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Judge J.F.Rutherford


decorationTHANKS be to God that His grace has preserved us, "kept us from falling," through another year — that so many of us are still of one heart and of one mind in respect to His Word, and its service!

"Prove me now herewith, saith the Lord of Hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to contain it." Malachi 3:10.

Considering the helpful and inspiring messages presented by the dear Pilgrim Brethren at the CONVENTION and ANNUAL ELECTION of the WATCH TOWER BIBLE & TRACT SOCIETY, assembled at Pittsburgh, January 2-5, 1919, we have been moved to publish this Verbatim Report. We wish to thank the brethren for their assistance in this connection.

In sending out this SOUVENIR CONVENTION REPORT, we do so with the prayer that the Lord's People will receive as great spiritual benefit from its perusal as we have in its preparation.

Yours in the Master's Service,

1265 Broadway (Suite 611),
New York City, N. Y.


"Thou crownest the year with thy goodness." Psa. 65:11

decorationTHE opening of a most significant New Year found several hundred friends assembled at the Bethel Chapel in Pittsburgh, Wednesday night, January 1st, reviewing in testimony the leadings of Divine Providence during the past year. The joy and rejoicing in the Lord knew no bounds. Many of the friends found it a special occasion to make plenty of good resolves, respecting what we shall be willing to be, to do, to suffer, in fellowship with our Lord.

The keynote of the meeting was based upon the Prayer Meeting text: "Be thou strong and very courageous." (Josh. 1:7.) One brother testified that he was glad that he could stand up for Jesus and. hold high the banner of Truth. Others testified that they, as followers of the Lord, stood firmly for the truth: not fearing what man might do unto them, but trusted in the Lord, and in the power of His might, with the promise that by so doing, they will be with Him in Glory.

Another brother voiced the sentiments of all in the following words: "How appropriate is this keynote in connection with our Text for the year: 'No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper.' (Isa. 54:17.) I am perfectly willing to give and sacrifice everything to gain this assurance. The only injury these weapons can do is to the old creature, which we have already consecrated to death. Therefore, God uses the 'wrath of man to praise Him,' — by turning what seems to harm us into everlasting joy and blessing."

At the conclusion of the service, Brother Wise requested all to join in silent prayer asking the Lord to direct their every word, thought and action during the succeeding four days', to the end that "the Love of God might rule in every heart": that all things be avoided which would aid the enemy.

It was good to be there! And as we wended our way to our respective rooms we were confident that the opening of the Convention on the morrow would manifest more of the spirit of the Psalmist's words:

"Behold, how good, and how pleasant
it is for brethren to dwell
together in unity."

Watch Tower Office
The Old Quaker Shop - Brother Russell's First Haberdashery Store
Soldiers' Memorial Hall





decorationSHENLEY PARK, Pittsburgh's $50.000.000 Beauty Center, proved to be an ideal place for a convention of the Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society during the period of its Annual Election — the first Saturday in the new year. The location was a delightful one.
Memorial Hall, dedicated to the memory of the heroes of another cause, was appropriately the meeting place of the soldiers of the "Cross of Christ" who, too, must die to win.

On the morning of January 2d the Convention opened according to program, and from that time to the last reluctant farewells at the close of the Convention. Sunday evening, January 5th, with a Love Feast, we who were present considered this Convention the most beneficial ever held. Approximately one thousand attended. Brother C. A. Wise served as chairman throughout the entire session.

Brother E. G. Walters, of Tamaqua, Pa., was the musical director. All mingled in "song of unspeakable sweetness to the praise of God." The inspiration derived from the music and words contained in "Hymns of Dawn" caused us to sympathize with our beloved Brother J. F. Rutherford:

"Often I long to hear some of our hymns! Then I contemplate the music of the Heavenly courts, and long for that, and am thrilled with the prospect that in the chorus will be the beautiful, wonderful, angelic hosts, the innumerable company of honored servants before the throne, the Bride in all her glory and beauty and the majestic Bridegroom, all mingling their perfect voices in music and song of unspeakable sweetness to the praise of God. And Jehovah Himself will for joy sing over all. (Zeph. 3:17.) The Lord thy God in the midst of thee is mighty; He will rest in His love. He will joy over thee with singing.' How glorious to be there, and there I want to be, and want you to be. Let nothing be done that will lessen our prospect. Let brotherly love abound and be faithful unto death."

After experiencing bitter trials during the year past, our appetites were whetted to partake of the spiritual food so bountifully provided for this occasion, to increase our hopes, even as the Lord promised that He would "prepare a table in the midst of our enemies" that we might be able to bear present experiences.

Probably never before in the Christian era have such earnest and fervent prayers been offered as those on behalf of the Convention, and our BRETHREN who are now serving God while in prison: "Filling up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ for His body's sake, which is the Church." (Col. 1:24.) With eagerness everyone looked forward to the events that would transpire there, that the will of the Lord might he known. Their prayers were answered, even as our President and Brother J. F. Rutherford expressed the desire "that the spirit of Christ fill the heart of every attendant, drawing all of you closer together. Let every one have in mind that we are in the final conflict of Revelation 17 :14 —  These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them, for He is Lord of lords, and King of kings.' It is the finale of the conflict between the Serpent and the Seed of Promise. Let all read KINGDOM NEWS No. 3 NOW. We must overcome or be overcome — there is no middle ground. Concerning you and all, my sentiments are expressed in I Cor. 1:1". 'Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you: but that ye be perfectly joined together in the same mind, and in the same judgment'."


It was clearly manifest that the sentiment throughout all sessions centered around the yearly text: "No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper." (Isa. 54:17.) One brother said: "Since it is impossible that they can do anything against the truth, it is likewise impossible for anything to hurt that one who is under the shadow of the Almighty. 'Nothing shall by any means hurt you,' the New Creature, for 'your life is hid with Christ in God'."

The keynote of the Convention was in main along advanced lines, encouraging all to abound in the hope of bringing the Elijah and Elisha types (also that of Jezebel) to a complete fulfillment, even as Brother Herr suggested that

Enemies have striven to injure (and succeeded in a measure to suppress),
And Satan all his arts employ;

God has turned what seemed to harm us
Into Everlasting Joy!

And before the Convention came to a climax we lost sight of all opposition, calling to mind the Scripture, "If God be for us, who can be against us?" We determined to heed the admonition of the Apostle Paul to cling to the old ship Zion, and to partake heartily of the good nourishing food that our Master is providing through the same channel used during the Harvest — the Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society — in order that we may be able to go forth and labor while we have the opportunity by giving the final witness for the truth. We realized more than ever before there is much work to be done, and we were determined that no matter how stormy and troublesome the condition of the times may be, we would not fear, but stand by the old Ship of Zion until the very last.


In accordance with an invitation extended by the Bible House family, several hundred friends made a special visit to the Watch Tower office at Allegheny — directly across the Alleghany River from Pittsburgh. 'We were entertained and granted the privilege of fellowship in the large parlor, tastily arranged with furniture and mementoes of Brother Russell's study at the Bethel Home.

Upon inquiry we were directed over to Brother Russell's first haberdashery store, "The Old Quaker Shop," diagonally across the street from the Watch Tower office.

It was here that Charles Taze Russell, at the age of eleven, formed a business partnership with his father, himself writing the articles of agreement under which they transacted business. Here it was that at the age of twelve years. Charles' father found him one time at 2 A.M. poring over a concordance, unconscious of the lapse of time.

Within a few doors of this place, we were directed to a dusty, dingy hall where our dear Brother Russell first "stumbled upon Adventism." Quoting his own words, he says: "Seemingly by accident, one evening I dropped into a dusty, dingy hall in Allegheny, Pa., where I had heard that religious services were held, to see if the handful who met there had anything more sensible to offer than the creeds of the great churches. There, for the first time, I heard something of the views of Second Adventism, by Jonas Wendell, long since deceased. Thus I confess indebtedness to Adventists as well as to other Bible students. Though his Scriptural exposition was not entirely clear and though it was very far from what we now rejoice in. it was sufficient, under God, to re-establish my wavering faith in the Divine inspiration of the Bible, and to show that the records of the Apostles and the Prophets are indissolubly linked."

Pyramid memorial planned for Bethel Gravesite

Pastor Russell's grave



On Monday, a party of about 150 was conducted by Brother Bohnet to the grave of Brother Russell. Upon a hillside, sloping towards the south, we joined hands around the grave and sang:

"Blest be the tie that binds
Our hearts in Christian love;
The fellowship of kindred minds
Is like to that above.

"Our glorious hope revives
Our courage every day,
While each with expectation strives
To run the Heavenly way."

One last lingering look upon the scene recalled the peaceful manner of our Pastor's "passing beyond the vail." Brother Rutherford's words came to mind: "I am glad this prison experience was reserved for us, rather than for our dear Brother Russell."

We visited the marble works and there watched the workmen slowly but surely chisel out the monument to be erected as a memorial to the Society.

The Watch Tower Society burial lots in Rosemont United Cemeteries, five miles due north of Pittsburgh City, contain ample grave space for all the members of the Bethel family, and the Pilgrims and their wives — in all more than 275 adult graves. In the exact center of the Bethel lot will be erected diagonally the Pyramid Shape Monument as designed by Brother Bohnet, and accepted by Brother Russell as the most fitting emblem for an enduring monument on the Society's burial space. The size of this structure is nine feet across the base, and its apex stone is exactly seven feet above the ground surface level. It rests upon a concrete foundation five feet deep and heavily reinforced with barbed wire, the work of Brother Bohnet, who would not entrust this important task to anyone else, so we are assured the job was well done. The brother gave a full description of the securing of the rock material (after fruitless attempts extending over a period of about five years) at the time he piloted the conventionists to the cemetery and urged us to help ourselves to souvenir chips in the shop of the granite worker near by.

These monster blocks of pink (Brother Russell's favorite tint) granite were brought all the way from Granite Mountain Quarries, near Marble Falls City in Texas, upon a special flat car, and are said to be about 95 per cent flint rock.

Each slope of the pyramid will face one of the large lots and on each of these slopes is cut in four-inch embossment a Teacher's Bible, on the pages of which will appear the names of the ones buried there. The burial space for Brother Rutherford was indicated and his name, like that of Brother Russell, will be at the top of opposite Bible pages. A Bible space being set apart for the Pilgrims  — all in one lot of forty-eight grave space, so all their names will appear on the same Bible.

Above the Bibles are spaces for inscriptions in full, W. T. B. & T. S., I. B. S. A., "Dead with Christ," "Risen with Christ," etc. And above these the Cross and Crown and Wreath, and the whole capped with the apex stone, highly polished — its shape of course being pyramidal.

Within the structure, incased in a block of granite, will be a sealed metal box in which is a complete set of Karatol Scripture Studies, the Memorial Tower, and one of every tract, photographs of Pastor Russell, a copy of the Society's charter, and many other things to interest the people who at some future date may open the pyramid and find them.

Brother Wm. B. Hurst, of Pittsburgh, who was assistant superintendent of the United Cemeteries under Brother Bohnet's general charge, will have the care of Brother Russell's grave in the pilgrimage absence of Brother Bohnet. It is expected the monument will be in place before the next Decoration Day. Any truth people desiring a chip of the stone may send postage enough to carry a piece about the size of an egg, with enough additional to pay the Society for the trouble of having it wrapped for the mail. Best for class members to order collectively.

"Long, long be my heart
With such memories filled,
Like the vase in which roses
Have once been distilled.

"You may break, you may shatter
The vase if you will,
But the scent of the roses
Will cling to it still."

11:00 A. M., Brother A. M. Graham

Thursday, January 2, 1919, Fellowship Day


OUR program announces that this is "Fellowship Day." In thinking about this matter of Fellowship, we may think of it from a variety of standpoints. Looking back over the past, we notice how God's people have had fellowship.

Away back in the very beginning Abel had fellowship with God because he was in harmony with God's arrangement. He was all alone in this fellowship because there was no one else who could share it with him. Still later on, Noah had fellowship with God because he was in harmony with the Divine arrangement. He had. however, some associates with him who could share the fellowship —  his sons and their wives, also his own wife. Thus he had fellowship not only with God; his family shared this fellowship with him.

And that is the standpoint we propose to take this morning. We jump way down from Noah's day to our own day — 1919 — and seek to know and understand what God is now doing; come into harmony with it, and thus have fellowship with one another and with God.

We notice that previous to 1874 we had some fellowship with God and with one another. Some of us had some fellowship while in Babylon perhaps: we had fellowship with one another and with the Lord to the extent that we were in harmony with the Lord's arrangement as we understood it. In 1874, however, there came a change in the Lord's arrangements, and from that time forward we, who have learned of these changed arrangements, have been having fellowship in a broader and fuller and more complete sense than formerly because we understand the Divine arrangement better, and have come into harmony with it.

We notice, too, some little distinctions in respect to this fellowship which we have had since 1874. When we first came to know about this "present fellowship" we have had with the Father, and with one another, we were talking chiefly about the Plan of the Ages, about the three worlds and their subdivisions, and about what God was purposing to do in these ages and their subdivisions. Later on we studied Tabernacle Shadows, then Chronology, and the Great Pyramid received our careful attention. Yet more recently it was the wonderful events relating to the end of Gentile power in 1914. In all this we observe a progressive fellowship; we had fellowship together in all these things.

Since October, 1914. we have been watching the trend of events in the world with increasing interest, and we have been having fellowship along other lines. We do


not study so much about the three ages and their subdivisions now as formerly, but we are thinking, talking and having fellowship respecting other things: the fall of Babylon, and the establishment of the Kingdom of God, and the climax of cosmic forces taking place in our own day. We have had sweet fellowship in respect to all these matters. We could not have had that kind of fellowship away back in 1874, even as Abel could not have had fellowship with Noah because he knew nothing of the events of Noah's day, the flood, etc. So, then, we see we can have a fellowship now respecting present events, we could not have had in 1S74, or even ten or fifteen years ago — no, not even five years ago. But we can and do have it now.

We have fellowship together at the present time because we are in harmony with the Divine arrangement as it is fulfilling now right before us at the present moment. We need not think so much about what has taken place in the past. That is past. We do not forget the past, or set it aside; what we learned then is still with us in our hearts and minds — part of our life. We must, however, live in the present and act in the present. Therefore, the present has much more of interest for us than that which is past, no matter how important and interesting.

Our Lord was born two thousand years ago. We just celebrated the birth of our Lord about a week ago, and have begun a new year — A, D. 1919. There probably never was a New Year in all the history of the human family so remarkable in every respect as this one we are passing into. In fact, there has never been a New Year in the history of the human family so wonderful. Possibly there may be more wonderful New Year Days in the future, but there certainly has never been such a one as this in all the past.

What a remarkable condition of things there is in the world at the present time. For four years the nations of earth have been fighting the most remarkable war that ever was waged on this planet. And now we have PEACE. I don't know whether we are living in that day when the Scripture is being fulfilled that says: "They will say. 'Peace, Peace,' and there will be no peace." That day, when they will say: "Peace, and sudden destruction shall come upon them." These Scriptures must certainly have a fulfillment and it does not quite seem that they have yet been fulfilled. Doubtless they are being fulfilled.

Truly there is "no Peace," No matter where you look, there is unrest. Not a nation on earth feels sure and safe, each distrusts the others. Along social and financial lines: also everywhere there is a feeling of unrest — a lack of peace. You remember that little message the angels brought: "Peace on earth, good will towards men." Looking over this Gospel Age, it is a remarkable fact that it has been the most bloody period of all human history. There have been more wars fought in this Gospel Age than in any other; notwithstanding that it is called the Christian era and presumably dominated by what is termed the Christian Church. Truly did our Master say of it: "There shall be wars and rumors of wars."

Look for instance at western Europe. It is simply one vast, great graveyard, where the dead from countless battlefields have been buried. There is scarcely a town or hamlet that is worth mentioning on the map of western Europe where there has not been at some time or other a great battle fought and thousands of lives lost. Most of these battles, not all, but many of them, have been fought to establish in the earth some ecclesiastical system or other. Yet we call it the Christian era, the Christian Age, and it is undoubtedly the most remarkable of all ages: but it has not been a period of peace. "Peace on earth" has not yet come to poor mankind. We are still looking in the future for the time of Jesus' reign, when He will rule in peace — The Prince of Peace.

Now, the Scriptures tell us all about these wonderful things transpiring in our day. They clearly point out what is taking place at the present moment, and those of God's people who understand and are in full harmony with God's arrangement are permitted to know and understand what these remarkable Scriptures mean, and how to apply them. We may not apply them, absolutely correctly. We may, perhaps, in some details fail to get just exactly the thought, but in their general outline I am sure we can come very close to a proper, a correct interpretation of prophetic Scripture fulfilling in this our day.

We have had now for four years a great war in progress. It stopped a little while ago. In November the war came to an end. Now then, the question is: What now is going on? What is God doing now? To my mind, dear friends, there is a little picture given to us in the Word of the Lord that illustrates very clearly what God has to do with present events. You are all familiar with it. It has been talked of and explained many, many times, but you know every time we look at a beautiful work of art, the more beauty we can see in it. The oftener we view a beautiful picture the more beauty we discover in it. I am referring now to the image of Daniel. (Dan. 2:31.) The oftener we look at that image the more remarkable it becomes. It was a GREAT IMAGE that reached up unto Heaven. This great image, whose brightness was excellent, and the form thereof terrible, represented four great Universal Empires. Its head was of gold, breast and arms of silver, belly and thighs of brass, legs of iron, the feet part iron and part of clay. This great image, therefore, pictured the political history of the human family from Daniel's day down to the present time.

Daniel is the most remarkable of all the prophets in many respects. He scanned the history of the human race from his own day down to our day — touching the salient points, but dwelling specially on the events at the close of the Gospel Age. Is it strange then that our great adversary, the devil, should be very desirous indeed of lessening the influence of that prophecy? Is it any wonder that he has done all he could do to cast discredit on that particular prophet? And so we find it. They have done everything they could to weaken the force of the prophecy of Daniel.

Nevertheless, Daniel's prophecy still stands there. The prophet tells us what these things mean. The head of gold represented Babylon, the breast and arms of silver represented Medo-Persia, the belly and thighs represented Grecia, whereas the legs of iron represented Rome, and the feet and toes Rome divided into the nations of Europe. The smearing with clay represented the mixture of the ecclesiastical systems with the nations of earth during the past ten centuries. Everybody knows that these four world dominions have come into being, and GONE. No man can say that this testimony of the Prophet Daniel is not true. Babylon has come and gone. Medo-Persia has come and gone. Greece has come and gone. Rome has come and Rome has gone, too. These are the facts of history that no man can gain-say.

The next thing that the prophet records is that a stone was "cut out of mountain without hands." This stone, we understand, is the Heavenly Kingdom of Christ, the stone Kingdom, for which you and I and all Christian people were taught to pray: "Thy Kingdom come, Thy will be done on earth even as it is done in Heaven." Now notice, the prophet said the "stone smote the image on its feet, etc." (Verse 34.) Looking from the type down to the anti-type. I think we will pretty generally agree that that stone has been smiting that image for the last four years on its feet, viz., the Roman Empire, divided into small kingdoms.

Now then, we will notice some other things about that Image. We notice that it had two legs and stood on two feet. Well, you remember that Rome originally was a united empire, and continued for a few hundred years as a united empire, but finally was split up and divided into two empires, known in history as the Western Empire and Eastern Empire. About the same time the political division took place there was also a religious division. The Roman Catholic Church was also divided into two parts — an Eastern Church and a Western Church: the Greek Catholic Church and the Roman Catholic Church. The Eastern Church had its headquarters originally at Constantinople, afterwards when the Turks got possession of that city and drove the Christians out, the seat of power was finally transferred to Moscow in Russia and became associated with the Russian people; so that the largest number of adherents of the Greek Catholic Church


is found amongst the Russian people, and it is frequently called the Russian Church. Now then, this Eastern Empire, together with the Greek or Eastern Church, represents one of the legs of Daniel's image.

The Roman Catholic Church has always been associated with the kings of Western Europe and together with them constitutes the Western Empire — the other leg of Daniel's image. Now then, would it not be a reasonable deduction that if one or the other of these legs would fall, or be broken, the image necessarily must fall? That would be a reasonable deduction surely.

You just think a moment or two; what do we see before our eyes? Not very long ago — a little over a year ^no — Russia fell. There is no RUSSIA. Russia has absolutely gone to pieces. When Russia fell the Russian or Greek Church fell with her. There is now no Russian Church.

Constantinople, too, has fallen. The Turks who have held it for six hundred years have lost it. It is now in the possession of the Allies, but it is a bone of contention with them. They don't know what to do with it. Greece says she wants it. "It ought to belong to us," they say, because two-thirds of the people living there speak the Greek language. But the allied nations are not disposed to give it to them. It is best, they think, to have it controlled by all the nations. It is very clear, then, that the Eastern Empire, both in its political and its religious aspect, has fallen. This means that one leg of Daniel's image has been "broken to pieces," as the prophet terms it, and the image itself has fallen to the ground.

What, we ask, is the next thing in order? If it is true that one leg of that image has been broken and the image has fallen, what would be the next thing to transpire? The next thing would be the breaking in pieces of the image itself. We will keep in mind that the one foot of the image rests at Rome, and the other foot at Constantinople. When one leg is broken the image necessarily falls. The next thing that we will notice in respect to this record, is this: Daniel says, ''Thou sawest that a stone was cut out without hands which smote the image on the feet, which were of iron and clay, and break them in pieces. Then was the iron, the brass, the silver, and gold broken in pieces together. (Chapter 2:35.) You see. the next thing after the image had fallen was to BREAK IT TO PIECES.

Is anything taking place at the present time that looks as though this is having a fulfillment? We answer, "Yes, assuredly." Russia, for example, has been broken into five or six smaller states, and the division still goes on! Nobody knows just how many pieces there are yet to be. Russia in 1914 was one vast, great, united empire. Today it is divided into many "pieces." We do not know exactly what is taking place in Russia, or indeed in any part of Europe. We may not be too sure, but it looks as though there were two great giants in this country. Two great newspaper syndicates striving for mastery. One probably headed by J. P. Morgan, and the other headed by William Randolph Hearst; and they are fighting one another, and between the two we don't get the exact truth. But we do know enough to see that Russia has gone to pieces, divided into a number of small states — "broken to pieces."

Now then, take another instance: Austria also a little while ago was a united empire. It was called a dual monarchy, Austria and Hungary, but it was united. Lloyd George called it the "Ramshackle Empire," but nevertheless it was united, and a master mind — Emperor Franz Joseph — held it together for a long time. But Austria, too. has fallen. It has been divided into at least five pieces — five small states. She, too, has been "broken to pieces."

Furthermore, if we are to believe what we hear in the newspapers we may understand that Germany at the present time is divided into at least two parts, and we do not know how many more. Germany is comprised of about twenty-five states, some smaller and some larger. We do not know how many "pieces" she will yet be broken into; how many small states will be made out of her.

Now. we step over into another realm. Here is the great British Empire — a great and mighty empire. I want to tell you, I hope this isn't an unusual thing to say, but I think that of all the great empires that have sprung up on the face of the earth, the British Empire is the most remarkable. This little "Island Empire" has dominated the earth for four hundred years and still hopes to dominate it. Notice that this great and mighty empire is comprised of many parts, all over the world — India, Australia, Canada, and South Africa. And these parts are held together with cords or ties so slight that it will require very little to break them. She feels that she must, therefore, have a mighty navy with which to hold these far off parts in line. If she should fail in any way to have a mighty navy, she could not hold these far distant empires. It is not going to take very much to separate and divide, "break in pieces," the mighty British Empire.

That is what was next in order; breaking the image in pieces. How long is it going to be before Canada will want "self-determination"? And how long is it going to be before Australia will want self-determination; and before India, too. will want it. And who are we, this GREAT AMERICAN PEOPLE, WHO SHALL SAY THEY SHALL NOT HAVE IT. A hundred and forty years ago we concluded to have "self-determination," and we threw off the British yoke. We kicked our old King George III, that "stuffy old drone from the German hive." Dr. Holmes called him. If the people of India, Australia, and Canada want self-determination, shall they not have it? How easy it will be then to sever the ties that binds the mighty British Empire together.

We have, therefore, in the breaking of Daniel's image a picture of what is taking place today. These great, mighty empires are being "broken to pieces." That is the prophet's declaration. Our president, Woodrow Wilson, also agrees that this must be so. He says. "All these people shall have the PRIVILEGE OF DETERMINING FOR THEMSELVES WHAT THEIR GOVERNMENT SHALL BE AND SHALL DO." And that is what is breaking these kingdoms to pieces, preparatory to their being ground to powder and "become like chaff," and blown hither and thither and no more place to be found for kings, emperors, popes, etc., crowned or uncrowned powers.

I think we can all agree that there are some powers that are very potent and influential that have never been crowned. We have them in our own land — very many of them! We have railroad kings, or used to have. We have telephone kings, and telegraph kings, and coal kings, steel kings, and wheat kings, and all kinds of industrial kings that never have been crowned, but they need to be "ground to powder," i.e., stripped of their power like all the others. Thus we are having fellowship with one another as we observe the fulfilling of the Divine prophecy at the present time.

I would like to call your attention to another little picture in this same connection, of a similar character.

This picture is found in the book of Kings. Now, in speaking about this matter I don't wish you to understand that I have found the solution of this thing, and that it is just so and no other way. I am suggesting something merely to stir up your thoughts. That is all, nothing more. It is good to have as many minds probing into these things as possible. That is what has marked our Age, the people are thinking. Before 1799 nobody thought, scarcely. There was no thinking done except by a very few — the learned. The farmer went to work at sunrise, and came back at sunset, and scratched the mud off his shoes before he went into the mud floor of his cabin, and that was all he thought he had to do, and he seemed to be contented and happy. If he did start to thinking about his hard lot it wasn't" very long before some gentleman who buttoned his coat way up to the collar and tied his collar at the back, and to him said, "Don't you feel bad about this matter at all. You, of course, are having your hard time now; but you just be patient, when you die you will get your reward in Heaven. That rich man, your master, who owns the farm, is having his good time new, but when he dies he will have his hard time. He will get it then." And that thought contented them.

Now, since they have begun to think, they say; Away with this good time that you are talking about after I


die. I want the good time now, and will have it. I will use a slang word they are saying now, "You can't bamboozle us any more." So then, since 1799 there have been a thousand minds thinking upon every thing that you can possibly bring to your mind. That is why so many wonderful, remarkable things are taking place in the world today.

So, in respect to the Bible pictures, the more people who consider them the more we will get out of them. However, we do not want to be foolish and unwise about the matter. We do not want to do as some brethren do. There are some brethren who think they see a vision and they want to write a book or a tract about it. The chances are, dear friends, they did not see a vision at all. All they saw was a ghost, a phantom merely. If you do see something, and if you think it is worthy of being put in writing, write it out, use the very best English you have, and the best information obtainable, and when you have written it out send it down to the "Editorial Committee" that the Lord God in His arrangement provided for the spreading of present truth and if they think it is worth printing you will thus have the privilege of serving the Truth. But don't take the matter into your own hands.

Now then, this other matter is the story of King Jehu, found in II Kings, chapters 9 and 10, remarkable work you remember, and only one, so far as we have any knowledge. He destroyed the family of Ahab, Jezebel, Ahab's wife, and their seventy sons. Every male that belonged to the family of Ahab was absolutely destroyed. And when he had accomplished that we hear nothing more about Jehu. My memory is that the record says, "And Jehu reigned twenty-eight years, and all the deeds which he did are they not recorded in the chronicles of the kings." And that is the end of the matter.

Now, we will point out some things that make the story of Jehu important. He certainly did a great work. Anybody who would destroy the wicked Jezebel would indeed be great. Jehu was anointed by one of the "sons of the prophets" (ch. 9:1-7) to be king of Israel. You know at that time Israel was divided into two parts —  Judah and Israel. Now then, these two divisions represent the two divisions of Christendom — Judahism as a whole represents Christendom. The northern portion —  Israel, the ten tribes, the larger portion — represents the Catholic division of Christendom, in both its parts — both the Greek Church and Roman Church. There are very little differences in these two Churches after all. One permits their priesthood to marry and the other forbids them, and a few little things like that. They originally were one and so they come in with that class and that division.

The other division — Judah, the two tribes — represents the Protestant side of Christendom. We will try to keep that in mind. Jehu was anointed king of Israel and he was told that his duty was to destroy Jezebel and the family of Ahab. (Ch. 9, v. 7.) Now then, looking from the type to the antitype, we know that Jezebel represents the Roman Catholic system; the Roman hierarchy. Not the Roman Catholic people, but the great system itself. We make that distinction. You remember that when the United States went into this war our President said, "We are not fighting the German people, we are fighting German autocracy." We make the same distinction between the Papal system and the people controlled by it.

Jezebel had a husband — Ahab. He represents the "Holy Roman Empire." And perhaps we might stop here to notice something about that great "Holy Roman Empire." You know the pagan Roman Empire was very powerful in the days of Christ and the early Church. It was not the "HOLY Roman Empire," however. The Holy Roman Empire came into being later on during the reign of Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, about the year 800 A. D.

The circumstances which brought this Holy Roman Empire into being were something like this. This great emperor went to Rome to visit the pope, and while there and while he engaged in his religious devotion upon his knees in one of the churches at Rome, it is said that the pope came up behind him and placed a crown upon his head, and when he looked in surprise that such should be done the pope assured him that it was the will of Heaven that he should wear this crown and assist the Church in all her undertakings. This began the Holy Roman Empire. For a thousand years from 800 A. D. to 1800 A. D. that empire existed in Europe. It was called the Holy Roman Empire because united to the Roman Church. When Charlemagne died his empire was divided into three parts, but the portion comprising the western part of present Germany and the northern portion of present Austria continued to be recognized as the Holy Roman Empire.

At this point, in the year 800, or thereabouts, the antitypical Jezebel, the Papal Church, was married to the antitypical Ahab, the Holy Roman Empire. Here the union of Church and State began. There had been a courtship, too. They had been courting for a few hundred years, from about the year 350 A. D. They were very timid at first, but became bolder, and in 800 A. D. they were married; Church and State were united. There Ahab and Jezebel in antitype were married.

They did not live very happily together. You know that is frequently the case in married life. Married people live sometimes a whole lifetime and never spend a single day peaceably. They usually quarrel about who will be "boss." Now that is just the kind of marriage this was. From the very beginning of the union of Church and State there was a constant contest between these two mighty powers. The Papal Church (Jezebel in the type) and the Empires of Europe (Ahab in the type) as to which was supreme — Church or State. This contest continued during the entire period, from Charlemagne to Napoleon (800 A. D. to 1800 A. D.), who ended it by bringing the Holy Roman Empire to an end.

As the giving of the Golden Crown to Charlemagne represented the marriage of Jezebel and Ahab, so the ending of the Holy Roman Empire represents the death of Ahab.

This occurred in 1806. At that time Austria and Russia entered in a "coalition" to destroy Napoleon. Learning of this fact, Napoleon executed one of his rapid marches, and before the Russian army could unite with that of the Emperor he crossed the Alps and dealt the Austrian power a deadly blow in two great battles. The last one, Austerlitz, said to be one of the fifteen decisive battles of the world, ended forever the power of the Emperor and at the treaty signed later the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved and came to an end. It does not now exist. There is no Holy Roman Empire. Thus in antitype Ahab died and Jezebel became a widow.

Since that time, 1806, Papacy has been a widow, viz., separated from the civil power. She shortly denies this however, and says: "I am no widow, I sit a queen, and shall see no sorrow." (Isa. 47:7-11; Rev. 18:7.)

After Ahab's death, two of his sons reigned over Israel (Ahaziah and Joram, who were living when Jehu was anointed). As Ahab typed the Holy Roman Empire, so we believe the reigns of those two sons of Ahab typed two nations in Europe who supported and aided to some extent the Papacy since 1806. Ahaziah, who reigned first, typed Italy, who lent some slight assistance until 1870, When Victor Emmanuel deprived the Church of the "Papal States," a gift of Charlemagne in 800 A. D. Since that time they have been bitter enemies. Then in 1870 Italy died as a supporter of the Church. Joram, the second son, we believe typed Austria, the only State that since 1870 could and did give assistance to Papacy. Germany and England were Protestant; Russia, Greek Catholic; France and Italy estranged from the Church; leaving Austria, a strong Catholic country, the only nation in Europe who could help her.

It might be remarked here that while a woman's husband lives she receives from him many favors; but when her husband dies she receives but little, and that frequently grudgingly given, from her sons. So since 1808 Papacy has had but few favors from the civil powers.

Keeping these matters in mind we return to Jehu, who was hastening up to Jezreel, the summer capital, where Jezebel. King Joram and King Ahaziah (King of Judah) from Jerusalem were residing. Joram was there, being healed of wounds received in a battle with the Syrians.


Ahaziah from Jerusalem, King of Judah, had assisted Joram in this battle and returned with him to Jezreel. Ahaziah was Jezebel's son-in-law. You see, therefore, these three were bound by common ties and illustrates the very close relations between Papacy, Austria, and Germany.

As Jehu drew near to the city, he was observed by the watchmen from the citadel, who promptly notified King Joram of the approach of a troop. The King sent out a mounted messenger to ascertain who this might be. He was not permitted to return, however, and a second mounted messenger was dispatched. He, too, did not return. This alarmed Joram, who then inquired of the watchmen if they could tell who this was who was approaching and would have the temerity to treat the King's messengers in this manner. The watchmen promptly replied, "It looks like the driving of Jehu, the son of Nimshi, for he driveth furiously."

This information aroused Joram to quick action. Jehu was his generalissimo, head of his army, and had been left at Ramoth-Gilead to watch the border lest the Syrians returned. It was treason, disobedience of orders, for him to be here in Jezreel — or, mayhap there was trouble at Ramoth-Gilead and Jehu had come to report They would go out and see.

Joram ordered the chariots and the two kings, Joram and Ahaziah, rode out and met Jehu. "Is it peace, Jehu?" Has the war broken out again? "Is it well?" Is everything all right on the border? Jehu answered promptly, "What peace so long as the whoredoms of your mother Jezebel, and her witchcrafts are so many?" (Ch. 9, v. 22.)

Thoroughly alarmed the King shouted to Ahaziah, "It is treachery. Flee, O Ahaziah!" They fled, but Jehu drew a bow "with his full strength," which struck Joram "between the arms" and came out at the heart and he sunk down and died — he died instantly. (Ch. 9, v. 24.) They then chased Ahaziah and mortally wounded him at "Gur, which is by Ibleam, and he died at Megiddo." (Ch. 9, v. 27.) He did not die instantly as did Joram, but lingered for some time; dying at Megiddo.

We observed that Joram typed Austria. His death, therefore, would mean the end of the Austrian Empire in October last. This was brought about by the withdrawal from the war of Bulgaria and Turkey, which broke the long strained relations between Austria and Hungary, the two "arms" or powers that constituted that empire. Austria there died. There is now no Austria and never will be again. She died instantly.

Similarly the wounding and death of Ahaziah, King of Judah, represents the fall of Germany. She has been "chased up" from the Marne River to the Rhine, until November 11, 1918, when she received her mortal wound. She is not yet dead, but the death throes can distinctly be seen, the death struggles have already begun in the unrest —  Socialistic, Bolshevistic, etc.

It might be well to remember that Joram reigned over Israel, typing the Catholic portion of Christendom, so Austria was connected with that portion. Ahaziah reigned over Judah, typing the Protestant portion of Christendom, so Germany is joined to Protestantism.

Having dispatched the two kings, Jehu resumed his journey towards Jezreel, where Jezebel, well aware no doubt of what had taken place — the death of Joram and Ahaziah —  awaited him. She could not flee, but what would she do? How could she expect to stand before this mighty warrior before whom two kings fell?

Notwithstanding the fact that she was full of "witchcrafts," as Jehu had said, she was a very resourceful old lady; very cunning and deceitful and withal a famous beauty in her day. She would charm Jehu, she promptly decided. Let him see how charming, lovely and really desirable she was and perhaps he would not kill her. She was concerned only in saving her life. It was her only chance and she determined to attempt it. She went up into her chamber, where she "tied" her hair most bewitchingly and painted her face and arrayed herself in her queenly attire, and sat in the window posing herself and anxiously hoping that a smile and a glance or two of her eyes would charm Jehu and he would spare her life at least.

Jehu rolled into the courtyard, heading his troop of chariots and horsemen. Spying Jezebel, the object of his search, then in the upper window, and scorning all her attempts to charm him, drove right up to the window. She smiled down upon him. He shouted, "Who is on my side? Who?" (Ch. 9, v. 32.) Some eunuchs looked out the chamber and quickly observing Jehu and his warriors there, concluded it was their safest plan to side with Jehu, and deserted their old mistress. "Throw her down," commanded Jehu, and they instantly threw the frightened and struggling Queen Jezebel out the window. She fell with a thud and her blood spattered upon the wall and the horses. Thus perished that wicked Jezebel, the first person in history who persecuted anyone for religious belief.

Looking now from type to antitype, what may we find in this picture? We remind you that Jezebel types Papacy. The fact that she was posing in that upper chamber would indicate that the Papacy has for some time past been striving to exhibit all her charms, her beauty. She loves all, hates none, she never persecuted. That is a myth of a darker day merely. She is the champion of liberty and freedom, also. The pope can cure all earth's woes. If he were only permitted to sit at the peace table he could authoritatively settle all national differences, etc. The only one in the world who has the authority to speak the very power given him by God.

The fact that it was an upper chamber would imply that she is lifted up and from a superior position looks down on all others. So Papacy is now "exalted to Heaven" in a place of power as high as she ever will be — has, indeed, reached her highest elevation and doubtless thinks she is on the crest of the wave, and on the morn of a glorious victory for the Church.

And those two or three eunuchs (Matt. 19:12), who are they? We answer: Rome's celibate priesthood, forbidden to marry; many of whom will, when the hour of her doom arrives, through fear or because they realize the impossibility of longer perpetuating this anchient camouflage, will assist in "throwing her down," destroy her, hoping to set up a new and better "Jezebel" more in harmony with the spirit of modern ideals.

The splashing of the blood on the walls and the horses show that by her death the civil power (walls) that protected her and the doctrine (horses) of Divine right of kings, popes, which made it possible to rule the world, will be polluted and become repugnant to the people, the soldiers, etc.

Jehu ordered her to be buried. "She is a king's daughter." (Ch. 9, v. 35.) But when the undertakers sought her out all that could be found of her body was the hands, feet and skull. The dogs had torn the flesh from her bones, leaving only the skeleton. This shows that when the antitypical Jehu is through with Papacy there will be only the memory of her doings (hands), the crooked walk during the 1000 years of her triumph, and (her feet) the plots, plans, etc., "witchcrafts" Jehu termed them, (the skull) once guarded so successfully but now made known "from the housetops." The dogs doubtless refer to the I. W. W., Bolsheviki, radical Socialists, etc.

We now recall to mind Jehu's reply to Joram. (Ch. 9, v. 22.) "What peace when the whoredoms of your mother, Jezebel, and her witchcrafts are so many?" We suggest that this may refer to Papacy's vacillating course, especially during the present war. First siding with Germany, then straddling the fence; was sometimes on one side, sometimes on the other, but always leaning German-ward, until it became evident Germany would be defeated, and then she has strenuously striven to show she was neutral. "It is monstrous to say that the pope has ever been anything but neutral," Catholic papers have said, both in the United States and Great Britain. This is the whoredoms.

The witchcrafts refer to the cunning craft by which she has aided and abetted the Kaiser while claiming neutrality, etc. Evidences of this are by no means wanting.

Jehu may type socialized Great Britain and United States, the two great democracies of earth, or socialized Italy, that is, after those nations come to be controlled by these radical elements.

In the foregoing we have been noticing what is taking


place among the nations (Daniel's Image), and the destruction of Papal power at the hands of the antitypical Jehu. Now, it might be asked where do the saints of God —  Elijah or Elisha — fit in these wonderful pictures? We answer: Jeremiah seems to typify the experiences of the true Church in these last days, even as Ezekiel. These two prophecies seem to be two pictures of the same events taking place at the close of the Gospel Age. Ezekiel pictures the doom of the false Church, Babylon, ecclesiasticism. While Jeremiah pictures the experiences of the true Church while Babylon is falling.

Refering briefly to Jeremiah's experiences we note that after writing a book (ch. 36, v. 2) he was cast into prison at the behest of the princes of the realm and the military authorities. (Ch. 38, v. 6.) While there in prison the Ethiopian eunuch with the jaw-breaking name, Ebed-melech, on his tour of inspection at the prison found Jeremiah, not in a cell, but in an unused reservoir full of mire and sunk up to his arm pits, and there likely to die. Ebed-melech reported the matter to the king. The king, not wishing Jeremiah to perish, ordered his release. (Ch. 38, v. 10.) Evidently Jeremiah was put into the pit of mire without the king's knowledge, supposing he was to be merely restrained of his liberties, but not destroyed. This is implied in the reply of Ebed-melech. "It is an evil (wrong, contrary to orders) thing they have done to Jeremiah." (Ch. 38, v. 9.)

This pit of mire very well illustrates the mud slinging tactics of our enemies who have sought to destroy our work and influence (kill us antitypically) by making us appear disreputable, unpatriotic, pro-German, etc. We are just now emerging from this condition, still somewhat mussed up in the public estimation, but freed from any present danger of being destroyed, no longer "likely to die."

Jeremiah remained "in the court of the prison" (ch. 37:21 and 39:14) until the city fell. This seems to imply that the antitypical Jeremiah, while being released from prison awaiting a re-trial, will continue under bonds until the city (Babylon) falls and possibly a re-trial will be avoided, postponed, because to re-try this case now that war restraints are removed, would lay bare all Jezebel's (Papacy's) witchcrafts; how and why she was able to hinder these men from having their constitutional rights denied them. This she will not permit. Thus they may go beyond the vail into the Heavenly Kingdom while still "in the court of the prison" with the stigma of arrest and incarceration still resting upon them.


Why stand we idle? Has the ringing Word,
"The Kingdom is at hand," now lost its worth?
The hearts of eager audiences stirred
At welcome tidings of the Kingdom's birth
But for a little time. O'er all the earth
Think you, so soon, the listening peoples heard?

Or have we lost our zeal? In times of old
"Thy Word," the Prophet said, "was in my heart
Like to a burning flame I could not hold
Till the glad Word flew speeding like a dart.
Shall it be said it had no power to start
Consuming zeal in our hearts blunt and cold?

Great men of God have labored for His cause,
Have suffered, and have died, and known no fear.
So that the knowledge of His holy laws
Should be proclaimed. Today stands very near
A prison "sepulchre" which, "garnished" here
With honeyed words, yet no like witness draws!

What shall we answer to these righteous men
When we account for silent week on week?
What shall we answer to the Master when
He comes His faithful servants again to seek.
And finds the Word He gave to us to SPEAK
Lay buried in a napkin until then?

 — Mary Barber.

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