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January 1919 IBSA Convention Report


Discourse by Pilgrim Brother M. L. Herr

Friday Afternoon, Jan. 3, 1919


Brother HerrWE will take for our text the well-known words of Psalms 91: 4: "He shall cover thee with His feathers, and under His wings shall thou trust. His truth shall be thy shield and buckler." Not only do we recognize the beauty of this picture but we perceive that the Lord has given us in this text something specially needed for the present time. The Lord always provides for our needs as He promised, "My God shall supply all your need, according to His riches in glory by Christ Jesus," Phil. 4:19. We believe that there is in this verse and in other Scriptures, which we shall examine together, a present moment message.

Both beautiful and tender feelings are awakened by the picture of the bird-mother and her little ones. When she covers them with her feathers she takes them very close to her heart just as the Lord at the present time is taking His faithful children very near to His heart, into His very close confidence. In Rev. 12:14 the two wings of a great eagle are mentioned as provided for the Church during her wilderness experience and the Scriptures tell us that it represents the Old and the New Testaments provided by the Lord for her during the period represented by Elijah's three and a half years in the wilderness. See G comment also on Rev. 2:20. In G comment on Ezek. 1:11 we are told that the two wings with which the living ones covered their bodies represent the Word of God, one function of which is to cover and protect.

What thoughts of warmth and comfort are suggested by the word "cover" so expressively symbolized by a bird's two wings. The wee birdies under the mother's two wings are shielded from danger and from cold. The more we observe how our loving Creator has employed this protecting, covering principle the more we appreciate this element of His character. The roots of tender herbage are covered in winter with a coverlet of snow. Every organ of our bodies is protected by a covering encasement. The beings higher than angels are commissioned to act as protectors for other beings of a lower order as we read Ezek. 28:14, "Thou art the annointed cherub that covereth." As we examine the Scripture testimony we will not fail to see how like the little ones close to the mother's heart are God's little ones whom He covers with His feathers.

In this 91st Psalm how expressively the Lord pictures the present hour. A time when we need refuge from a


storm. A time when there would be danger from snares set by the fowler. A time of attack when poisoned arrows even bitter words would endanger our spiritual safety. Even in ancient time they knew how to spread contagious diseases by infected arrows. How effective is our Father's Word as a shield against the poison of fear and doubt. "His truth shall be thy shield and buckler." If once the poison of fear gains entrance disease is introduced that becomes contagious. How important that we provide ourselves with the antiseptic protection of the truth.

The bird-mother gives a signal of danger to her brood and that is her method of protecting them. What a sensible method it is for she merely calls, "cluck, cluck, cluck," and they know that means come to the safe-place under my wings, and without asking for other information they obey the signal and are safe and warm where no harm can come to them. This is the picture the Lord uses to tell us how we should do. When the Lord calls us to the wings of His Word we find safety and protection. How differently some of the Lord's people think that we should do. These seem to think that safety comes from filling the mind with pictures of dangers. Have we not heard some brother say when convention is closing: "Now, friends, we have had a glorious time, but as soon as we get home trials, hard trials will begin," and the way the brother says it makes you feel as if you were being given a cold shower-bath. I don't believe that is pictured here. We do not have a picture of the bird-mother telling her chicks: "See what terrible claws the hawk has. If the hawk ever gets hold of you he will crush you frightfully. Look at his sharp hooked beak. Think of how you would feel to have him tear you to small pieces with his sharp beak." That is one way of causing the little birds to flee to the shelter of her wings but with their poor little hearts throbbing with terror. In their agitation they cannot so well enjoy her cover as by the way nature provides for them. How much better the simple danger-signal "cluck, cluck, cluck." Come to safety. No terror, no alarm. That is the Lord's way and the other way is not of the Lord.

How slow have some of the Lord's people been to discard some kind of lingering fear. Before the truth came the bugaboo was that awful, terrible PLACE. I remember how grandmother used to hide behind the door and making a rapping noise would groan in a deep voice: "I am the BAD MAN. When boys are bad I get them. There is a bad boy I am going to get soon." What a terror it was, just to think of it. We got away from that bugaboo when the truth came. But we didn't get away from every bugaboo. There were a lot of truth-people who put the same hell-fire fear into the things they would tell about 1914 and the awful things that would happen in 1914. O what horrors hung around those awful figures "1914." Time has disillusioned us and we discover that our fears were in our disordered imagination and while some still attach a certain horror to terrible experiences that they imagine in connection with "The Image of the Beast" we are coming to the conclusion that there is something seriously wrong with this whole system of fear-thought and we conclude that it is no more wholesome to entertain than to frighten children with "the goblins'll ketch you if you don't watch out."

Let us ask ourselves: is the Lord holding before our minds these terrible pictures of awful things? St. Paul says: "That I might finish my course with joy!" Paul was en route for Jerusalem and they cried, "Paul, don't go down to Jerusalem. You will have a lot of trouble, Paul, don't go." He said: "I am willing to meet any trouble the Lord may permit to come. I wish to do the Lord's will. I am willing to die when that is the Lord's will. I expect to finish my course with joy." That is the thought we are to have concerning the future. The joy set before us.

I think of a story that illustrates how we have been feeling. You will not mistake the nationality of this gentleman. He valued his property very highly. In the middle of the night he found a burglar in his apartments. Before he could protect himself a revolver was thrust into his face. The burglar said: "You had better give me that silverware and be quick about it or you will die by a bullet." Our friend replied: " Mine friendt, I would far rather die py a bullet ridt avay qvwick, than to vaid und die py inches vatching you take avay my solid silvervare." O yes, some of us have been dying by inches imagining terrible things we are yet to go through. When 1914 did not end the Church's course on earth we said: "We had the date wrong. It is 1918." That is the date. And so in the spring of 1918 the Church must go beyond the vail. A certain Roman Catholic Secret Order will see to it that we go. We pictured, ourselves in line before a firing-squad and shot at sunrise. Now wasn't it a terrible thing for the Lord's people themselves to plan worse things for us than our enemies could think of? I believe it is time for us to conclude that we will let the adversary make his own program and we will offer him no suggestions. We will earnestly consult the program the Lord has made for us knowing that the adversary has had to make a new program over and over again. The reason for this is found in our text: "He shall cover thee with His feathers and under His wings shall thou trust. His truth shall be thy shield and buckler."

Probably the very greatest bugaboo held before the minds of the Lord's people in recent time is the fear of papacy. History records the fact that the Heavenly Father permitted this wicked religious system to accomplish against some of the Lord's holiest children painful and prolonged persecution. Her spirit remaining unchanged it is but reasonable that were she permitted the power she would again delight in the suffering of His saints. What a covering against our logical fear is the positive assurance of His Word.

When Satan heard the Divine pronouncement, "The seed of the woman shall bruise thy head, thou shalt bruise His heel," Gen. 3:15, Satan was filled with a paroxysm of fear. He knew it was a serious thing to him to have his head bruised. In his wickedness he seems to have greatly exaggerated the part relating to the Christ. "Thou shalt bruise His heel." He has sought to innoculate the Lord's people with the same fear that terrifies himself, leading some to anticipate things that will never occur according to the Lord's program. This picture of bruising the heel has been made to mean a lot of terrible things the Lord never intended that it should be made to picture. The heel is not a vital part of the body and it would seem more reasonable to take from this picture the thought that the worst injury Satan could inflict upon the Christ — the seed of the woman — would result in no serious injury. It is Satan who will suffer serious injury. "He shall bruise thy head."

Stop and think who is interested in having the Lord's people fear, the Lord or Satan? When we put it that way we have no trouble to easily decide. It is Satan. Let us then put fear aside. I believe the time has come that we should see from the Word of God what the Scriptures so clearly and plainly point out that this false religious system is soon to perish from the earth in order that the remaining features of the Harvest work might be accomplished. Notice how forcefully Daniel pictures it: "And I looked until the Beast was slain, and his body destroyed and given to the burning flame." Dan. 7:11. I wonder if we can get that divinely provided picture into its proper place. I believe the Lord expects us to do so.

There are many things which we expected to occur that have never come to pass. No power on earth can cause the Church to go beyond the vail before she has finished the work the Lord has given the Church to do. Why do we conclude that the Church must die by violence? Couldn't we get into the Kingdom were we to die by influenza? We do not have to wait for this wicked religious system to give us our passports into the Kingdom. We have been making a lot of needless inferences. We are learning to more fully trust the Word of the Lord. (AUDIENCE — "Good.")

There are certain Scriptures brought to our attention by The Watch Tower of August 1, 1918, relating to the service of the Church toward the great company and other believers as pictured in Joseph and his brethren. Which clearly show that the Christ still in the flesh has an important service still future. Joseph was king, but a peculiar kind of king. He told his brethren to tell his father about his great glory in Egypt. The Christ is to be glorified while yet this side of the vail. The glory will be like the glory of Joseph. The glory of providing food in a time of famine,


for his brethren who except for his provision would perish.

I wish everybody had a Bible with them this afternoon. As I wish some readings I have asked a brother to read from the comments of the Bible and another to read certain Scriptures that I shall cite. We will notice how positively the Scriptures indicate the complete downfall of our great enemy, Babylon. We will go back in the Bible history to the time when in Old Testament pictures she was represented by Jezebel. Our dear Brother Graham gave us some suggestions as to the present-hour fulfillment of these types. Ahab was the King of Israel and Jezebel, his wife, daughter of a heathen king introduced Baal-worship amongst the Lord's people. Elijah was the prophet of the Lord. Elijah told Ahab that there would be no rain for three and one-half years. During this time of famine the Lord provided for Elijah. "And the Word of the Lord came unto him saying, get thee hence and turn thee eastward, and hide thyself by the brook Cherith, that is before Jordan. And it shall be that thou shalt drink of the brook and I have commanded the ravens to feed thee there. . . . And the ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morning and bread and flesh in the evening, and he drank of the brook." 1 Kings 17 :2-6.

(Reading of Bible Comments by Brother Hazlett):

1 Kings 16 :29, And Ahab. Type of the Roman Empire. B256.

1 Kings 16:31, His wife Jezebel. Type of the Apostate Church of Rome. B256.

1 Kings 17:1, And Elijah. Type of the true Church in the flesh. B256.

1 Kings 17:16, Bread and flesh. Typifying the Lord's care of the true Church during the time she was hiding from Papacy. Z98-191. The ravens probably took these from the bazaars of Jerusalem or Jericho.

1 Kings 17:17, No rain in the land. Typifying the lack of truth, the living water, during 1260 years (3½ times) of papal persecution. B256.

Here we have the Lord's care over his people manifest both in Elijah the type and in the true Church in the flesh in the antitype.

1 Kings 18:41, Abundance of rain. Typifying the millions of Bibles published and issued shortly after the end of the papal power in 1799. B256.

1 Kings 19:1, And Ahab. Type of the Roman Empire. B256.

1 Kings 19:1, Told Jezebel. Type of the Apostate Church of Rome and of the so-called Protestant sects imbued with her false spirit since the year 1799. B256.

We notice that after 1799 Jezebel pictures more than the Apostate Church of Rome and includes in the type the entire system of Babylon, including Protestantism, so-called. We all remember what happened to Jezebel or if we do not we will know by the time we are through with this discourse. I will ask Brother Payne to read 1 Kings 19:1-3, "And Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done and withal how he had slain all the prophets with the sword. Then Jezebel sent a messenger unto Elijah: So let the gods do to me and more also if I make not thy life as the life of one of them by tomorrow about this time. And when he saw that he arose and went for his life and came to Beersheba."

After 1799 the truth went forth with power. Bibles by millions were scattered everywhere. Previous to this time the great Reformation movement occurred which seems to have been forshadowed by Elijah's experience with the prophets of Baal. Through Ahab all the prophets of Baal were assembled at Mt. Carmel. Elijah and the Baal prophets each provided a sacrifice of a bullock. The test was to prove who was the true God, for no fire was to be put under the sacrifice and the god answering by fire would be recognized as the true God. All day long the Baal prophets besought their god to vindicate himself and to answer by fire, hut no fire came. Provokingly Elijah derided them. Having become hoarse with their loud crying it was no little aggravation to be told: "Cry a little louder, Baal may be sleeping or possibly he may be on a journey." Elijah had a deep trench dug around his altar. He had twelve barrels of water poured over the sacrifice and the wood. "Then the fire of the Lord fell and consumed the burnt sacrifice and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench. And when all the people saw it, they fell on their faces and they said, the Lord He is the God; the Lord He is the God." And Elijah said unto them. Take the prophets of Baal; let not one of them escape. And they took them. And Elisha brought them down to the brook Kishon and slew them there. 1 Kings 18:38-40.

Comment on 1 Kings 18:40:

1 Kings 18:40: "And slew them there. Representing the punishments visited upon the Papacy at the end of the three and one-half symbolic times." (1260 literal years.) B256

Beersheba, to which Elijah fled from Jezebel, is the southern extremity of the land of Israel as Dan is the northern extremity, hence the expression "from Dan to Beersheba." But Elijah seeking more complete isolation went a day's journey into the wilderness. "And as he lay and slept under a juniper tree behold an angel touched him, and said unto him, Arise and eat. And he looked, and behold there was a cake baken on the coals, and a cruse of water at his head. . . . And he arose and did eat and drink and went in the strength of that meat forty days and forty nights unto Horeb the Mount of God." 1 Kings 19:5-8.

We have learned who was the angel of the Laodicean period of the Church. We also know something of the ready-to-eat food which that angel showed the Church. I have no difficulty in identifying the forty day period as in antitype being the period 1878 to 1918 — the period of the Harvest. I also believe that I would receive a uniform reply were I to ask who was represented in the angel who showed Elijah the cake all nicely baked ready to eat. (AUDIENCE, enthusiastically: "Pastor RUSSELL.") Yes, he was the messenger (angel) who provided the cake or truth in the strength of which the Elijah journeyed from 1878 to 1918. And 1918 found us in the very condition which Mt. Horeb pictured.

Comment Reading:

1 Kings 19:8. Unto Horeb. Mt. Sinai, type of the Kingdom of God. Z04-232.

Elijah went from Beersheba to Mt Sinai (the place where Moses' face was transformed and shone radiantly). Elijah high up on the mountain was very lonely. Did we not have a sense of isolation spring and summer of 1918? "And he came thither unto a cave and lodged there; and, behold the Word of the Lord came to him and he said unto him What doest thou here, Elijah? And he said, I have been very jealous for the Lord God of hosts: for the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life to take it away. And he said, Go forth and stand upon the Mount before the Lord. And behold the Lord passed by and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks before the Lord; but the Lord was not in the wind; and after the wind an earthquake; but the Lord was not in the earthquake; and after the earthquake a fire: but the Lord was not in the fire; and after the fire a still small voice. And it was so, when Elijah heard it that he wrapped his face in his mantle and went out and stood in the entering in of the cave. And behold, there came a voice unto him, and said, WHAT DOEST THOU HERE, ELIJAH?"

We cannot fail to note that under the peculiar circumstances surrounding Elijah he could hardly be expected to obtain a correct view of matters until informed by the Lord. We can easily trace a correspondence between our experience, 1918, and the experiences of Elijah. Like Elijah we were expecting to die and like Elijah we saw little to live for since to every appearance our work in the flesh was done. But today the Lord asks us the same question, "What are you able to do in the place you now find yourself?" Elijah could well have said that in this place of isolation there was nothing one could do. But the Lord was leading Elijah to discover that there were still important matters that only the Church in the flesh could do. Let us bring before our mind Elijah's surroundings when he stood in the entering in to the cave. Nothing but dark-


ness around him and damp cold rocky sides of the cave. Snails, lizards and bats the only living things in sight. I believe we can appreciate Elijah's surroundings as we recall how we felt in summer, 1918. We felt very much like Elijah and our surroundings seemed very hard and cold and we felt very much shut in with our liberties of public utterance greatly restrained.

Did you ever see a wind so powerful that broke into pieces the rocks of the mountains? Then Elijah saw something that you and I never saw. For this is what Elijah saw when he was in that isolate place on the mountain. Once when standing on a high mountain, Mount Tom in Massachusetts, observing the mighty rocks that project from the sides of that mountain, I tried to picture a wind powerful enough to break these rocks into pieces. I could not imagine so strong a wind and you could not imagine it either. But Elijah saw a wind rend the mountains and break the rocks into pieces. Our Brother Graham told us that the mountains represented the strong autocratic empires of Europe. That the wind represented the war 1914-1918 and that the separation of the rent empires into smaller republics was the fulfilment of this prophetic picture. Now let us see what we have learned from our Bible comments: Elijah represents (AUDIENCE "The Church in the flesh) ; Mountains represent (AUDIENCE "Kingdoms") ; Wind represents (AUDIENCE "War").

So the prophetic picture represents the Church in the flesh witness a division of some of the autocratic empires of Europe into smaller government with a popular form of government. Did we see this in 1918? "Why, yes," you say, "we witnessed this very thing." Now what does the earthquake represent? (AUDIENCE "Revolution"). That is just what Elijah saw, "And after the wind an earthquake." "Earth" in Scripture language represents society and earthquake represents great social changes. The Elijah class are witness to this also. But we are witness to even more than this. A measure of anarchy has already appeared but evidently not the prophetic period of anarchy. In 1898 our pastor gave us the wonderful exposition of this Scripture given in the preface of Studies 7.

Twice the Lord asks of Elijah, "What doest thou here, Elijah?" We stop to think what are we now doing. Some one says: "We are studying; but there is nothing to do." Elijah could have said the same thing, "Lord, I am doing nothing." But Elijah in his loneliness gave expression to that which was directly on his mind, "And I alone am left." But the Lord more correctly informed Elijah. "I have left me 7000 in Israel who have not bowed the knee unto Baal." 1 Kings 19:18.


1 King 19:18, 7000 in Israel. Representing thousands in the nominal systems today who are not in sympathy with the errors there taught but are merely confused and blinded.

1 Kings 19:9, What doest thou. The Lord's people are not to be idle. Z98-207.

1 Kings 19:9, here. The Lord's people are not to stay in a place where they cannot do anything. Z98-207.

Do you think we are going to stay in a place of isolation forever? Some one says: "Our work is over and there is nothing more for us to do." Yes, brother, the work we once did is over, but let us not hastily conclude that the Lord has nothing more that we are to do. How about those thousands in Babylon who have not bowed the knee to Baal? Do we notice what the Lord said to Elijah. "And the Lord said unto Elijah, GO." Has the Lord not given us this Scripture to indicate His commission to the Church in the flesh? When Elijah learned that the Lord had something for him to do it did not take Elijah long to GO from his isolation. Three things were given Elijah to do; "And the Lord said unto him, Go, return on thy way to the wilderness of Damascus: and when thou comest, anoint Hazael to be king over Syria. And Jehu the son of Nimshi shalt thou anoint to be king over Israel: and Elisha the son of Shaphot of Abelmehota shalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy room." 1 Kings 19:15, 16.

Let us now note what Pastor Russell says about the work of Elijah. We quote from Vol. 2, pages 251-253:

"And thus John the Baptist and his disciples engaged in the same work with and under him, in attempting to convert Israel and to prepare them to receive Messiah, represented the real Elijah (the true Christian Church), whose work has been to attempt the conversion of the world before the coming of Messiah to the world, the spiritual Lord of glory and King of kings. John the Immerser, in the spirit and power of Elijah, failed to reform Israel, and, as a consequence (Matt. 27 :12) Israel rejected Jesus in the flesh and brought upon themselves a great 'day of vengeance' trouble and wrath. (Luke 21:22.) So likewise, only on the larger scale, the real and greater Elijah has failed to convert and prepare the world to receive the King of Glory, and now consequently, the great day of wrath must come upon the world, to melt and mellow and humble and prepare all to cry out from the heart, Hosannah! Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Jehovah. John, at the first advent was really a finishing out of the type begun in the person and work of Elijah."

Both the John and the Elijah work was a work for the people. It ended with John's beheading. It did not continue after the beheading of John the Baptist. A careful reading of the foregoing quotation will leave no question as to the meaning of the picture of the beheading of John the Baptist. John's work was a public service to the entire nation. It completely ended with his beheading. It never was resumed by his literal body reanimated and acting as a headless body; on the contrary (Matt. 14:12) "and his disciples came and took up the body and buried it." John's work like the publicity work of the Christ in the flesh of which his public service was a type closed with three distinctly marked episodes: (1) Its gradual decrease. (2) John's imprisonment. (3) John's beheading on the king's birthday. It is not difficult to mark three corresponding episodes in the close of the publicity work of the Church in the flesh — the Elijah: (1) A gradual decrease in public activity. (2) Great restraint in liberty to proclaim publicly. (3) Absolute ceasing of the public message after July 1, 1918. It took both the John type and the Elijah type to picture the Church's experience Spring of 1918.

A feature of the experience that does not appear in the John picture is shown when Elijah is carried aloft by a cyclone. We all know that a cyclone struck us in 1918. For a time we imagined it would be the end of our stay on earth. Our supposition was that this was the only possible interpretation of the whirlwind that took Elijah to Heaven. When we received August 1 Watch Tower and we saw the Church as the Joseph class, food-provider for the Great Company and for the other believers, we perceived the sense in which Joseph was to be king, Jehovah's representative in matters spiritual. King over the food provisions and their dispenser to the family. We saw that the faithful witness for the truth accomplished by the Church in the flesh (Elijah) when we declared that great judgments from the Lord were about to come upon Christendom would indeed be generally recognized after those judgments had actually been visited upon Babylon. We also saw that the persecution heaped upon the Elijah (John the Baptist), especially upon the executive head of this class, would in time react to the esteem and recognition of these as true servants of the Lord. Even though these are not all accomplished facts as yet before it has actually been accomplished the Christ in the flesh "See" Elijah aloft. With this the Elijah picture ends and "Elisha saw him no more." Elisha in this thought does not picture a different class but a different office (service) for the Christ in the flesh after the Elijah work is done.

A short time since I saw a picture of Irvin Gillette in an Edison Phonograph record catalogue. I recognized it as the same face marked Henry Burr in the Columbia catalogue. He is the gentleman who sang the angelophone hymns. I noticed that the Gillette records were secular while the Burr records were sacred music. "I observe," I said, "he is the same soloist acting in different service, just like Elijah when declaring the judgments upon Babylon and Elisha when giving food to Benjamin and the rest of Joseph's brethren. Both services done by the Christ in the flesh." We shared in the Elijah work when we assisted in the publicity service Spring of 1918 and we are hoping to have a share in the Elisha work of making the poisoned


springs pure. 2 Kings 2:19-22. It will probably take twice as much of the Master's spirit to do the Elisha work as it took to do the Elijah work. This is made evident by the fact that some counted worthy to do the Elijah work seem to have since lost much of the spirit of the truth and are not today walking in the light.

We observe (2 Kings 9:1) that Elisha does what the Lord commanded Elijah to do. This is not difficult to understand when we take the position that both type the Christ in the flesh. So the command of the Lord given when still the Elijah work was being done is carried into execution. After that work was completed and during the period that the work pictured by Elisha was due to be done. Elisha anoints Jehu and dashing, impetuous Captain Jehu becomes fiery fearless King Jehu who was informed at the lime that he was anointed that he was commissioned of the Lord to avenge the blood of God's servants who suffered at the hand of Jezebel. He was also told that the whole house of Ahab must perish. Joram son of Ahab and Jezebel is the reigning king of Israel whom Jehu is to displace.

Page 393, Vol. 7, we read, "The Hebrews were divided into ten tribes (Israel) thoroughly infected by pagan beliefs and (Judah) holding more closely to Jehovah. In antitype when both Israel and Judah are mentioned and the prophecy is intended for an anti-typical fulfilment Israel signifies the papacy and Judah signifies established Protestantism." This furnishes us with a key to the correct anti-typical significance of the two kings of 2 Kings 9:21-29. Joram, king of Israel, and Ahaziah, king of Judah, who in a war-alliance came out to attack Jehu. We have no difficulty to discover in the autocratic governments of Europe, two nations both successors to the old Roman Empire who were in a war-alliance; one supporting Catholicism and the other supporting Protestatism. Austria corresponds to Israel and Germany to Judah. Nor is it difficult in the least to trace in the experiences of Austria that which corresponds in a remarkable degree to the experiences of Joram king of Israel.

"And it came to pass when Joram saw Jehu that he said: 'Is it peace, Jehu?' and he answered, 'What peace so long as the whoredoms of thy mother, Jezebel, and her witchcrafts are so many?' And Joram turned his hands and fled and said to Ahaziah, 'There is treachery, O Ahaziah.' And Jehu drew a bow with his full strength and smote Joram between his arms and the arrow went out at his heart and he sank down in his chariot." 2 Kings 9:22-24. Who could fail to see in the complete collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire a remarkable correspondence to this record? Nor is the record less remarkable when applied to Germany, "And when Ahaziah, the King of Judah, saw this he fled by the way of the garden house and Jehu followed after him and said: 'Smite him also in the chariot.' And he did so at the going up to Sur which is by Ibleam, and he fled to Megiddo and died there." It is quite within probability that wounded Germany will come to a complete end in Armageddon.

When Jezebel learned that her son Joram was killed and his ally Ahaziah she well knew she had good reason to fear Jehu.

Painting her face and tiring her hair was an expedient as was also her act of looking out of a window. We could not possibly think of a window without taking into account the wall in which the window is placed. Jezebel has sought to make for herself a conspicuous niche in the wall of war -defenses in non-autocratic governments. Wall signifies governmental defense. See comment on Jer. 51:44. It could not be the wall of Germany or Austria for the walls of these autocratic governments have fallen as Jer. 51:44 predicted they would fall. It must therefore be in non-autocratic war-defenses that Jezebel has sought to show her painted face and her queenly head-display. But can autocratic Babylon be really at heart interested in the support of democratic principles? This attempt to deceive is represented in her painted face and it requires a lot of paint to make the old lady even appear to be beautiful. She is not beautiful. Those who see her before she is painted know she is not beautiful. Those who assist her put on the paint and see the ludicrous make-up know what a wicked deception it is and in their hearts cannot but loathe her.

The eunuchs represent those who assisted her fix her hair and put on her paint. They could not have esteem for her for no one who knew the utter wickedness and corrupt selfishness they must see at close range, could other than thoroughly despise so corrupt a system. So when Jehu called from below "Who is on my side, who?" they looked out to him so as to say: "We know what she really is, command us." So he commanded, "Throw her down!" And they threw her down as though they were glad for the opportunity, having doubtless suffered from her tyranny.

"And when he was come in he did eat and drink, and said, Go, see now this cursed woman, and bury her: for she is a king's daughter. And they went to bury her: but they found no more of her than the skull and the feet, and the palms of her hands. Wherefore they came again and told him. And he said, This is the Word of the Lord which he spake by his servant Elijah, the Tishbite, saying, In the portion of Jezreel shall dogs eat the flesh of Jezebel. And the carcass of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel. So that they shall not say, This is Jezebel." Kings 9:34-37. 1 Kings 21:23 records this prophecy that Jehu now recognizes as not only uttered by Elijah but now actually fulfilled to the letter. When the anti-typical Jezebel is thrown down and eaten up by the radical elements thousands beside the anti-type of Jehu will recognize that the Bible students long since foresaw and foretold from Scripture prophecy that while the wall (civil authority) is intact Babylon will fall not at the hands of the radical elements, only too glad to eat her up after she has fallen, but at the hand of her own caretakers, represented by the eunuchs. It is interesting to note how this picture harmonizes with the picture given. Rev. 16:19, "And great Babylon came in remembrance before God to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath," Notice also that this was necessary before the great hail of v21. Hitherto Babylon has prevented the putting forth of the "hail." Rev. 17:12-16 tells how a short "hour" of reigning with the beast will be too intimate an acquaintance with the corrupt system to endure, "these shall hate the whore and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh and burn her with fire." Rev. 18:21 tells how the common people at first believed her claim to be a friend of popular interests so they lift her to heights of popular esteem. They too discover her real self-interested corrupt character and from the heights of popular favor to which they have lifted her they hurl her to destruction, "Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be THROWN DOWN, and shall be found no more at all."

We must not overlook the completeness of Jehu's work nor how thoroughly he accomplished all assigned him by the Lord when through the Lord's commission he was given office for this designed purpose. Chap. 10 tells how justly he dealt with the house of Ahab, offering to Joram's successor opportunity for defense. There were seventy prospective kings — Ahab's sons. The persons who had these princes in charge well knew that they could not maintain a defense. "Two kings stood not before you." Autocracy must utterly perish. The entire seventy princes were beheaded and the house of Ahab, all that remained to represent the old Roman Empire, was destroyed. Autocracy ceased all claims to power on the earth. Who can fail to see earth's new king preparing for the establishment of principles of righteousness?


2 Kings 10:18, Baal, or Bel. Type of the God of Babylon the Pope. D40.

See also comment Jer. 5l :44.

Jehu directs his efforts against Baal worship by assuming great respect for Baal. He assembles all the prophets of Baal but specifies that they see that there be none of the prophets of the Lord amongst them. All the Baal prophets were present. He stationed his eighty captains outside assuring them that if one escaped his life would go for the one that he let escape. He issued orders, "Slay every prophet of Baal" and every prophet of Baal was slain. Bring forth the images of Baal and destroy them, and the images were destroyed. Dishonor the house of Baal, and


they defiled the house of Baal. So the worship of Baal ceased from the people of the Lord.

The Word of God is amazingly specific in its utterances concerning Babylon. Not only in the prophecy of Isaiah but in the minor prophets, as in Jonah, the Lord instructs concerning Babylon. In Nineveh and in the withholding of judgment after repentance we have pictured what would have been the experience had Babylon repented. Matt. 12:41. But Babylon did not repent as did Nineveh. Now nothing can prevent the coming of Divine judgment upon her. Isa, 20:20-21 informs us: "Come, my people, enter thou into thy chambers and shut thy doors about thee: hide thyself as it were for a little moment, until the indignation be overpast. For behold the Lord cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity, the earth also shall disclose her blood and shall no more cover her slain." It is only great Babylon though that in the Scripture has such an enormity of iniquity that Jehovah has such an account against her. "In her was found the blood of prophets and of saints and of all that were slain on the earth." Rev. 18:24. This is the blood that she shall disclose when judgments come upon her. "Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works. In the cup which she hath filled fill to her double." Rev. 18:6.

The preaching of Jesus immediately following the beheading of John the Baptist seems to parallel the experience of the Church in the period corresponding. "And the apostles gathered themselves together unto Jesus and told him all things both what they had done and what they had taught. And he said unto them come ye yourselves apart into a desert place, and rest awhile: for there were many coming and going, and they had no leisure so much as to eat." Mark 6:30, 31. How wonderfully is here pictured our experiences when engaged in our active publicity work, "No leisure so much as to eat" Now in the desert place apart we have time to eat the rich spiritual food the Lord is providing and by this we are being prepared for the future service. An unnumbered host hungry to be fed came to Jesus and the disciples in this desert place. The supply on hand was amplified and 5000 men beside women and children were fed. The Great Company and many beside are to be fed with the food the Christ in the flesh have in supply. What glorious work this side of the vail awaits the Christ when hindering Babylon is no longer in the way to hinder. How comforting to every true child of the Lord to realize "He shall cover thee with His feathers and under His wings shalt thou trust. His truth shall be thy shield and buckler. (APPLAUSE.)

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