the League of Nations beast, Babylon the Great was only committing a further act of fornication with the "kings of the earth." She joined with the politicians to "worship the image of the wild beast." She joined with them in making it "full of blasphemous names." The names that she and other worldlings called it, the worshipfulness that she and they imparted to it, the hopes and confidence that she and they stirred up the people to pin to it, belonged only to Jehovah God and his Messianic kingdom. Men's trust and expectations were turned from God. — Revelation 17:2.3.
In sacred Scripture ancient Babylon was symbolized as a woman. Correspondingly, Babylon the Great is also pictured as a woman, an international harlot. By means of her greedy priests and hierarchy and her false misleading religious doctrines, this world empire of Babylonish religion has acquired great wealth at the expense of the trusting, deceived people — gold, precious stones, pearls, purple and scarlet. Also, earth's
kings have paid her well for letting them have worldly pleasure with her and letting them use her religion to gain control, to keep control and to further their political and commercial schemes. So the cup from which she makes her religious adherents drink appears to be a golden cup fit for containing only the best of drinks. The exterior of the cup, however, is deceptive, for inside it is "full of disgusting things and the unclean things of her fornication." — Compare Matthew 23:25,26.
She has made her religious flocks engage in worldliness, which is filthiness in God's sight. Her fornication with the political rulers of this world has not been a blessing to the people but has made the people taste religious wars, economic backwardness, illiteracy, low morals, and opposition to God's Messianic kingdom.
The harlot's name was plainly written on her forehead for all to see, but her name involved a mystery or religious secret. That is to say, Who was the one thus named? Or, Whom did the harlot thus named symbolize? As fact and sacred Scripture show, she did not symbolize Pagan Rome of the apostle John's day. Her name makes it certain that she stands for an organization like ancient Babylon, dominated by false religion that stemmed from Nimrod the mighty hunter in opposition to Jehovah God. Further study of her and her associations proves she is the world empire of Babylonish religion.
She plays the harlot and thus commits religious fornication with the political element of this world, pictured by the "kings of the earth." Though being a harlot herself, she is a mother. Like their mother, all her daughters are harlots. We remember that, in the Bible, the inhabitants of a city are said to be its children. Just so, the member religious organizations of Babylon the Great are her children, her daughters born as a result of her fornication; and all these daughter systems are harlot organizations also. They
copy their mother organization and commit fornication with the "kings of the earth." Their history proves it.
Babylon the Great is also the mother of the abominations or the "disgusting things of the earth." What abominable and disgusting thing of the earth is she not the mother of, from God's viewpoint? By going after religious things other than the true God Jehovah, she has given illegitimate birth to idolatry, literal and figurative. (Romans 2:22; Matthew 24:15; 1 Kings 11:5, 7; 2 Kings 23:13) She has given birth also to spirit mediums, fortune-tellers, astrologers and human sacrifices. (2 Kings 23:24; Isaiah 66:3; Ezekiel 20: 7, 8, 30; Hosea 9:10) Along with all these false, demon-inspired religions have gone all kinds of obscene practices, loose conduct, even temple prostitution by which immorality is sanctified. Drunkenness, too, is indulged in, to the honor of a false god.
Babylon the Great is an old drunkard. More than on alcoholic drinks, she likes to get drunk on human blood, especially blood that has been shed in religious persecutions. Prior to the apostle John, she had become "drunk with the blood of the holy ones," and she was even responsible for shedding the blood of Jesus Christ, "the Holy One." (Acts 3:14, 15; 4:27,30; Mark 1:24; Luke 4:34) But since then and down to this day she has drunk her fill "with the blood of the witnesses of Jesus." She has done this in her fanatical effort to deaden the voices of these witnesses who are preaching Jehovah's Messianic kingdom. — Revelation 17:6; 6:9-11.
THE MYSTERY OF THE SCARLET WILD BEAST
Not only has Babylon the Great been a mystery ever since John saw her in the revelation to him, but the beast on which she rides has also been a mystery. John writes: "Well, on catching sight of her I wondered with great wonderment. And so the angel said
to me: 'Why is it you wondered? I will tell you the mystery of the woman and of the wild beast that is carrying her and that has the seven heads and the ten horns: The wild beast that you saw was, but is not, and yet is about to ascend out of the abyss, and it is to go off into destruction. And when they see how the wild beast was, but is not, and yet will be present, those who dwell on the earth will wonder admiringly, but their names have not been written upon the scroll of life from the founding of the world.' " — Revelation 17:6-8.
Because of its general features, this scarlet-colored wild beast is the "image of the wild beast" whose creation the apostle John told of in Revelation 13: 14,15 but whom he did not there describe. As it is an image and is for idolatrous worship, Babylon the Great favors it. She is pleased to ride it or be carried along by it. Idolaters justify the use of idols by saying that they are aids to the worship of the gods pictured by the idols, which idols they give only a "relative worship." By the wild beast's "image" they worship the international conspiracy against God's kingdom. The image is that international organization formed for preserving the political governments of this world, especially by means of settling their differences through peaceful arbitration.
During the period between World War I and World War II this scarlet-colored wild beast was the League of Nations, which had as many as sixty-two nations in it. The League of Nations was officially dissolved after World War II, on April 18, 1946; but the League really "was not" during all of World War II from 1939 to 1945. The imperialistic, Nazi-Fascist "Axis Powers" flouted the League of Nations. With what result? This: the League failed its chartered purpose and ceased to function with proper effect at the outbreak of World War II, when the Catholic Nazi
dictator Hitler touched off the explosion of World War II in September of 1939.*
There, in fact, the League went down into the abyss of raging, roaring humanity in the world's greatest war till then, and into a state of suspended animation. God's angel spoke to the apostle John as if the scarlet-colored beast was then in the abyss and was about to come out. In striking agreement with this is the fact that in 1942, at the middle of World War II, Jehovah's Christian witnesses saw that this international beast was then in the abyss and they pointed to Revelation 17:8 as foretelling that the beast would come out of it after World War II. — See pages 20-22 of Peace — Can It Last? published by the Watch Tower Society September 20, 1942.
The Seventh World Power, namely, the dual world power of Great Britain and America, had worked to bring the League of Nations into existence. Now this same dual world power worked to get this international peace-and-security organization out of the abyss of apparent death. Thus it was that in the United States of America, at San Francisco, California, fifty nations (not including Vatican City and the Axis Powers) signed the Charter of the United Nations on June 26, 1945. This Charter became part of international law on October 24, 1945, when the number of nations ratifying it became twenty-nine in number, including the Big Five. Then the United Nations became existent. The first meeting of its General Assembly took place in London, England (of the dual world power), on January 10, 1946; that of the Security Council seven days later.
Jehovah's Christian witnesses immediately recognized that the scarlet-colored wild beast had now
* The General Assembly of the League of Nations ceased to meet after December 14, 1939, when it expelled the Soviet Union from membership because of its attack on Finland, in undeclared war, on November 30, 1939. When the League's Assembly met again on April 8-18, 1946, it was to close out the League of Nations and to declare it nonexistent.
ascended out of the abyss. But they did not worship it any more than they had joined Babylon the Great and the worldly nations in idolizing the League of Nations, the "beast" in its original form. However, the people of this old world, "those who dwell on the earth," wondered admiringly at it.
The chartered purpose of the United Nations was "to maintain international peace and security." Hence people felt somewhat more assured that now the first symbolic wild beast, which had ascended out of the sea, would keep on existing. This new international organization would preserve peace and security for this wild beast out of the sea. People's continued admiration for the scarlet-colored "image of the wild beast" is seen in that till now, when we go to press with this book, the membership of the United Nations has steadily increased to 111 member nations.
Recently the Pontifex Maximus in Vatican City spoke with considerable definiteness concerning the symbolic seven-headed, ten-horned scarlet-colored wild beast upon which Babylon the Great rides. With much publicity worldwide, days in advance, the people were alerted to the issuance shortly of an important circular letter or encyclical to all Roman Catholic bishops by Pope John XXIII, his eighth encyclical. An Associated Press dispatch, with the date line "ROME, April 5," published by the New York Times as of April 6, 1963, page 2, under the heading "U.N. Police Role Supported," said:
Monsignor Pisoni, writing in the Corriere della Sera of Milan said that international law "has been made even more complicated in our times by the presence of international organs such as the United Nations, called upon to undertake with autonomous military forces the duty of 'international police.' " He said that the encyclical would deal with "the duty of all peoples to accept the autonomous force of the United Nations as an international police" as well as with the Cold War and "internal and civil war supported from abroad."
On April 7 Christendom celebrated her Palm Sunday, to commemorate Christ's triumphal ride into Jerusalem (Zion) to offer himself to her as her Messianic King. During the following Holy Week Pope John XXIII signed his encyclical entitled "Pacem in Terris" ("Peace on Earth"), while the scene was
Pope John XXIII signing encyclical "Pacem in Terris" as of April 11,1963, at Vatican City
recorded for television, to be transmitted by the Italian network in a special program and to be made available to television stations all over the earth. The final paragraph dated the delivery of the encyclical with the words: "Given at Rome at St. Peter's on Holy Thursday, the eleventh day of April, in the year 1963, the fifth of our Pontificate. JOHN XXIII."* The encyclical was addressed not only to the Roman Catholic "clergy and faithful of the whole world" but also "to all men of goodwill." Part IV thereof spoke of the "public authority of the world community," not meaning, of course, the United Nations, for Vatican City is not a member of the UN. It went on to say:
. . . This means that the public authority of the world community must tackle and solve problems of an economic, social, political and cultural character which are posed by the universal common good. For, because of the vastness, complexity and urgency of those problems, the public authorities of the individual states are not in a position to tackle them with any hope of a positive solution.
The public authority of the world community is not intended to limit the sphere of action of the public authority of the individual political community, much less to take its place. On the contrary, . . .
As is known, the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.) was established on June 26, 1945, and to it there were subsequently added intergovernmental agencies with extensive international tasks in the economic, social, cultural, educational and health fields. The United Nations Organization had as its essential purpose the maintenance and consolidation of peace between peoples, fostering between them friendly relations, based on the principles of equality, mutual respect, and varied forms of cooperation in every sector of human society.
* Let no reader make the mistake of thinking that Pope John XXIII reckons that he is the twenty-third in the Pontificate bearing the name John by counting from the apostle John. The apostle was never a pope, but, while he was on the prison isle of Patmos receiving the apocalypse or revelation, a bishop named Clement was supposed to be pope at Rome, A.D. 88-97, he being succeeded by Evaristus as pope, A.D. 97-105. No, but Pope John XXIII counts his number from John 1, Martyr, pope A.D. 523-526. — See the 1963 National Catholic Almanac, pages 162, 163, under the heading "The Roman Pontiffs."
An act of the highest importance performed by the United Nations Organization was the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, approved in the General Assembly of December 10, 1948. In the preamble of that declaration, the recognition and respect of those rights and respective liberties is proclaimed as an ideal to be pursued by all peoples and all countries.
Some objections and reservations were raised regarding certain points in the declaration. . . .
It is our earnest wish that the United Nations Organization — in its structure and in its means — may become ever more equal to the magnitude and nobility of its tasks, and that the day may come when every human being will find therein an effective safeguard for the rights which derive directly from his dignity as a person, and which are therefore universal, inviolable, and inalienable rights. This is all the more to be hoped for since all human beings, as they take an ever more active part in the public life of their own political communities, are showing an increasing interest in the affairs of all peoples, and are becoming more consciously aware that they are living members of a world community.
Pope John XXIII then tied in God's kingdom with all the foregoing by saying in the sixth last paragraph of the encyclical:
... In order that human society may reflect as faithfully as possible the kingdom of God, help from on high is necessary.*
However, does the United Nations in any way reflect the Kingdom or will it in any way promote the Kingdom? Does the Pontifex Maximus' admiration for the United Nations or the international admiration for this "image of the wild beast" make sure that
* Under a bold-type heading that read "Kennedy Hails Encyclical as a Guide to All," the New York Sunday News as of April 21, 1963, published a dispatch datelined "Boston, April 20," and that said: "President Kennedy today hailed Pope John's encyclical on peace as a 'penetrating analysis' of current problems which demonstrated how 'one great faith and its traditions' could offer sound counsel to all men and women of good will. . . . 'As a Catholic,' he said, 'I am proud of it, and as an American I have learned from it.' "
For the first time in history the Department of State of the American Government at Washington, D.C., commented on an encyclical of a pope of the Vatican.
the "public authority of the individual political community" will survive the "war of the great day of God the Almighty"? No! According to what the apostle John wrote, it does not make sure that the people who idolatrously admire and religiously pray for the United Nations will gain life in Jehovah God's new order of things, which will follow that universal war. God does not write the names of those idolaters in his "scroll of life." In this scroll, figuratively speaking, he has been writing the names of those worthy of life "from the founding of the world," that is, from when he founded the human race, the world of mankind. According to God's written Word, Abel the martyred son of Adam and Eve appears to be the first one "written upon the scroll of life." (Hebrews 11:4; 12:24: Genesis 4:2-10,25; Matthew 23:35) The names of those idolaters are not written with that of Abel. Hence lovers of eternal life in God's new order of things will not join in this modern idolatry.
The apostle John goes more deeply into the mystery of this idolized scarlet-colored wild beast as he writes: "Here is where the intelligence that has wisdom comes in: The seven heads mean seven mountains, where the woman sits on top. And there are seven kings: five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet arrived, but when he does arrive he must remain a short while. And the wild beast that was but is not, it is also itself an eighth king, but springs from the seven, and it goes off into destruction." (Revelation 17:9-11) Truly, to get at the meaning of this complicated mystery, we need to have not merely intelligence but also heavenly wisdom, "the wisdom from above." — James 3:17.
The "seven heads" are those on the scarlet-colored wild beast. But these are an image of the seven heads of the wild beast that ascended out of the ungodly sea of mankind. Hence they picture seven political heads that came one after another. They picture world
powers. The intelligence that God's Word of heavenly wisdom gives us helps us to identify these powers as (1) the ancient Egyptian; (2) the Assyrian; (3) the Babylonian; (4) the Medo-Persian; (5) the ancient Grecian or Macedonian; (6) the Roman; and (7) the British-American. These seven symbolic heads are said to be "seven mountains," because Daniel 2:34. 35. 44. 45 likens the everlasting world power of the future, God's Messianic kingdom, to a "large mountain" that "filled the whole earth."
The mysterious harlot, Babylon the Great, is not the same as the third head of the beast, namely, the Babylonian World Power. The symbolic third head was also a symbolic mountain, a political organization; but Babylon the Great is strictly a religious empire and she existed and reigned before ancient Babylon on the Euphrates River became the third world power in the days of Nebuchadnezzar. As a religious empire, Babylon the Great reigned over or sat on top of the first symbolic mountain, the Egyptian World Power, about a thousand years before Rome was founded in Italy. Because she is a religious empire, she did not pass away when ancient Babylon fell in 539 B.C. and finally perished during the time of the Roman World Power. As a religious empire she has continued to survive, that she might sit on top of all seven symbolic mountains or world powers, from ancient Egypt to modern Britain and America.
These world powers are, figuratively, "seven kings," in the sense of being each a "king of kings," a king dominating all other kings of the time. For example, the prophet Daniel said to the Babylonian world ruler, Nebuchadnezzar: "You, O king, the king of kings, you to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, . . . you yourself are the head of gold." (Daniel 2: 37. 38) The ruler of the Medo-Persian World Power assumed the same title in the letter that he gave to the Bible copyist, Ezra, to carry up to Jerusalem,
saying: "Artaxerxes, the king of kings, to Ezra the priest, the copyist of the law of the God of the heavens: Peace be perfected." (Ezra 7:7-12) When the apostle John saw this Revelation, near the end of the first century of our Common Era, five "kings" had fallen, just as the angel told John. These were the first five of the world powers, from ancient Egypt to and including ancient Greece.
So, when the angel said to John, "One is," he meant the world power that had exiled John to the penal island of Patmos, namely, the sixth or Roman World Power, of which the pagan Roman emperor was then the religious Pontifex Maximus. Who, then, is the figurative seventh king whom the angel pointed forward to with the words: "The other has not yet arrived"? — Revelation 17:10.
Bible prophecy and secular history prove that the angel meant the dual world power of Britain and America, who were allies in the first world war of 1914-1918. None of the preceding six world powers was so mighty and worldwide as this seventh British-American World Power. When did he arrive? Not when Rome "fell," namely, in the year 476 when the Teutonic Odoacer, of Arian faith, captured Rome and became king of Italy. At that time the British Empire and the United States of America did not exist. Also, at that time there was more to the Roman Empire than Rome and Italy. The capital of the whole Roman Empire was, not Old Rome in Italy, but New Rome, Constantinople, on the Bosporus, at the crossroads of Europe and Asia and of the Mediterranean and Black Seas. In that commercial center of the Roman World Power Emperor Zeno the Isaurian ruled. He finally brought about the expulsion of Odoacer from Rome, in 489. That part of the Roman Empire in the East came to an end first in 1453, when Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks.
In the West, what became the Holy Roman Empire was established by the pope's strategy in the year 800; but Emperor Napoleon I of France put an end to it in 1806. However, forty-three years earlier, or in 1763, the British Empire, with colonies then in North America, gained the position of the "foremost commercial and colonial power of the world," as one historian remarks. It maintained this position and brought about the downfall of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1814. By then the United States of America had become established on the basis of former colonies of Great Britain. In many respects and ways it became an ally of Great Britain, to form a dual world power, the mightiest in human history.
The dual feature of this world power arrived by the nineteenth century. Concerning it God's angel predicted: "When he does arrive he must remain a short while." (Revelation 17:10) In view of the long duration of the sixth or Roman World Power, the seventh or British-American Dual World Power can remain only "a short while," now that the "kings of the entire inhabited earth" are being gathered to a place or situation Biblically called Har-Magedon for their destruction. Even if we measure from the above-mentioned date of 1763, the time till the "war of the great day of God the Almighty" is comparatively a "short while." (Revelation 16:14.16) The most of this "short while" is now in the past. Its marked end is near.
The Seventh World Power is the main promoter and supporter of the United Nations, the present form of the "image of the wild beast." Certainly, then, this international arrangement for peace and security must go down into destruction when the Anglo-American World Power does at Har-Magedon. Destruction is what God's angel predicted for this scarlet-colored wild beast by saying: "The wild beast that was but is not, it is also itself an eighth king, but springs from the seven, and it goes off into destruction." (Reve-
lation 17:11) The United Nations of today contains as members the Seventh World Power and the national remnants of all the previous world powers. So it owes its existence to those seven world powers; it springs from them. As this modern scarlet-colored beast is an image of the leopard-spotted wild beast from the sea, which is a summation of all seven world powers, the beastly "image" is also in itself a world power or "king," hence "an eighth king." It has put its own military police force into the field of action. Now that it has ascended out of the abyss and been out since 1945, the Bible shows that what next it will do is to go off into destruction.
TEN HORNS BATTLE WITH THE LAMB
In Daniel's prophecy horns on the head of a symbolic animal are used to represent individual kings or national rulers. As the number ten is used in the Bible to stand for earthly completeness or perfection, the expression "ten horns" would symbolize, not ten literally, but all or the complete number of kings or national rulers on earth. Horns can be used violently, aggressively, by a wild beast. This is how the scarlet-colored wild beast uses its full set of horns, according to what God's angel says to John:
"And the ten horns that you saw mean ten kings, who have not yet received a kingdom, but they do receive authority as kings one hour with the wild beast. These have one thought, and so they give their power and authority to the wild beast. These will battle with the Lamb, but, because he is Lord of lords and King of kings, the Lamb will conquer them. Also, those called and chosen and faithful with him will do so." — Revelation 17:12-14.
The scarlet-colored wild beast has ten horns. At least one of these horns was upon the seventh head, possibly two horns, inasmuch as this seventh head pictured a dual world power, Britain and America
in alliance. (Compare Daniel 8:20-22.) In John's day that seventh symbolic head had not yet arrived; and hence its symbolic horn was absent, or possibly its two horns. — Revelation 17:10.
Thus in John's day the ten horns of this particular wild beast were not all present actually. But now since the eighteenth century all seven heads with all the ten horns are present. Before this, especially back in John's day, it could rightly be said that the ten horns "have not yet received a kingdom." Another thing: This scarlet-colored wild beast, which is an "image" of the sea beast, did not come into its existence till after World War I, in the form of the League of Nations. Hence it was only from then onward that the rulers whose nations joined the League and its successor, the United Nations, could "receive authority as kings" with the beast.
Of the seventh head of this brilliant wild beast it is said that "when he does arrive he must remain a short while." So, from the beginning of the Seventh World Power of Britain and America until its approaching destruction, the time is reckoned as only "a short while." For that reason the existence of the League of Nations and its successor, the United Nations, from 1920 onward, must be still shorter. Revelation 17:12 compares the time to just "one hour," for it says that the member nations "receive authority as kings one hour with the wild beast." Since 1920 we have been in that short "one hour" period. Many nations did not get into this international "wild beast" organization until it appeared in its new guise as the United Nations in 1945. Their time for membership in it is still shorter.
In what way can it be said that "these have one thought"? Of course, the Charter of the United Nations should fix the thought for all its member nations or "kings" and it should unite them all in one purpose. But the way that the veto power has been used in
sessions of the Security Council of the UN, and the refusal on the part of some members to pay the required taxes for certain military ventures of the UN, and the disorders that have featured some of the meetings of the General Assembly, and the continual lack of oneness of mind on crucial proposals as to general disarmament and stopping of nuclear weapons' testing, etc., all this proves that these "ten kings" are not one in thought. How, then, is the angel's prophecy true, that "these have one thought"? In this way:
The modern-day "ten kings" have "one thought" in opposing God's Messianic kingdom, his kingdom in the hands of the "Lamb of God that takes away the sin of the world." The very League of Nations and its successor, the United Nations, represent an international conspiracy against God's kingdom, which was born in the heavens in 1914 at the end of the Gentile Times. This international organization for peace and security by human means is a deceptive counterfeit for God's kingdom by his Lamb, which Jehovah's witnesses have been preaching to all the nations since the end of World War I. Thus the whole scarlet-colored "wild beast" is against the heavenly Messianic kingdom. In order to support a substitute for that kingdom and in order to further their fight against that Messianic kingdom, the symbolic ten horns or kings do unitedly "give their power and authority to the wild beast," just as Revelation 17:13 foretold. Other nations that are not members of the United Nations are just as much against God's Messianic kingdom. Accordingly they take part with the "wild beast" in this opposition.
These symbolic ten horns on the heads of the scarlet-colored wild beast are included among the "kings of the entire inhabited earth" who are being gathered under demon influence to the "war of the great day of God the Almighty" at Har-Magedon. It is only to
be expected, then, that "these will battle with the Lamb," as Revelation 17:14 assures us. Being earthly, with only natural eyesight, these "ten kings" (who make up the real power of the United Nations "wild beast") cannot fight directly against the Lamb of God, as he is heavenly and spiritual and is not visible to them.
But the Lamb has a remnant yet on earth of his spirit-begotten followers, whom God has called and chosen and who are striving to be faithful with the Lamb. They are visible to these "ten kings." They become prominently visible as they take their stand for Christian neutrality toward the conflicts of the kingdoms of this world and as they preach in all the inhabited earth the good news of God's kingdom. — Matthew 24:14; Ephesians 6:11-18; Acts 5:28, 29.
Against these called, chosen and faithful ones the "ten kings" can and do fight even to the point of "framing trouble by decree" against them, to make everything appear legal and in the national interests. (Psalm 94:20) They also fight against the God-fearing companions of this remnant, namely, the "great crowd" whom John saw standing before God's throne and shouting: "Salvation we owe to our God, who is seated on the throne, and to the Lamb." (Revelation 7:9, 10, 13-17) In fighting against the spirit-begotten remnant and the "great crowd" who join them in preaching God's kingdom, the symbolic ten kings are really battling against the Lamb of God, for what they do to His followers he accounts as done to him.
The earthly followers of the Lamb of God are also lamblike in disposition. Yet the symbolic ten horns of the wild beast ought not to expect to win the battle. They should not forget that the Lamb is also "the Lion that is of the tribe of Judah" and in battle with the foes of God's kingdom he will display his lionlike qualities. (Revelation 5:5; Genesis 49:9, 10) At the close of the Gentile Times in 1914 Jehovah God en-
throned and crowned him as king in the heavens. War in heaven followed, and the newly enthroned King cast down Satan and his demons from heaven to the earth. So now the Lamb is the Lord of the ancient King David and is also reigning King. In comparison with lords and kings of this earth, he is a superior Lord and King, which is indicated by his new title "Lord of lords and King of kings." God has given him all the necessary authority in heaven and on the earth. — Matthew 28:18; Acts 2:32-36.
For these reasons the heavenly Lamb will conquer all the rulers or kings now united in the United Nations, the symbolic "ten kings" or "ten horns" of the wild beast. Sharing with the Lamb in this conquest will be "those called and chosen and faithful with him." This would mean the 144,000 of them, who will all finally stand with him on the heavenly Mount Zion. (Revelation 14:1-3) The ones who died faithful prior to the battle and who were rewarded with a resurrection to life with him in the heavens will be with him in the battle. (Revelation 14:13; 2:26-28) The remnant of the 144,000 yet on earth will not take up material weapons against the "ten kings," but because they remain faithful to the Lamb throughout the battle they will be accredited with a share in the conquest. This would appear to be an additional proof that this remnant, while yet on earth, will survive this battle and will thus, while yet in the flesh, enter into the new order after the battle.
VIOLENT END OF THE GREAT HARLOT
If, now, the "ten horns" on the seven heads of the wild beast lose the battle with the Lamb of God, and are destroyed, what happens to the great harlot, Babylon the Great, who rides the scarlet-colored beast for the "one hour" of its activities? We are not left to wonder, for John writes: "And he says to me: The waters that you saw, where the harlot is sitting,
mean peoples and crowds and nations and tongues. And the ten horns that you saw, and the wild beast, these will hate the harlot and will make her devastated and naked, and will eat up her fleshy parts and will completely burn her with fire. For God put it into their hearts to carry out his thought, even to carry out their one thought by giving their kingdom to the wild beast, until the words of God will have been accomplished. And the woman whom you saw means the great city that has a kingdom over the kings of the earth.' " — Revelation 17:15-18.
This must, of course, be fulfilled before the symbolic ten horns and the scarlet-colored seven-headed wild beast themselves are destroyed in battle with the Lamb of God. The "ten horns" as kings hold political control over their respective nations and peoples, but the harlot Babylon the Great controls a religious empire. She wields religious influence and control worldwide, over "peoples and crowds and nations and tongues," as she sits on them, figuratively speaking. She even influences and, as far as possible, dictates to the rulers of these peoples and nations. These "kings of the earth," because of the religiousness of their subjects, find it well for themselves to adopt a form of religion. In this way Great Babylon has, in fact, a "kingdom over the kings of the earth." The kingdom of Babylon the Great is therefore a religious world empire, something bigger than sixteen-centuries-old Christendom and yet including Christendom.
However, the symbolic ten horns and the scarlet-colored wild beast will get tired of her "kingdom" over them and tired of their religious fornication with her. Jehovah God has decreed that it must be so. He has a "thought" regarding her destruction, and he can cause the symbolic "ten horns" to make it also their own "one thought," so that they act as a unit in what they do.
The symbolic ten horns or kings are against God's kingdom in the hands of his Lamb. To make their opposition manifest, he puts them on judgment before him. In his trial of them he makes them produce the evidence. Then on the basis of this evidence he can righteously sentence them to destruction and execute the sentence. A.D. 1914 was the critical year for the "ten kings" because the Gentile Times ran out in the fall of that year. So the question was, What would the "ten kings" do after their lease of power ran out? Jehovah God had foretold what they would do; but they were to be judged, not by prophecy, but by deeds. Would they actually do what God had foretold? The history of that critical time answers.
War over world domination broke out in the heart of Christendom in 1914. It was accompanied by food shortages, by pestilences, by earthquakes in one place after another, and by inventing more devastating weapons of warfare. Thus God let the "ten kings" see just how helpless religious Babylon the Great was in preventing a calamitous world war. Rather than prevent world war, she took sides in it by means of her harlot daughters, even with prayers and imposing religious rites. God let the "ten kings" see how destruction stared them in the face if they persisted in such warfare.
God thus forced them to make a decision. Would they renounce their national sovereignties and bow to God's established kingdom as the means for saving mankind? Or, would they create a man-made international organization for insuring and preserving world peace and security and turn to it for perpetuating their distinct nationhoods and human sovereignties? Political self-interest dictated what the "ten kings" should do, and thus they were induced to come to "one thought," namely, to put their confidence in man and to form an association of nations in order to prevent
their self-destruction and to preserve rule of mankind by man and not by God.
This "thought" led to the bringing forth of the political "image" of the wild beast that had ascended out of the sea. So they brought forth the symbolic scarlet-colored wild beast. Then the "ten kings" carried out their thought respecting this image "by giving their kingdom to the [scarlet] wild beast," the League of Nations first and the United Nations now. This united action will continue "until the words of God will have been accomplished."
In carrying out this one purpose and thought of theirs, they are also carrying out God's "one thought." His thought was for these enemies of his kingdom to combine themselves in one worldwide political organization and, by it, present to him and his Messianic kingdom a united front, that he might face them all at one time and destroy them all together at one stroke. — Joshua 11:19, 20.
As regards Babylon the Great, she kept up her harlotry with the "kings of the earth." Under the leadership of Christendom she should have known that the Gentile Times for modern-day Gentile kings to rule had run out. Yet she at once sanctified the international political organization of rulers in her own way, by her own rituals. By doing this she determined to make earth's inhabitants drink still more from her "golden cup" and get worse "drunk with the wine of her fornication." In this way she mounted the scarlet-colored "wild beast" in 1920 in order to ride it.
At God's due time, and by the force of circumstances that he will produce, the present-day lovers of Babylon the Great will turn on her with disgust and violent designs. Their turning upon her will not necessarily mean that they will go communistic along either the Soviet Russian line or the Red Chinese line. At the time of publishing this book the majority of the symbolic "ten kings" who are in the United Nations
are unwilling to turn against the world empire of Babylonish religion. The Secretary-General of the UN is, not a "Christian," but a Buddhist. The president of the seventeenth session of the UN's General Assembly is a Mohammedan.
Before Jehovah God destroys those "ten kings" at the place Biblically called Har-Magedon, he will cause their passionate love of the "great harlot" to turn to hatred. He has done such a thing before. In ancient times he warned religious Jerusalem that he would bring her former passionate lovers against her to mutilate and destroy her. He had already caused a like experience to befall Samaria, her sister capital. Read the prophecies on this in Ezekiel 16:33-42 and 23:1-31. Great Babylon is no better than unfaithful, apostate Jerusalem. She deserves to be destroyed like a harlot, and Jehovah God will see to it that, ironically, her former lovers will take a hand in the violent destruction of her.
Terrible is the end that awaits this world empire of Babylonish religion. The "wild beast" organization, in the majority of whose member nations she trusts to protect and save her, will not rescue her when the time comes for Jehovah to execute his judgment upon her. Not just the symbolic ten horns or kings, but the whole beastly organization will learn to hate her, losing their pleasure in her. This will especially be true after the sixth plague poured out upon the symbolic "great river Euphrates" has been completely fulfilled and its waters have been dried up, thus taking away the protection and support that she used to get from the people. — Revelation 16:12.
"Ten kings" and the "wild beast" will devastate her of the vast wealth that she has gathered in carrying on her religious business. They will make her appear shameful like a naked woman in public, that everybody may see how false and useless her religion is and stop Superstitiously taking part in it. Like the
dogs that ate up the fleshy parts of Baalistic Queen Jezebel of Israel, leaving only the palms of her hands and her feet and skull, they will devour her body with which they once had liked to unite. They will destroy all her beauty of form and her religious capacity to give soothing pleasure to ungodly, worldly men. Instead of her feeding on others, they will feed on her, as long as there is anything to her. What is left of her frame they will burn with fire, as if she were, not a Babylonian temple prostitute, but the unchaste daughter of a priest in ancient Israel. (Leviticus 21:9; Genesis 38:24) What this will mean for the religious buildings of Babylon the Great and for her priests and other religious clergy and orders is something frightful to contemplate. We make no attempt to describe it.
Babylon the Great will pay dearly for all her religious crimes, her disgusting things. Truly it was a terrible judgment that the apostle John saw executed upon her in prophetic vision. No less terrible will be the sight when this prophetic preview of nineteen centuries ago is fulfilled before our very eyes. The Christian witnesses of Jehovah will take no part with the "ten horns" and the "wild beast" in violently destroying the "great harlot," Babylon the Great. They have no appointment from Jehovah God to act as his executioners against the world empire of Babylonish religion. Because of practicing the true and pure religion they themselves will find no favor in the eyes of the "ten horns" and the "wild beast" and will be in danger, liable to attack by the antireligious. But God Almighty will protect and preserve them through that awesome period of His executing righteous judgment upon the "great harlot." — Psalm 37:32-34.