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Jehovah's Witnesses In The Divine Purpose


Reorganizing for Active Service

JOHN: When the Society began to be freed for further preaching work following World War I, they soon realized they had been held in spiritual bondage too in many ways. There were many false doctrines and practices that had not yet been cleaned out of the organization. Not all of them were recognized at once, but gradually over the years that followed it became evident to what extent the brothers had been in Babylonish captivity at that time. With considerable misunderstanding they had accepted earthly political governments as the "superior authorities" that God had ordained according to Romans 13:1; and as a result the Witnesses had been held in fear of man, particularly the civil rulers.a

Besides, many were putting emphasis on so-called "character development," in the belief that there were certain saving qualities in their self-merit, b and there was considerable creature worship in the organization. c Furthermore, such pagan holidays as Christmas were being celebrated, d and even the symbol of the cross was used as a sign of Christian devotion. e Also, although the name Jehovah was used from time to time, it was held in the background and its true significance not brought to light. Organizationally the Witnesses were still practicing the democratic style of local congregation government. f In other words, it was a time of everyone's doing what was considered right in his own eyes, and the entire arrangement was a loose association without theocratic direction. The changeover in thinking had been so striking in many ways, from the 1870's down to 1918, that these tainted bonds of false conceptions and practices, inherited from the pagan traditions adopted by Christendom, had slipped by unnoticed by the brothers.

Now from the year 1919 a glorious new outlook presented itself. These dedicated servants began to recognize their mistakes and make a public confession of their wrongdoing in their effort to seek Jehovah's forgiveness and be restored to his favor, which they realized had temporarily been lost. They repented of their former course, expressed the desire to change their ways and prayed for Jehovah's forgiveness. They recognized a compromise had been made by cutting out pages 247-253 of The Finished Mystery in order to please those who had assumed the position of censor. g Another compromise was made as revealed in The Watch Tower of June 1, 1918.


In accordance with the resolution of Congress of April 2nd, and with the proclamation of the President of the United States of May 11, it is suggested that the Lord's people everywhere make May 30th a day of prayer and supplication. h

The expressions that followed in this announcement did not display the proper neutrality of the Christian; and while the hope was presented that blessings to mankind would come through the restitution promised by God, still the concluding words of the announcement may have left doubt in the minds of many not fully acquainted with their strictly Scriptural responsibility.

Let there be praise and thanksgiving to God for the promised glorious outcome of the war, the breaking of the shackles of autocracy, the freeing of the captives (Isaiah 61:1) and the making of the world safe for the common people—blessings all assured by the Word of God to the people of this country and of the whole world of mankind. i

A further display of lack of appreciation of the singleness of purpose to which a Christian must be devoted was their engaging in enterprises of a nonreligious nature. j


As concrete evidence of their determination to pursue a course of right doing in their forward movement against continued opposition, the Society's president spoke at the 1919 convention in September on the stirring subject "Blessed Are the Fearless," which appeared as a two-part article in The Watch Tower that same year. We'll read one of the concluding paragraphs.

Summing up the argument of PARTS I and II of this subject, we find that God foreordained a little flock to be developed during the Gospel age to whom he would have great pleasure in giving the kingdom; that he has been developing that class throughout the Gospel age and particularly in the harvest period thereof, and that he has been teaching them by pictures, types and illustrations, as well as by direct statements, that the class to whom he purposes giving this grand and wonderful prize will be those whose faith and confidence in him is absolute, and who are without fear of man or man-made institutions and whose love is perfect. Viewing the church's situation, then, in the light of the Scriptures, and in the light of the events that have transpired during the past year, and knowing that through much tribulation must the Kingdom class enter in, let everyone who is now in the race for the prize of the high calling gird up the loins of his mind and be sober and wait for the command of the Lord, the Captain of our salvation, ready, willing, and anxious at all times to obey that command at the cost of reputation, good name, fame, riches, or even life itself. k

LOIS: After what the Witnesses had been through, that would take real faith, wouldn't it?

JOHN: Yes, and it brought new life to the awakening organization. New meaning was given to their work and a further incentive to maintain their integrity and stand firm for pure worship. With this spiritual refreshment a changed condition began to develop. TOM: It seems to me the postwar distribution of The Finished Mystery or "ZG" that you told us about would require a fearless attitude. I'm not sure, if I had been treated the way some of the Witnesses were for distributing copies of it, that I would be so willing to start in on a big campaign with it right away.

JOHN: Well, it was an extremely successful effort and the brothers displayed courage even though the government had officially lifted its objection to the book. 1 But that wasn't the only evidence of fearlessness displayed. In 1920 the Society printed and distributed a special issue of The Golden Age that was so "hot" a few of the brothers refused to take part in its distribution. m It was called by the brothers "GA No. 27," which was the symbol for The Golden Age and the number of this particular issue.

But little serious opposition was en-


countered during the period from 1919 to 1922. In fact, it proved to be a time of recuperation for God's servants following the world war. Jehovah was protecting his people and preparing them for a tremendous campaign that was due to begin in 1922. The clue is found in the conclusion of the two-part article "Blessed Are the Fearless." The next to the last paragraph in the final article says:

This little band of Christians are fighting the greatest fight of all times. There will never be another like it. The great God of the universe has arranged it; the great Redeemer, the King of kings and Lord of lords, is the Captain and Leader of this little band. We know that he is absolutely certain of victory, and we therefore know that after being called and chosen to run in this race, if we continue faithful, fearless, prompted by love in our actions, serving him at every possible opportunity loyally to the end, we shall ultimately stand victors with him and hear the approval of the Father, "Well done, good and faithful servants." Let us then fear not, for "the eternal God is our refuge and underneath are the everlasting arms." n

Then on the very next page of this August 15, 1919, issue of The Watch Tower appears an article entitled "Opportunities for Service."

The recognition of opportunities for service meant a reorganization of forces for Jehovah's servants in a twofold way, "that of foretelling the downfall of Babylon, and delivering denunciations against the same iniquitous power" and "the re-establishment of the truth and the Lord's people, as represented by the restoration of the temple worship and rebuilding of the city" of Jerusalem by Ezra and Nehemiah following ancient Israel's Babylonish captivity. o It meant not only a preparation to gather and care for still others to be drawn to the Lord for salvation but also a preparation to mark for destruction those who persistently refused to accept the Kingdom good news as a doctrine of salvation.


Now, during this time of regathering and strengthening of God's people as an expanding society devoted to the interests of Jehovah's new world, the governments of Satan's world were strengthening themselves, and several new societies were in process of development. All of these were opposed to the growing society composed of Jehovah's new-world representatives.

Back in January of 1918, in the very throes of World War I, the American president, Woodrow Wilson, proposed the League of Nations. The very next month, you will recall, the president of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, speaking for Jehovah's witnesses, began preaching the startling message "The World Has Ended—Millions Now Living May Never Die." Then, early in the following month, the Society's prominent representatives were arrested for preaching God's kingdom as the one and only hope for mankind. The issue was then plainly before the American churches of Christendom: God's kingdom or the League of Nations— which should professing Christians choose?

World War I ended in November, 1918, with victory for the democratic Allies, but Brother Rutherford and his associates were still in prison. The Paris Peace Conference was due to begin in January of 1919. The leading churches of Christendom in America declared their choice, but they confused the issue in order to make a compromise. On December 12, 1918, the executive committee of the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America held their annual meeting and endorsed President Wilson's plan for a League of Nations with a Declaration that contained the following remarkable statements. p

The war crisis of the world has passed, but a world crisis is upon us.... The time has come


to organize the world for truth and right, justice and humanity. To this end, as Christians we urge the establishment of a League of Free Nations at the coming Peace Conference. Such a League is not a mere political expedient; it is rather the political expression of the Kingdom of God on earth. . . . The heroic dead will have died in vain unless out of victory shall come a new earth wherein dwelleth righteousness. The Church has much to give and much to gain. It can give a powerful sanction by imparting to the new international order something of the prophetic glory of the Kingdom of God. . . . The Church can give a spirit of good-will, without which no League of Nations can endure. . . . The League of Nations is rooted in the Gospel. Like the Gospel, its objective is "peace on earth, good-will toward men." Like the Gospel, its appeal is universal. . . . We call upon all Christians and upon all believers in God and lovers of man, to work and pray with whole souls, that out of the ashes of the old civilization may rise the fair outlines of a new world, based on the Christ ideal of justice, cooperation, brotherhood and service.

A special commission made up of the president of the Federal Council and other representative leaders of the churches was appointed to convey that Declaration to the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. This special commission of churchmen is on record as having presented this Declaration to officials of the government in Paris, France. q

TOM: What were the other societies you spoke of? Was one of these communism?

JOHN: Yes. Following the revolution in 1917 communism, or Bolshevism, as it was first called, began to grow in power in Russia. But another force began to operate at this same time. Remember, the restoration of true worship in the last quarter of the nineteenth century followed upon a wave of revolutionary activity within Satan's earthly organization. However, throughout the nearly forty years that Jehovah's people had been declaring that the end of Gentile domination would come in 1914, strength was being poured back into the re-established Germanic Empire. Kaiser Wilhelm almost succeeded in restoring this empire to full power, but he was defeated and driven into exile.

However, in the course of the postwar years Germany became strong again. May, 1919, saw Adolf Hitler become a member of the Nazi party in Munich, Germany. Nazism's rise to power was slower than that of the Fascist movement in Italy, which had its origins in 1919 and which was destined to control Italy as the tool of Benito Mussolini by 1922. While the League of Nations was held out to the people as the hope for lasting peace and was supported by the clergy of Christendom, it was the power of Nazism and Fascism, backed by the power of papal Rome, that was to threaten the existence of the growing society of Jehovah's witnesses during the next two and a half decades.

Brought to life the same year, these two forces of Nazism and Fascism fought their way up together and, while the expanding society of Jehovah's witnesses, with its foundation in the pure worship of Jehovah, was softening the hearts of men toward God and his Word, the Nazi-Fascist-Catholic combine was playing a great part in hardening men's hearts into open hostility toward God and his true servants. And so was Bolshevism or communism.

To meet this onslaught soon due to begin, Jehovah occupied his people during the years 1919 to 1922 with a spiritual development and training necessary to equip them for what lay ahead.

TOM: That's why you said, then, that this period of 1919 to 1922 was significant to both Jehovah's witnesses and those opposing them. It was like the development of two organizations in opposition to each other.

JOHN: That's right, and it was a time of important changes to Jehovah's witnesses.



In the fall of 1919 there came the launching of the work with the new magazine The Golden Age. This magazine had been announced on Friday, September 5, 1919, during the Cedar Point convention discourse "to Co-laborers," delivered by the Society's then president, Brother Rutherford.

Little did God's people in 1919 know the significant part that the new instrument, The Golden Age, was to play in exposing the unholy combine of Nazi-Fascist-Catholic building. In the years that were to follow, numerous and powerful were the death-dealing blows that were to be dealt to this combine by articles and cartoons appearing in this courageous journal.

TOM: You mean like the GA No. 27? Was there some special arrangement in this work with this special issue?

JOHN: Yes, there was. An effort was being made to reach as many persons as possible. Around four million copies were printed and these were given away free or on a voluntary contribution of ten cents. Not only were they distributed from house to house but they were carried by the brothers and given to friends and chance acquaintances.

But the regular work with The Golden Age was carried on differently. As outlined in a pamphlet published by the Watch Tower Society in 1919,

THE GOLDEN AGE work is a house-to-house canvass with the kingdom message, proclaiming the day of vengeance of our God and comforting them that mourn. In addition to the canvass, a copy of THE GOLDEN AGE is to be left at each home, whether a subscription is taken or not. . . . Class workers will procure their samples from the Director. r

TOM: Was this director elected by the congregations as the elders had been?

JOHN: No. Those congregations desiring to participate in this new field of service opening up in 1919 were asked to register as a service organization with the Society. When the Society received these requests, the brothers at headquarters theocratically appointed one of the local number in the congregation to serve as the Society's appointee, to be known as the "director." He was not subject to local yearly election. This meant that for the first time authority was being taken away from the democratically controlled congregations under their "elective elders," and direction was to reside now, specifically, under the Society's international supervision. True, it was limited, but the visible theocratic organization got started with this arrangement. The director was to operate alongside the body of democratically elected elders who continued to control congregational studies and lectures in the usual manner.

TOM: It would seem to me that some of these elders might not take to that arrangement too readily.

JOHN: There was some resistance from those who were not progressive and who did not have a vision of the work that lay ahead. Some insisted on living in the past, in the time of Pastor Russell, when the brothers in general had viewed him as the sole channel of Scriptural enlightenment. It was the published and accepted thought down till 1927 that he was "that servant" of Matthew 24:45. s However, just as the Watch Tower Society had been the publisher of Bible truths in the days of Brother Russell, so it would continue to be used by Jehovah during this period of restoration of true worship. A warning was given to the brothers not to accept private interpretation and blindly follow self-styled leaders who were more interested in per-


sonal position than they were in the advancement of Kingdom service. Man-pleasing was to be avoided. t This, then, was the limit to which the Watch Tower Society extended its jurisdiction over the ruling affairs of the local congregations at that time. u

The following year the Society began to discourage some "elective elders" from the view that they comprised a local "board of directors" that could pursue an independent course without authority first being voted to them by the local congregation. This was an effort on the part of God's channel to clarify the relationship of the local elders to the congregations. v A plea was made for world-wide unity. Those in Britain were counseled to undertake the work in the same manner as carried on in America. w

The healthy spirit of the brothers is manifested in the response that was made to this new program of activity. The tightening up of preaching responsibility began in 1920 when everyone in the congregation who participated in the witness work was required to turn in a weekly report. Before 1918 only colporteurs or pioneers had reported their service activity. Definite territory assignments were being made to the congregations for their own field work. For the first year of reporting, 1920, there were 8,052 "class workers" and 350 pioneers. x Of the more than 1,200 American congregations, 980 were reported by 1922 as being fully reorganized to engage in the field service with 8,801 "class workers," that is, those who placed literature such as books, booklets and magazines on contribution by the obtainer. y


TOM: How was the work expanding outside the United States following the war?

JOHN: By this time press censorship upon the Watch Tower literature had been removed in Canada. This was effective January 1, 1920, and enabled the Bible Students there to join with their American brothers in an energetic campaign designed to advance the pure worship in their territory. z Also, the branch office was moved to Toronto. aa

On August 12, 1920, Brother Rutherford and a small party of associates sailed out of New York bound for Europe, where a series of assemblies was held in London, Glasgow and other British cities in which considerable interest was manifested. Brother Rutherford with some of the brothers then went to Egypt and Palestine, visiting other offices and classes of Bible Students and strengthening the work in these parts of the field. bb At these assemblies, and at later American conventions, Scriptural argument was given to show that now a new work was opening up and a campaign of still greater proportions was under way.

Following this visit, in his annual report, the Society's president wrote:

When the World War came on the cooperation in the work between the home office at Brooklyn and the branch offices throughout the world was very much hindered; and when in 1918 the persecution became so great in America, the relationship between the home and the foreign offices was practically severed. We are pleased to report, however, that since then the former relationship of union in activity, as well as in spirit, has been fully revived, and the work in foreign fields is progressing to the Lord's glory and to the edification of his people. No representative from the home office had been able to visit the European offices since 1914 until the present year, when the President of the Society, upon the urgent request of the foreign brethren and upon the advice of the Board of Directors at the home office, made a visit to Europe. . . .

The World War greatly disorganized the work in Central Europe; but we are happy to report that now the work is progressing rapid-


ly. On the occasion of the visit of the President of the Society to Central Europe, opportunity was taken to organize the work on a more efficient basis. After consultation with brethren from several of the countries it was deemed for the best interests of the work that a Central European office be opened, which was accordingly done. This office will be known as the Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society's Central European Office, and for the present will be located at Zurich, Switzerland; but it is expected that it will be moved shortly to Berne, Switzerland. The countries under the supervision of this office are Switzerland, France, Belgium, Holland, Germany, Austria, and Italy. . ..

Certain of the brethren, fully consecrated to the truth, organized a printing establishment in Switzerland and fully equipped it with good presses and fonts of type in many languages; and the Society has an unusually favorable arrangement with this printing concern for the publication of its European literature. This office is now preparing a quantity of literature for use in these countries; and during the recent visit of the President to Europe, printing orders were put on the presses in Great Britain, the Scandinavian countries, and Switzerland, and there are now completed or in course of preparation 550,000 volumes of the book, "Millions Now Living Will Never Die." cc

Brother Rutherford also disclosed in this report that the work was advancing in Syria, and plans were being made to send Witnesses down along the Nile River to preach to the Arab-speaking Christians there. He reported too that a Branch had been established in Ramallah, Palestine, within sight of the city of Jerusalem. dd

In 1921 expansion continued. The annual report listed eighteen foreign Branches, including the Central European Office serving seven countries. Circling around the globe from Europe, these Branches reached down to South Africa, out to India, Australia, up to Korea and back to Canada and South America, where the Branch was located on the island of Trinidad. Besides these, the Society maintained twelve "domestic" Branches in the United States, organized to serve nationality groups in their native tongues. ee

An experience from Poland is of interest:

The work is progressing and developing rapidly. Classes are growing and the number of brethren is steadily increasing. In Warsaw every Sunday about 700 attend the meeting in the morning. Recently one of the Polish brethren because of preaching the truth was arrested in Cracow. Amongst other things he was charged in an indictment with slandering the Pope. He defended himself in court, using the Bible for his defense, and the judge directed his acquittal, stating from the bench that he had made a complete defense, saying that he was authorized by the Scriptures to speak as he had spoken. This caused an increased interest in the truth. The persecution awakened the people to know why this man was persecuted. ff


All this increased activity meant additional work for the brothers at the Bethel headquarters at Brooklyn. Furthermore, now the Society had decided for the first time to do some of its own printing. Since the Brooklyn Tabernacle had been sold while the brothers were in prison, factory space was located on Myrtle Avenue in Brooklyn, where facilities for printing were set up. The family of the headquarters staff was also increased now to 107, specially to publish the special issue or September 29, 1920, issue of The Golden Age, No. 27, in millions of copies.

Thus a forward step was made early in 1920, when, for the first time, The Watch Tower was produced on the Society's own press. This was the February 1, 1920, issue. Beginning with the April 14, 1920, issue, The Golden Age also was printed on the Society's press. gg That year thirty-eight carloads of paper were used in producing more than 4,000,000 copies of the new magazine The Golden Age. This was just a part of the total printing that was done in that one year. hh Expansion was rapid. By 1922 larger quarters were necessary for printing the literature, so the Society


moved its factory into a six-story building at 18 Concord Street, also in Brooklyn. Here the printing of the Society's bound books was first undertaken. But by 1926 this building also had been outgrown. This time the Society decided to build its own structure designed exactly according to our needs. Land was acquired and a new, large modern eight-story building was erected at 117 Adams Street, Brooklyn, just a ten-minute walk from the Bethel headquarters. ii At that same time the Bethel home also was rebuilt and enlarged. jj But I don't want to get ahead of my story. I'll tell you more in detail about that later on.

LOIS: Did the brothers continue using the books written by Pastor Russell?

JOHN: The Seventh Volume had been distributed extensively when the Studies in the Scriptures were still encouraged for use. Then in connection with the distribution of these publications a new work opened up that was called the "Millions Campaign." This was actually a public-speaking program beginning September 25, 1920, designed to stir the attention of millions of people. It centered around the lecture published in the book Millions Now Living Will Never Die, published late in 1920. kk This was the lecture that Brother Rutherford had given for the first time February 24, 1918, with such exciting results in California. The book was also translated and published in Dano-Norwegian, Finnish, Swedish, French, German, Hollandish, Yiddish, Greek, Arabic, Russian, Polish, Malayalam and Burmese. An example of the effectiveness of the campaign is cited in the annual report for 1920. It reads:

At four public meetings addressed by Brother Rutherford in a small portion of Europe 5,050 of these volumes were sold. This is a sample of the earnestness with which the people are grasping for the truth. There never has been manifested such interest in Germany as at this time. Great crowds are coming; and while the opposition is rising, the truth is also rising. 11

The campaign lasted a couple of years. In addition to distributing the 128-page Millions book, large billboard advertisements were erected in all the big cities with streaming letters, "Millions Now Living Will Never Die." Newspaper advertisements were used also. This campaign of advertising was so extensive that this spectacular slogan almost became a byword, and many persons we meet today still recall this campaign.

The work was a slight change from the "pastoral work" that had been conducted previously in that, instead of loaning books to the people, these books were placed for


a contribution as an inducement to the people to read them and then inquire further for the Studies in the Scriptures.

rutherfords first books p99

By 1921, however, it seemed advisable to produce another bound book, and this was done. The Harp of God, written by J. F. Rutherford, began to be shipped out December 1, 1921, and proved to be an extremely popular study aid and was used for many years in helping persons of good will come to a knowledge of the divine purpose. Notice this advance advertisement in The Watch Tower:

"The Harp of God" is the title; and the book consists of an orderly digest of all the plan of God, presented under the headings of Creation, Justice Manifested, The Abrahamic Promise, the Birth of Jesus, The Ransom, Resurrection, Mystery Revealed, Our Lord's Return, Glorification of the Church, and Restoration; as ten strings of the Harp of God, the Bible.

The book is not a child's book primarily, but it is a beginner's book so arranged and so provided with questions that whether the beginner be young or old it can be used with facility and profit. The hundreds of catechetical questions printed in the book itself, at the end of the chapter to which they apply, present a ready means for either individual or class study. There are eleven chapters, three hundred eighty-four pages, six hundred twenty-four paragraphs, and more than seven hundred Scripture citations. mm

This was really designed as a Bible study aid and, besides the questions provided in the book itself, a complete correspondence course of questions was provided for just the additional cost of printing and mailing. It was first advertised in The Golden Age in the issue of January 4, 1922, along with a new edition of the book.

Opportunity is now offered to all who desire to avail themselves of a brief, yet comprehensive, course, in topical Bible study. This course uses as a hand-book "The Harp of God," a work of 384 pages, recently announced on this page.

Each of its eleven chapters is followed by numerous questions (often several to a paragraph), which are so designed as to enable even the humblest reader not only to gather the thought but also to weigh and retain it.

But as a further help in and stimulus to study the Association will send out from its headquarters at set intervals a total of twelve questionnaires to every purchaser of one of the Student's Edition of "The Harp of God."

The Student's Edition is printed from the same plates as the library edition previously announced. The margins are merely smaller and the paper thinner, so that the book can be carried with convenience in the pocket or handbag, and spare minutes on train or street-car utilized to advantage. The book is well bound in cloth.

The price of the volume, 68c postpaid, includes the course of twelve lessons. For Sunday School teachers, for leaders of Bible Classes, and for all students of the Bible this course will be found of highest value. nn

These twelve lessons were also mailed out from the local classes or congregations. The brothers who worked from door to door offered the entire course along with the book and then would mail out the individual questionnaires each week. An average class might handle 400 to 500 cards weekly in this service. It was carried on for a number of years.

The Harp of God proved to be an extremely popular book. It was the first break away from the seven volumes of Studies in the Scriptures. In the course of years other books were added to this series, including Deliverance, appearing in 1926, the book Creation in 1927, and Reconciliation and Government in 1928. In 1927 the Society released the first in the Yearbook series that has continued up to the present time. Now, using its own facilities,


the Society was able to produce books and distribute them for 25 cents each as opposed to the price of 50 to 75 cents that had been required prior to this time. This acceptance of 25 cents was in effect for many years. It was in 1919 that the Society decided to make reprints of all the Watch Towers printed during the forty-year period from July, 1879, to June 15, 1919. These were bound in seven volumes and enabled those new in the truth to receive this valuable reference material at one third the original subscription rate. oo


TOM: You mentioned earlier that some took the view that Pastor Russell could have no successor and that some opposed the writing of The Finished Mystery. How did they feel now about this flood of new books by Judge Rutherford?

JOHN: Only a few objected. By far the majority of the brothers recognized the great value and timeliness in these new publications being released. As we've mentioned, though, there are always a few who want to live in the past and who fail to maintain the progressive attitude necessary to stay in the light of present truth. Jehovah's work is always advancing and, in these formative years from 1919 to 1922 particularly, the brothers were being prepared for a work that would require all the spiritual strength they could acquire. This meant new spiritual food fitted to the times and to the needs of the public as well.

Even Brother Russell recognized such needs in past times. Notice what he said in the July 15, 1906, issue of the Watch Tower.

Some who have The Three Worlds or the old edition of Day Dawn would perhaps like to know my present opinion of them—whether I still think them profitable books to loan to truth-seekers. To this I reply, Certainly not; because the very immature views of God's truth therein presented fall far short of what we now see to be God's wonderful plan. . . . The Lord has taught me that it is a responsible matter to be a teacher, even to the extent of circulating a book or a paper. Even Food for Thinking Christians (now also out of print), I no longer commend because it is less systematic and therefore less clear than later publications. pp

So it is, while the basic truths themselves have never changed in the Society's viewpoint and understanding, the scripture has been fulfilled that the light would shine brighter and brighter in a progression toward the perfect day. qq Those who have kept abreast have continued to be strengthened daily for the progressive work of preaching this good news of the Kingdom.

In 1920 in the July 1 issue of The Watch Tower, after quoting Matthew 24:14 in regard to the world-wide preaching of the gospel of the Kingdom, the leading article "Gospel of the Kingdom" points out:

It will be noted he does not say the gospel that has been preached to the meek throughout the entire Gospel age shall be preached. What gospel then could he mean? The gospel means good news. The good news here is concerning the end of the old order of things and the establishment of Messiah's kingdom. . . .

It will be observed that in the order named this message must be delivered between the time of the great world war and the time of the "great tribulation" mentioned by the Master in Matthew 24:21, 22. ... Therefore it seems that now is the time for the Church to proclaim far and wide in Christendom this good news.

This stirring call to action appearing under the subheading "Work for All" then introduced the "Millions Campaign," which was to have such stirring results during these preparatory years, 1919 to 1922. Not only were the brothers now fortified with strengthening new spiritual food in the restoration of true worship, but they were also energetically occupied in the serious business of Kingdom witnessing. These preliminary steps fortified and equipped them for the highly significant campaign due to begin in 1922.rr

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