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LIGHT

CHAPTER VI

Transition

(REVELATION, CHAPTERS 10 AND 11)
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JEHOVAH raised his beloved Son out of death, took him to heaven, and made him his chief officer forever. Although clothed with all power and authority to act, he must await Jehovah's due time for him to act in taking possession of the world and ousting the enemy Satan. The time for the beginning of that period of transition Jehovah definitely fixed: "The declaration of Jehovah to my Lord [Christ]"; thus begins the Prophet David, who foreshadowed Jesus, and then adds that Jehovah said to his beloved Son: "Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thy foes thy footstool." When the due time came to end the waiting period, and therefore to begin the transfer of possession, Jehovah through his prophet says to Christ: "Thy sceptre of strength will Jehovah extend out of Zion, tread thou down in the midst of thy foes." — Ps. 110:1,2, Roth.

The period of waiting ended in 1914 and there began the transfer period. No longer will Jehovah permit Satan to go on unhindered and unrestrained in his rulership of the world. The kingdom or rulership of the world must come into the possession of earth's rightful King. (Ezek. 21:27; Rev. 11:15) The due time having come, Jehovah addressed a sweet message to his beloved One and said: "Beautiful, beautiful! thou art, beyond the sons of men! a gracious charm hath been set on thy lips; therefore hath God blessed thee to the ages. Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, 0

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hero! in thy majesty and thy state; tread the bow, succeed, ride on! for the sake of truth and the humiliation of righteousness, and thy right hand will teach thee fearful things. Thine arrows are sharp — peoples under thee fall: — in the heart of the foes of the king. Thy throne, 0 God, is to the ages and beyond, a sceptre of equity is the sceptre of thy kingdom; thou hast loved righteousness, and hated lawlessness: therefore hath God, thy God, anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy partners." — Ps. 45:2-7, Roth.

Christ Jesus, the great executive officer of Jehovah, now turns his attention to things pertaining to earth and to the one who had for long misruled it. Thus he came down from heaven to earth. (1 Thess. 4:16) He began a war in heaven and cast the enemy out and into the earth, and proceeded to carry out his Father's purposes. Jehovah foretold this by his prophets, including the book of Revelation, and in due time he reveals the understanding thereof to his people. Chapters ten and eleven of Revelation have to do with the transfer of the possession of the kingdom of this world from Satan to Christ, and incidentally to the passing from one state to another of the work done and to be done on earth by the faithful people of God. Chapters ten and eleven of Revelation should here be carefully read; and blessed is he who understands.

"And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire." (Vs. 1) The mighty angel here mentioned is Michael, the Anointed, God's beloved Son. The coming of Jehovah's Christ down

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from heaven to earth was much better understood after the sixth trumpet had sounded. In proof of this, see Watch Tower, February 1 and 15, 1928.

"Clothed with a cloud" the mighty angel comes down from heaven. In symbol this means four separate and distinct things, to wit: (1) Invisibility. The coming of the Lord is unseen by human eyes because he is spirit. "And the Lord [Jehovah] came down in a cloud, and spake unto him [Moses]" (Num. 11:25); "and the Lord came down in the pillar of the cloud, and stood in the door of the tabernacle" (Num. 12: 5); (2) it denotes his presence with favor to his faithful servants: "In the light of the king's countenance is life; and his favour is as a cloud of the latter rain" (Prov. 16:15); "thou shalt bring down . . . the heat in a dry place; even the heat with the shadow of a cloud" (Isa. 25:5); (3) it denotes his presence with woe to his enemies: "And I looked, and behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself" (Ezek. 1:4); and (4) it denotes the glorious presence of Jehovah attending him: "Then the glory of the Lord [Jehovah] . . . stood over the threshold of the house [temple]; and the house was filled with the cloud, and the court was full of the brightness of the Lord's glory." (Ezek. 10:4) The same meaning of the word cloud would be applied to the Son, who is now the express image of the Father, and the brightness of his glory. — Heb. 1:3.

A "rainbow" was about the head of the mighty angel, and thus shows he is Jehovah's representative, since the rainbow is also shown as encircling Jehovah's throne. (Rev. 4:3; Ezek. 1:28) Evidently Christ Jesus has "the everlasting covenant" and

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must take to account the rulers of the world who have unrighteously shed much human blood in violation of the covenant. "My bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth." (Gen. 9:13) The significance of the rainbow as a symbol of the everlasting covenant was better understood after the sixth trumpet had sounded and before the seventh had sounded. See Watch Tower, Dec. 15, 1927.

Further describing the "mighty angel" it is written: "His face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire." Thus Christ Jesus is identified as the Sun of righteousness. (Mal. 4:2) On an occasion he was transfigured before his faithful disciples and "his face did shine as the sun". (Matt. 17:2) The sun rules when the day comes. (Ps. 136:8; Jer. 31: 35) Christ Jesus, the great sun and light of the world, has come.

'His fiery feet' symbolically says: 'He must tread down and destroy the enemies and make them his footstool.' (Ps. 110:1) It is the feet of Jesus that bruise Satan. (Rom. 16:20) Jehovah put all things under his feet. (Ps. 8: 6; 1 Cor. 15:25-27) All things are put under his feet. — Heb. 2: 8.

A 'little book open and held in his hand' symbolically speaks of the revelation of God's purposes in the hand of his beloved Son, with power and authority to reveal them. (Deut. 31:26; Ps. 40:7) This is further a conclusive proof that the truth is not the product of any man, and it is wrong to give any man credit for the revelation of the truth. The truth and the revelation thereof belongs to Jehovah, and he uses his High Priest, Christ Jesus, to open it and to

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make it known in due time. The fact that the book was open signifies that the time has come to make known to his people the purposes of God.

The mighty angel, Christ Jesus, sets one foot upon "the sea" and the other upon "the earth"; that is to say, upon "the sea", the people that support and bear up Satan's organization; and upon "the earth", the ruling powers of Satan's visible organization. Therefore the time approaches for 'woe in the earth and in the sea' because of these "pillars of fire". (Rev. 12:12, A. R. V.) In symbolic language Christ Jesus is shown taking charge of the affairs that had been committed to his hand by his Father. Now he would stop the World War, and did stop it, that the people of God might be gathered together and do the witness work before the final end. In time, this seems to correspond to the sealing of the saints. (Rev. 7: 2, 3) 'Crying out with the voice like a lion' symbolically says: 'It is the time for justice and judgment, and judgment must begin at the house of God.' (1 Pet. 4:17) Having assumed his place as King, and having ousted Satan from heaven, Christ Jesus comes to his temple for judgment. "The Lord will roar from Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the habitations of the shepherds shall mourn, and the top of Carmel shall wither." (Amos 1:2) "The Lord also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the Lord will be the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel." — Joel 3:16.

"When he had cried, seven thunders uttered their voices." (Rev. 10:3) The thunders represented the voice or message of Jehovah rebuking the enemies

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and expressing his indignation. (Ps. 104:7) The thunders sound, for the temple is open. — Rev. 11:19.

Looking now to the facts well known, which seem to clearly fit the fulfilment of this prophecy, it is found that early in 1918 the enemy beheaded the "John the Baptist" witness work. Elijah had done a work and had prophesied, which prophecy John the Baptist fulfilled in miniature; and when the Lord's people were stopped in their witness work in 1918 those faithful ones engaged in that work collectively fulfilled the picture of John the Baptist being beheaded in a more complete way. It seems certain that it was about this time that the "thunders" were uttered. These thunders represented the indignation of Jehovah against such things as the persecution of his people and the stopping of his work by the imprisonment of many who were serving him; also represented his indignation expressed against the professed people of Christendom who adopted a League of Nations in place of the kingdom of God, and also against the atrocities committed by the Devil's organization against God's people. It was after 1919 that God's people learned that Satan's organization includes Big Business and professional politicians, as well as the religious frauds. The wrath Of God must be expressed against all of these three factors of Satan's organization. "Seven thunders" therefore symbolically represent the expression of God's righteous indignation against all parts of Satan's organization. There had been much truth published against the religious wing of the Devil's organization, particularly in the latter part of 1917 and the early part of 1918. Then later Number twenty-seven of The Golden Age brought forth the proof that Big Business

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and the professional politicians are parts of such wicked organization. The copy for that Number twenty-seven of The Golden Age was written chiefly behind prison walls. The message of God now "thundered" against all parts of Satan's wicked organization.

"I was about to write: and I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Seal up those things which the seven thunders littered, and write them not." (Rev. 10:4) It was expected by God's faithful witnesses that Number twenty-seven of The Golden Age would be quickly followed by much more testimony in the way of denunciation of Satan's organization, but this expectation was not at all realized. The Lord, through the columns of The Watch Tower (January 1, 1921), revealed to his people the true symbolic meaning of the term "beast", as used in the Scriptures, showing the same to apply to the visible part of Satan's organization, the ruling factors of which are Big Business, politicians and the clergy. This was an expression from Jehovah's Word of his indignation against the unholy alliance that would make void The Kingdom; hence more was expected quickly to follow in like manner. But the time was at hand to gather the saints together and seal them and then send them forth to give notice and to witness to the name of Jehovah. Seemingly Jehovah would teach his people that while it is important to declare the day of his vengeance there must first be some preparatory work done in behalf of the witnesses and for the preaching of the kingdom message; hence "a voice from heaven saying unto me [the servant class pictured by John], Seal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not".

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The Lord by his duly constituted officers was directing his servants as to what should be done. Instead of further denunciation of Satan's organization immediately following there was issued the book entitled The Harp of God, which contains the plain and simple statement of some of the beauties of God's revealed purposes, setting forth how he is redeeming, saving, and will bless the people through his kingdom. It may be here noted that The Harp of God contains not one criticism of the enemy's visible organization. This was not premeditated by any creature, but was doubtless the result of the Lord's direction, given through the duly constituted deputies or angels invisible to man. The seal on the seven thunders seems to have been lifted at the close of 1922, when God's servant class was sent forth to declare the day of his vengeance and specifically to advertise the King and his kingdom. This unloosening of the seals is clearly referred to when the Revelator writes: "Seal not the sayings of the prophecy of this book, for the time is at hand." (Rev. 22:10) The time had come for God's people to begin to have a clearer vision of his purposes and to carry out the work that he had committed to them.

"TIME NO LONGER"

The events of Revelation do not occur in chronological order and we are not to expect to find a fulfilment taking place in chronological order. The vision now turns back a few years and shows events that came to pass after that which is portrayed in the four preceding verses. "And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever and

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ever, . . . that there should be time no longer." (Rev. 10:5,6) That was a solemn declaration that the time of transition had arrived and no longer should there be any waiting. This text is rendered by other translators in this wise, that "time shall be no longer [delayed]" (Diag.); "delay no longer shall there be" (Roth.); "there shall be delay no longer." (A.R.V.) It meant a great turning point or transition period. The mighty angel could not have made that declaration prior to 1914, because it was there that the 'period of waiting at the right hand of the Father' ended. — Heb. 10:12,13.

It seems that the declaration refers more particularly to 1918, when the Lord came to his temple, so far as God's people are concerned. The "administration of the fulness of the appointed times", as Paul puts it, had now come. (Eph. 1:10, Diag.) The time had come for the Ruler, who had cast Satan out of heaven, to come forth from Bethlehem to make the enemy his footstool. "Therefore will he give them up, until the time that she which travaileth hath brought forth; then the remnant of his brethren shall return unto the children of Israel." (Mic. 5: 3) There must be no tarrying now. "For the vision is yet for an appointed time, but at the end it shall speak, and not lie: though it tarry [seem to delay], wait for it; because it will surely come, it will not tarry." (Hab. 2:3) In 1914 the Lord's people expected many things that did not seem to come to pass, some of which began to come to pass in 1918 and which they saw thereafter.

The time had now come for the sleeping saints, who were 'resting for a little season', to be raised (Rev. 6:11); the time to "finish the work, and cut

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it short in righteousness". (Rom. 9:28) The time had come for the fulfilment of the words of the prophecy: "I bring near my righteousness; it shall not be far off, and my salvation shall not tarry [delay]; and I will place salvation in Zion for Israel my glory." (Isa. 46:13) Since the Scriptures are written specifically for the benefit of God's people, this time seems to apply more particularly to the coming of the Lord to his temple, the selection of his remnant, and the revealing to them thereafter the purposes of Jehovah. This also would mark the time for the preparatory work immediately preceding the beginning of the great witness work.

Then the record is concerning " the mystery of God" being finished: "But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets." (Vs. 7) "The mystery of Christ" pertains to the selection of the 'seed of promise' without regard to whether they be Jews or Gentiles, and shows the gathering of the body members with Christ as the Head. (Eph. 3:4-6; Gal. 3:27-29) There seems to be a clear distinction between the "mystery of Christ" and the "mystery of God", which should be finished during the sounding of the seventh angel. There are a number of questions relating to Jehovah which were a mystery to God's people and which have been cleared up since the coming of the Lord to his temple. Who is God? What is the significance of the names by which he reveals himself? Is God responsible for all the sorrows and woes of earth, including the calamities? Has he an organization, and what is it? What is meant by his coming forth out of his place to punish all

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the inhabitants of the earth and vindicate his name? What is the organization that opposes him, and of what does it consist? Is Satan and his organization responsible for the sufferings and calamities of men and the alienation of men from God? All these things God had long ago foretold or announced by his prophets; but the time must come for them to be understood by his faithful people on the earth, because it is for their benefit that such Scriptures were written.  — Rom. 15:4; 1 Cor. 10:11.

By his prophet he said: " Surely the Lord God will do nothing, but he revealeth his secret [mystery] unto his servants the prophets." (Amos 3: 7) Therefore the statement of Revelation 10:7 seems to say that following the sounding of the seven angels God would cause his servants to have an understanding of the prophecies which have heretofore been secret. Those who compose the remnant of the servant class have received a great enlightenment in the past few years and now have an understanding of many prophecies that have heretofore not been understood. This is due to the fact that the Lord is in his temple and the flashes of light from his temple illuminate his people.

The seventh verse begins with the conjunction "but", which indicates a transition point has been reached; and it seems clearly to be a transition from the Elijah to the Elisha work of the church. Before this latter witness work is done the remnant must be gathered together and purged, that they may be witnesses to the name of Jehovah. It is written: "God at the first did visit the [nations] to take out of them a people for his name." (Acts 15:14) This people God brings into his organization and makes

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manifest the remnant, the gathering of which remnant began with the coming of the Lord to his temple in 1918; therefore from the time of the coming of the Lord to his temple the vision should no longer tarry: "There should be time no longer." From henceforth God would gradually reveal to his people the understanding of the hidden things of his Word. "[Jehovah] maketh lightnings for the rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasuries." — Jer. 10:13, R. V.

His lightnings illuminate his Word and make known to his servant class his purposes that have been hidden, and also reveal the hypocrisy and duplicity of Satan's wicked organization. Having laid the "precious corner Stone" as the Head and chief Stone of the temple, he causes his light to shine thereupon and to illuminate those of the temple class. (Zech. 3:9) This he does from and after the coming of the Lord to his temple in 1918.

The vision discloses Christ Jesus, the mighty angel with the 'little book open in his hand', and John (picturing the servant class) heard the voice from heaven saying: "Go and take the little book which is open in the hand of the angel." The "little book" manifestly is the revelation of God's will and purposes concerning his people. John the servant class are shown going to the angel and asking for the book, which is delivered to them and they are told to "eat it". The eating would signify the building up of the mind by acquiring a knowledge of God's purpose, and the performance of the privileges of service that would come to them by virtue of receiving that knowledge. The Head of God's elect servant class, Christ Jesus, now speaks for Jehovah, and therefore it was

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a voice from heaven, and says to God's people: "Gather yourselves unto me, ye my men of loving-kindness, who have solemnised my covenant over sacrifice." (Ps. 50: 5, Roth.) The time had come for the remnant class to receive the portfolio of service which is outlined in the volume of the "little book". They must now take this book and eat it, and thereby learn God's purposes concerning them. These must now organize for service. By his prophet God had said: "Be not thou rebellious like that rebellious house: open thy mouth, and eat that I give thee. . . . Eat that thou findest: eat this roll, and go speak unto the house of Israel [all spirit-begotten ones]. So I opened my mouth, and he caused me to eat that roll." (Ezek. 2:8-3: 2) This is undoubtedly addressed to God's faithful people on earth. The Lord Jesus knocked at the door and those composing the servant class opened and asked for service and it was given to them. (Matt. 7:7; Rev. 3:20) The "little book" held in the hand of the angel, being the same as the "roll" described by the Prophet Ezekiel, is or contains the purposes of Jehovah, which have long been a secret or mystery, which mystery is now "finished" and is to be made known to his faithful people. The 'eating' of that little book or roll is the revelation of his hidden purposes to them, making known to the faithful ones what God requires them to do.

John (the servant class) ate the little book as commanded and 'it was sweet as honey in the mouth, but bitter in the belly'. (Rev. 10:9,10; Ezek. 3:3-7) The servant class were hungry for more spiritual food, and every bit of the food received was sweet and is sweet to them. "To the hungry soul every bitter thing is sweet." (Prov. 27: 7) The bitterness has

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purgative properties. Coming to his temple the Lord enlightened the remnant class by feeding them upon the Word of truth, and this was sweet to them. But, as the Revelator foretold, it becomes bitter to the belly. It fills the servant class with bitter indignation against Satan's organization. (Jer. 15: I7) The faithful servant class, by eating the little book or roll, receive heavenly wisdom, which is sweet to them: "My son, eat thou honey, because it is good; and the honeycomb, which is sweet to thy taste: so shall the knowledge of wisdom be unto thy soul: when thou hast found it, then there shall be a reward, and thy expectation shall not be cut off." — Prov. 24:13, 14.

Thus it is shown that the eating of this book brings knowledge and heavenly wisdom. Properly received, this knowledge has a purgative or purifying effect. The Lord Jesus sits in judgment at his temple to purge or "purify the sons of Levi", to the end that these approved might offer an acceptable sacrifice unto God. (Mal. 3:2, 3) No longer would these faithful ones make their belly their god. (Phil. 3:19; Rom. 16:18) Seeing their privileges they become wholly and completely devoted to God and to his service, and the prophet has put the words in their mouths: "How sweet are thy words unto my taste! yea, sweeter than honey to my mouth!" (Ps. 119:103) "Thy words were found, and I did eat them; and thy word was unto me the joy and rejoicing of mine heart: for I am called by thy name, 0 Lord God of hosts."  — Jer. 15:16.

The knowledge and heavenly wisdom received from feeding on God's revealed purposes disclose to the faithful ones that they were commissioned to go forth as God's witnesses. They came to know what Satan

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had been doing and is doing by and through his agencies, and this caused them to be righteously indignant. "I sat not in the assembly of the mockers, nor rejoiced; I sat alone, because of thy hand: for thou hast filled me with indignation." — Jer. 15:17.

The bitter indignation, however, did not at all take away the sweetness and the joy of serving the Lord. This knowledge and wisdom disclosed to the servant class their privilege of going forth as God's witnesses. Doing so in obedience to the Lord's commandments has brought bitter trials upon them; but in such tribulation they rejoice, because such is an evidence or proof of God's approval. (Rom. 5: 3-5) These rejoice to have a part in the vindication of Jehovah's name under any and all conditions that the Lord is pleased to have come to pass.

From 1918 to the fall of 1919 the servant class was in exile, and therefore in silence. This was symbolized by John on the isle of Patmos. The servant class must be released from such exile in order to carry out the commandments prophesied by Jesus concerning the preaching of this gospel of the kingdom (Matt. 24:14); hence John the servant class is told: "Thou must prophesy again before [against, Roth.] many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings." The indisputable facts show that from and after 1919 marks the beginning and carrying forward of the Elisha work of the servant class. Until 1922 the organization of the workers was progressing and the work was going forward. In 1922 the Lord's people were permitted to have an understanding of Isaiah's prophecy wherein the Lord is discerned in his temple, and then it was clearly seen by them that there must be a great witness work concerning the kingdom. In

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that picture Isaiah represents the Lord's servant class, and concerning the witness work that is to be done he asks the question: "How long?" And he is answered: "Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate." (Isa. 6:11) The Prophet Isaiah himself did not live to see the destruction of the city of Jerusalem; therefore these prophetic words must apply to God's servant class whom Isaiah pictured, and this proves that the servant must continue and the witness to the name of Jehovah must go on until Armageddon, when the name of Jehovah shall be completely vindicated. This should not only encourage, but thrill the servant class of the Lord to go faithfully on with the work until the Lord's due time to finish it.

THE WITNESS

Jehovah by his prophet foretold concerning a faithful remnant class among the consecrated followers of Christ Jesus, which class was foreshadowed by a remnant of natural Israel. It is the remnant of spiritual Israel to whom is committed the testimony of Jesus Christ and which class becomes the witnesses for Jehovah on the earth in the last days. This class must pass through certain events, also foretold, to determine their qualification to be Jehovah's witnesses. Otherwise stated, there must be an examination of the consecrated ones and from these the remnant class be selected.

The eleventh chapter of Revelation should now and here be carefully read, as it is considered in the following paragraphs. It deals with the qualifications of the faithful witness class; shows how these wit-

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nesses were hindered in their work and stopped, and a specific part of the witness work finished; how these witnesses afterwards revived and carried on the work, and how more witnesses were gathered into the company; and discloses the opening of the temple of God and the sounding of the seventh trumpet announcing "the third woe".

The vision recorded in the eleventh chapter of Revelation begins by disclosing John, who represented the servant class on earth, receiving a measuring "reed like unto a rod" and receiving the direction from the angel to "rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein". The word "reed" is from the Greek kalamos, which is a divine unit for measurement. (Ezek. 40:3-5; Rev. 21:15,16) Kalamos was one of the ingredients of the holy anointing oil and is understood to symbolize the knowledge the anointed received from God's Word. The reed's being "like unto a rod" symbolized that the measurement should be made according to the standards of God's kingdom and the approved ones must measure up thereto. (Ps. 110:2) He is first to measure the temple. God's people constitute his temple; hence judgment or measurement must begin at the house of God. (2 Cor. 6:16; 1 Pet. 4:17) The Lord often causes his people to perform certain duties and pass through certain events and afterwards discloses to them the meaning thereof. Such affords an opportunity for the child of God to show his willingness to obey and follow whithersoever the Lord leads.

It was in 1922 that the people of God first had an understanding that the Lord had come to his temple in 1918. The Lord Jesus, the great Judge, is the One

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who judges the people of God; but it is noted that John was directed to do the measuring, thus suggesting that after the Lord had come to his temple for judgment the John class, or the faithful ones of the Lord's servants, must come to a proper understanding of what constitutes the qualifications for membership in the kingdom. They must measure themselves by the divine standard and thus themselves learn the qualifications required.

Measuring "the altar" symbolizes that the remnant class come to an appreciation of the fact that they are not sacrificing priests who are doing anything to add to Christ Jesus' sacrifice. Christ Jesus is the great sacrificing Priest, and his sacrifice was sufficient once for all for the atonement of sins. The remnant, that is to say, the approved servant class on earth, must offer an acceptable sacrifice before the Lord and must come to know that such is merely rendering unto the Lord their "reasonable service", and that their sacrifice, which is acceptable to him, is their devotion and praise and service rendered unto the Lord. The purging or measuring which discloses the qualification of the servant class takes place when the Lord comes to his temple, that they may offer an offering in righteousness unto the Lord. 'They that worship' in the temple would be measured, that is to say, those that worship the Lord in spirit and in truth; and these are they that when approved are permitted to stand in the holy place. (Ps. 24:3-5) Those who thus measure themselves by the standard divinely given learn of their privileges of service and delight to have a part therein. The remnant, therefore, is made manifest, and one may determine for himself whether or not he is of the remnant.

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The instruction is not to measure the court outside the temple but to "cast [it] outside" (Roth.), because it symbolizes those who merely profess to be God's children but who are not. These are known by their fruits. If they were devoted to the Lord they would bring forth fruits of the kingdom; that is to say, they would show a devotion to and service for the kingdom. The measuring must be done among those who are consecrated and who claim to be in present truth. The ones that measure up to the divine standard are evidently the ones who are taken into the temple and made a part of the servant class and who form "the holy city" which is God's government. (Rev. 21:2) Those who merely pretend to be followers of the Lord are represented as in the court and are left out.

Then it is stated: "And the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months." The word "they" must of necessity apply to these who oppose God's kingdom and who treat it and its representatives with contempt. It was in 1914 that Christ Jesus was placed upon his throne, and it was there that the nations of the earth began to manifest a contempt for the new government of Christ, and thus symbolically to tread it down. The date of the beginning of the treading down is therefore fixed in 1914, because the treading down must begin shortly after the Lord takes his power and begins his reign.

The "forty and two months" of the treading down equals 1260 days, and this period is identical with the 1260 days that the "two witnesses" prophesy in sackcloth. The treading down of the "holy city" and the prophesying of the two witnesses in sackcloth being identical as to time, the events coming to pass

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within that period of time apply to both. This proves that the time mentioned at this point is properly counted as forty-two months of thirty days each, or 1260 days. The facts disclose that the time is literal, and not symbolic. Most of the numbers in Revelation are literal; and this is especially proven by the number of the members of the elect class, as set forth in the seventh chapter of Revelation. The Diaglott rendering of the text is: "And I will endow my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth." The identification of the two witnesses and the treading down is important, and the interpretation thereof is disclosed by the facts that came to pass and are well known.

In verse ten of the same chapter these same two witnesses are called "two prophets", and this furnishes a key to their identification. Elijah and John the Baptist were both prophets and foreshadowed a work to be done by the faithful saints on earth, and therefore such faithful saints are properly called "two witnesses". Jesus said: "It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true." (John 8:17) The fact that two men were used to foreshadow the witness work of the saints, or faithful servant class, proves that their work is true and was divinely foreordained.

For the manifest purpose of further identifying these two witnesses it is written: "These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth." (Vs. 4) Those who were faithfully devoted to Jehovah God prior to the coming of the Lord to his temple, and who were doing the Lord's service, doubtless had received the anointing of the

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holy spirit. Olive oil was the liquid ingredient of the priestly holy anointing oil. (Ex. 30:24) Oil is also a symbol of joy. The wise virgins had oil in their vessels and had joy in doing the will of God. (Matt. 25:4) That the two olive trees symbolized those faithful ones on earth who had grown up in Christ Jesus, and who had delighted to serve God, is further supported by the following texts:

"But I am like a green olive tree in the house of God: I trust in the mercy of God for ever and ever. I will praise thee for ever, because thou hast done it: and I will wait on thy name; for it is good before thy saints." (Ps. 52:8, 9) (See also Romans 11:17-24.) These witnesses are also identified as "two candlesticks", which symbolically means that they are light-bearers and approved by Jehovah and hold forth his Word in the earth. Jesus said of John the Baptist: "He was a burning and a shining light." (John 5: 35) Of and concerning his faithful followers, foreshadowed by John the Baptist, he said: "Ye are the light of the world. . . . Let your light so shine before men." (Matt. 5:14-16) God gave the Prophet Zechariah a vision which illuminates this point and further identifies the "two witnesses". "And the angel [of the Lord] talked with me; . . . and said unto me, What seest thou? And I said, I have looked, and behold a candlestick all of gold, with a bowl upon the top of it, and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps, which are upon the top thereof; and two olive trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side thereof. And I ... said unto him, What be these two olive branches, which through the two golden pipes empty the golden oil out of themselves? And

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Elisha sees Elijah ascend

he answered me and said, Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my lord. Then said he, These are the two anointed ones [margin, sons of oil] that stand by the Lord of the whole earth." — Zech. 4:1-3, 12-14.

Elijah, one of the anointed prophets of God, foreshadowed the work of God's faithful ones on earth: "As the Lord God . . . liveth, before whom I stand," said Elijah. (1 Ki. 17:1) Both Elijah and John the Baptist stood before the Lord as his witnesses; John in the special capacity of the forerunner of Christ. John the Baptist fulfilled the Elijah picture in miniature and further foreshadowed a work to be done by the church on earth. Therefore the two prophets stand for or represent the "two witnesses", mentioned by the Revelator; namely, the faithful followers of

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'Bring me the head...'

Christ Jesus, who stand before God and hold forth his light of truth.

Elijah was taken away in a fiery-chariot; John the Baptist was beheaded; thus foreshadowing conditions that would mark the end of the Elijah work. They were of the great "cloud of witnesses", and of John it was said that 'he was a witness and bore witness of the Light'. (Heb. 12:1; John 1: 7, 8, 15) Seeing that those two witnesses foreshadowed a witness work to be done, and which was done by God's faithful light-bearers up to a certain point of time, let the facts now be considered showing a fulfilment of the prophecy.

'...of John the Baptist'
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SACKCLOTH

"Sackcloth" is a symbol of reproach and mourning when applied to God's people: "For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me. When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach. I made sackcloth also my garment; and I became a proverb to them." (Ps. 69:9-11) Isaiah represented God's anointed people on earth and he prophesied in sackcloth. (Isa. 20:2) The Watch Tower, and its companion publications of the Society, for forty years emphasized the fact that 1914 would witness the establishment of God's kingdom and the complete glorification of the church. During that period of forty years God's people on earth were carrying on a witness work, which work was foreshadowed by Elijah and John the Baptist. All of the Lord's people looked forward to 1914 with joyful expectation. When that time came and passed there was much disappointment, chagrin and mourning, and the Lord's people were greatly in reproach. They were ridiculed by the clergy and their allies in particular, and pointed to with scorn, because they had said so much about 1914, and what would come to pass, and their 'prophecies' had not been fulfilled.

One wearing sackcloth usually puts it on himself. God's people on earth, after the reproach that came upon them following 1914, put sackcloth upon themselves as an evidence of mourning. (Lam. 2:10) This is proven by what appeared in The Watch Tower.

During the period of its publication The Watch Tower has been the mouthpiece of God's children on earth. Immediately following the end of the Gentile

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times, and therefore the end of the world, and when the children of God expected to be taken to heaven, The Watch Tower came forth with a lengthy article entitled "Making Ready for the Reign of Righteousness". (See Watch Tower, November 1, 1914, pages 323-331.) What is there said is well illustrated by putting on sackcloth in an effort to comfort the mourning ones. A few excerpts are taken from that article to show its tenor and to show the real attitude of the Elijah-John-the-Baptist class. These quotations are not for criticism, of course, but to show how the Lord foreknew and foretold what was to come to pass, and how he doubtless caused his angels to direct the preparation of exactly what was published. Excerpts from that article in The Watch Tower follow:

"It may be that many of the Lord's people were expecting more than they should have looked for to occur with the opening of the Jewish year 1915 [end of 1914]. , . . The human mind seems to have a natural tendency, and one with which we should have sympathy, to expect matters to culminate more rapidly, fulfilments to come more suddenly, than they ever do come."

The article then sets forth at length the Scriptural proof, and the understanding thereof, reviewing the history of the world from 606 B.C. down to October, 1914. The article then continues:

"Studying God's Word, we have measured the 2520 years, the seven symbolic times, from that year 606 B.C. and have found that it reached down to October, 1914, as nearly as we were able to reckon. . . . Many of us concluded that as far as we could see, October of this year [1914] would show the end of the Gentile lease of power; for when October comes

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we are getting down to the end of the Jewish year....

"Have the Gentile times ended or not? Some perhaps may be inclined to say, 'No; they have not ended.' Others would say, 'When the Gentile times shall have ended, we would expect that the Gentiles would be entirely ousted from all power and control, and that Christ's kingdom would be established. Were there not a great many things that we expected would take place when the Gentile times would end?' We find that some have one idea and others another. Some think that just the next hour after midnight would see a great change everywhere — evil blotted out in sixty minutes or in sixty seconds. . . . We do not think that any would have been justified in so thinking. . . . Has the kingdom begun in any sense of the word? We so believe. We think that the light now going forth is under the direction of the Captain of our Salvation. We think that the present distress amongst the nations is merely the beginning of this time of trouble."

"Some one may ask, Since the fulfilment of the various time prophecies demonstrates that God's methods of operating are slow, may it not be that the kingdom will not be ushered in for five, ten or even twenty-five years? Our reply is, we are not a prophet; we merely believe that we have come to the place where the Gentile times have ended. If the Lord has five years more for us here, we shall be very glad to be on this side of the veil; and we feel sure that all the Lord's truly consecrated children also will be glad to be on this side if it is the Lord's will. If the Lord has even one more year for us as good as the past year has been, what more could we ask?

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"Nothing could induce us to part with that knowledge of God and his plan in which we rejoice today. All the world over, that which makes the Lord's people appear happy is not special beauty on the outside, but the light on the inside, the light of the knowledge of the glory of God, the light of the knowledge of the divine truth in our hearts. This light shining through these earthen vessels is heart-cheering and comforting."

"But we cannot be far from our change; and we advise that all the Lord's people live day by day just as though this was the last day on this side of the veil, and that tonight or tomorrow would usher us into the glorious things beyond the veil. Living in this way will surely be at least a good experience for us, bringing blessings and ripening of character. What a blessed way to live! — every day in anticipation of seeing our Redeemer and sharing in his wonderful work! The things connected with this present time seem less and less important to us, on account of which our names are cast out as evil by those who are living for all they can get out of the present life.

"What may be done to our mortal bodies? None have the power to injure us as new creatures. We are waiting for our change, which will come to some in one way and to some in another. God be praised! His will be done! Our Master had a cup at the conclusion of his experiences, and it was an especially bitter one, his suffering as an evil-doer and as a blasphemer being especially severe. Under the Jewish law, blasphemy of God's name was really one of the most grievous crimes, and was especially punished by ignominious death. Jesus was not the blasphemer, but the scribes and Pharisees were the blasphemers.

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Yet Jesus was to die as the blasphemer, while those who were really doing the blaspheming were the ones who put him to death!

"We should not wonder if in the divine arrangement God might have some such bitter cup for the feet-members of the body of Christ. Why should we think so? For various reasons. We have so much favor from God that it would seem that we would deserve to have severer testings and a fuller and more bitter cup than others have had. Furthermore, the Scriptures seem to imply that it will be so.

"Elijah was a type of the church, and we remember that at his departure he went in a chariot of fire; and we believe that this symbolically represents the time of trouble on the church when the time of our departure shall come. Then, again, John the Baptist was a semi-type, the semi-antitype of Elijah. John's experiences were very bitter. ... So we should be well prepared for whatever cup of bitter experiences and ignominy the Lord may have for us."

The foregoing excerpts from the article mentioned show that the Lord's people then were in humiliation, represented by "sackcloth", because of the reproaches heaped upon them and the bitter experiences through which they were passing and expected to pass.

THE TIME

The article published in the November 1 issue of The Watch Tower would be in the hands of its readers by the end of the first week or about the seventh day of November, 1914. It shows the Elijah class in sackcloth. However, the Elijah class, God's people, continued to bear witness to the name of the Lord as best they could. "They shall prophesy" (bear wit-

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ness in this humiliated condition) 1260 days, or forty-two months, during which period of time they should be despised or trodden down, treated with contempt by those who hate God's kingdom, particularly by the clergy and the principal of their flocks. (Rev. 11: 2, 3) From and after the beginning of the World War in 1914 the Bible Students, which we use here synonymously with the term 'God's people', were "hated of all nations", just as Jesus foretold. (Matt. 24:9) They were thus trodden down, despised or treated with contempt.

Forty-two months of thirty days each, or 1260 days, which is equivalent to three and one-half years solar time, beginning the first week in November, to wit, November 7, 1914, would end on the 7th day of May, 1918. Now note that the Revelation account says: "And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast . . . shall overcome them, and kill them." (Rev. 11:7) Exactly forty-two months after the publication of the aforementioned "sackcloth" article in The Watch Tower, to wit, on the 7th day of May, 1918, all the officers of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, and who were then the publishers of The Watch Tower, were "overcome", in this, that they were arrested under warrant charging a violation of the espionage law and trading with the enemy, and their work stopped. They were "overcome" by stopping the work that day, and on the 20th day of June thereafter these same officers of the Society were sentenced to eighty years' imprisonment and, symbolically speaking, the work of the Society was killed, The "beast", and its 'overcoming' and 'killing' of them, will be more fully identified further on in this book. The point here emphasized, and which the

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facts prove, is that God's people for a period of forty-two months did prophesy or give testimony in an attitude of mourning and under reproach and until they were overcome by the enemy organization. The organization designated "the Society" stands for all of God's people working harmoniously together to the glory of God; and therefore the arrest and imprisonment of the officers directing the work would stand for, and does representatively stand for, all of God's people on earth in a like condition.

The treading down of "the holy city" (meaning those on earth who represented God's kingdom) by the opposers thereof covered a period of forty-two months, during which identical period of forty-two months God's faithful witnesses, represented by the two prophets Elijah and John the Baptist, gave testimony until they were 'overcome' at the end of that period of time and the work effectively stopped.

EFFECT OF THE TESTIMONY

Referring to the testimony of these " two witnesses", that is to say, all of God's faithful children pictured by the prophets Elijah and John the Baptist, it is written: "And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed." (Vs. 5) This statement of the Revelator applies to the 1260 days while the witnesses were testifying and before they were overcome and killed. "Hurt them" does not refer to the witness class as individuals, but to the witness work. God's witnesses consider not themselves. Their importance is only as instruments of the Lord. Anyone attempting to injure or hurt the witness work of the

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Lord must be resisted, and in this manner killed. The clergy did everything within their power to injure and hinder the witness work during that period of time, and constantly ridiculed and reproached God's people because they had said that 1914 would mark the glorification of the church and this had not come to pass. Then "fire proceedeth out of [the] mouth" of God's witnesses, in this, that their quotations from God's Word told the clergy what would come upon them and how the Lord would devour them. — Matt. 18: 6.

Some samples of such fiery messages from the Lord's Word are here cited. The Society published at that time a paper known as the Bible Students Monthly and issued Number ninety-nine of that paper, containing the article, "The Fall of Babylon," which was widely circulated. It pointed out God's expressed determination to destroy the opposers of the kingdom. On January 5, 1918, a resolution was adopted at the annual convention of the Society, which resolution was sent by special messengers to the president of the United States, to the secretary of war, and to the provost marshal of the United States army, calling attention to God's will concerning the forcing of men into bloodshed and what should follow.

Note that the Revelation does not say that physical violence shall be used, but that the Lord's people shall use truths destructive to the enemy, and these were used. It was the 'calling down of fire' upon the heads of the rulers of the nations. This conclusion is further supported by the fact that Elijah, who foreshadowed the witness work at this time, called down fire from heaven upon the enemies of God. (2 Ki. 1:10,11) God had foretold by his prophets that this is the man-

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ner in which the indignation of the Lord should be expressed by his people: "Wherefore thus saith the Lord God of hosts, Because ye speak this word, behold, I will make my words in thy mouth fire, and this people wood, and it shall devour them." (Jer. 5:14) "Is not my word like as a fire? saith the Lord; and like a hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces?"  — Jer. 23:29.

As further proof that "my two witnesses" means the church of God on earth doing a work foreshadowed by Elijah and John the Baptist, it is written: "These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will." (Vs. 6) The application of this is made by Jesus himself against Satan's organization when he says: "In the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land. . .. And all they in the synagogue . . . were filled with wrath." (Luke 4:25-28) The stopping of the promulgation of the truth is likened unto the taking away of rain, which is refreshing. During the World War God's faithful ones refused to pray that God would bless any of the warring nations as instruments of destruction. The clergy prayed for such blessings to result to their respective countries during the World War. The president of the United States, acting with them, asked all the clergy to unite in prayer for peace to be brought about by the war. The faithful followers of Christ Jesus refused to join in this prayer as requested. Had they prayed for the war to stop, God might have heard them; but it was not his will they should do so.

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In his due time God stopped the war 'for the sake of his elect'. The witnesses of God "have power over waters to turn them to blood". Shed blood is lifeless blood. The truth of God's Word told by God's faithful people during the war, concerning the war and the clergy and their part therein, was a lifeless potion to those representatives of Satan's organization, and therefore their table became unto them a snare and a trap. (Ps. 69: 22-26) The message of truth delivered during that forty-two-month period by God's people, and particularly during the latter part thereof, did "smite the earth [or visible part of Satan's organization] with all plagues". The faithful Elijah work continued, and the witnesses continued to pour the truth upon Satan's ranks until the witness work was 'overcome' and brought forth to be 'killed'.

THEIR FINISH

After the Elijah-John-the-Baptist witness work had been finished, at the end of the forty-two-month period, God permitted "the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit [to] make war against them" and "overcome them". (Vs. 7) The Diaglott and Rotherham render this word "beast" as "the wild beast". It is a symbol of Satan's rule of force, violence and oppression exercised by his visible organization known as the leaders of the principal nations of the world. During the war this rule of violence was especially made manifest in its espionage, its denial of the freedom of thought and speech, its dragooning for military service, its bloodthirsty and conscienceless urging of men into war; and like cruel things. This "beast" was coming out of the "pit" when it began to compel men to shed each other's blood. A

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more complete explanation of this wild beast coming out of the pit will be had in subsequent chapters of this book, particularly in dealing with chapters thirteen and seventeen of Revelation. Suffice here to say that the United States formed a part of that "wild beast", notwithstanding it claims to be the land of the free and the home of the brave.

On June 15, 1917, the United States enacted the conscription and espionage laws. Those acts were modeled after the laws of the British Empire. Prior to the World War Britain and America stood alone as nations relying upon voluntary military service, but immediately upon entering the World War America adopted the conscription law.

"Beast" is a symbol of Satan's organization; and the "wild beast", of which the United States and Britain form a part, made war on the people of God. In Canada and the United States this was begun by putting a ban on the literature published and distributed by the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society. Then began the persecution of the faithful witnesses and repeated attempts to compel them to purchase war bonds and war stamps to further the war machinery. This persecution reached a climax by the unjust enforcement of the espionage (spying on others) law. That law, enacted upon the pretext and claim of safeguarding the interests of the people, was misused by the clergy and their allies as a club to fight against the dissemination of God's Word of truth. The truth then due to be given to the people, and which was being given to mankind by Jehovah's faithful servant class on earth, rebuked and stung the clergy, Big Business, and the politicians, because of their unholy alliance and of their partnership in

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the shedding of innocent blood. Just as the words of John the Baptist rebuked and stung Herod and his wicked wife for their unholy alliance, just so the words of truth stung the chief ones in Satan's organization.

John the Baptist suffered death by beheading, thus foreshadowing the witness work, represented by him, as coming to a like end. Elijah was taken away amidst a fiery trouble, and foreshadowed that the Elijah work must cease amidst a fiery trouble, and which did cease, according to the facts, on the seventh day of May, 1918, with the arrest of the active servants of Jehovah's organization and the disruption of all relationship between the headquarters and the offices in foreign countries. "Even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth." (Rev. 2:13) "Antipas" means "against all", and God's faithful witnesses were wholly against Satan's organization.

DEAD BODIES

"And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified." (Vs. 8) Our Lord Jesus was crucified in the world, or the Devil's organization, and his witness work was likewise 'overcome and killed' in the same place. These small bodies of people forming the witnesses for the Lord on earth were now silent as death. Their work seemed to be completely done. As mute evidences of the injustice, fraud, lying and cruelty practiced against them, and as proof of the violation of liberty of speech, and, above all, as evidence of the defamation of God's word and name, the witness work of the

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faithful followers of Christ lay dead in the streets; not lying in state, but in the streets and in disgrace and exposed to the gaze of the mockers, and considered "as the filth of the world, and the offscouring of all things". (1 Cor. 4:13) "Their carcasses were as dung in the midst of the streets." — Isa. 5:25, margin.

They were not given an honorable burial, but were left exposed in the city (of Satan, which is called Sodom and Egypt, where Christ Jesus was crucified). The faithful witness work, which God had caused to be given to the world at its then greatest crisis and need, was made a stench in the nostrils of all the onlookers. The clergy and their allies, from their pulpits and through the public press, made this stench as detestable as possible. They pointed to those who had been giving testimony to God's Word and their work as worse than the worst enemies of the land. It was in the broadway of so-called Christendom, and which the Lord has named Sodom, that this witness work lay. In that wicked organization wherein was 'fulness of bread and pride, abundance of idleness' and cruelty, God's witness work had been killed and exposed as a detestable thing. In that organization on earth, which is anti-God and anti-Christ, under the control and rulership of Satan, whose ministers claim to be Christian, the real witness work was killed and the people turned away from the true God. The clergy were chiefly responsible for this condition. They will be the principal ones to suffer in the complete downfall of Satan's organization; and this is indicated by the names Sodom and Egypt, which suggest the manner of the destruction of Satan's organization.

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Those acts of cruelty to God's people and insults to Jehovah have not been done in a corner, but openly before all the nations of the earth. The common people will bear witness to the fact that during the war the Bible Students were only telling the people why the war had come, that Satan's world had ended, and God's kingdom was at hand, and that these were the evidences of the approaching blessings, and that their good work was ruthlessly stopped by the agents of Satan's organization.

The clergy seized upon the war as a pretext to stop the witness work concerning God's Word because they had contempt for God's kingdom. The Devil had completely gotten control of them and their allies and they were bent upon doing everything possible in opposition to the kingdom of the Lord, which they now trod down under foot. To be sure, Jehovah foreknew and foretold this: "And ye shall be hated of all nations for my name's sake." (Matt. 24:9) Jesus furthermore said that this shall be used against them as a witness. — Matt. 10:18; Mark 13: 9.

The "three days and an half " that their dead bodies lay in the streets does not seem to be either literal or symbolic time, but merely a time sufficient to cause a dead body to putrefy. In this we are reminded that when Lazarus died and Jesus came to the grave and directed the stone to be taken away, "Martha . . . saith unto him, Lord, by this time he stinketh, for he hath been dead four days." (John 11:17-39) The embalmed body of Lazarus stank in four days. An unembalmed body exposed three days in the open streets would become a terrific stench and cause the people to turn away their heads. That is exactly what the clergy and the Devil desired to accomplish, to wit,

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to make the common people look upon God's witnesses as the most detestable things.

In a short time after June 20, when the work was completely killed, the public press and the preachers had many things to say about the Bible Students which made them like a stench in the nostrils of the people. They said in substance: 'The Bible Students are done for forever.' One paper had this to say: "The finis of The Finished Mystery has been given." This stench, symbolized by the putrefying bodies, would furnish the unmistakable evidence as to the deadness of the Elijah-John-the-Baptist work. Exposing to shame would cause such putrefaction as would raise a great stench and make it a detestable thing, and such is symbolized as a thing that stinks. — Ex. 5: 21, margin; sec also 1 Sam. 13:4; Ps. 38: 5, 22.

No honorable burial was allowed the bodies symbolized by God's "two witnesses". The United States, contrary to the spirit of the fundamental law of the land, refused to allow the officers of the Society bail pending an appeal of their case, but kept them in prison and thus increased their ignominy and caused their brethren on the outside to be shunned. These also were exposed to ridicule and made to appear detestable in the eyes of the people. The ruling powers did not bury John the Baptist, but "when his disciples heard of it, they came and took up his corpse, and laid it in a tomb". (Mark 6:29) Thus ended the Elijah-John-the-Baptist work, and the enemy, to wit, Satan's agencies on earth who despised the kingdom, had brought about that condition.

And so the clergy and their allies, as indicated in verse ten, rejoiced over them and made merry and felicitated one another because these two prophets

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that had tormented them were, in their opinion, done for and their work ended. No human power or influence could again revive the witness work of the Bible Students, and the clergy had no thought that God would give a helping hand. Therefore they reasoned that 'this pestiferous crowd is dead and they are done for forever'. That was the cause of their exultation, and they felicitated one another and swaggered about, rejoicing in what they had accomplished.

Many consecrated young men were held in the army camps and were severely abused and brutally punished because they declined to disobey God and kill their fellow man. The clergy made no protest against such inhuman treatment inflicted by the government officers, but, on the contrary, exulted over it. In many places throughout the country clergymen incited and encouraged mobs to do violence to Bible Students. A great array of testimony giving the names of these persecutors and their atrocious deeds is set forth in Number twenty-seven of the Golden Age magazine. No clergyman raised his voice in favor of religious freedom or the right to speak truly the Word of God. They had completely made themselves a part of Satan's organization. It was a holiday for these agents of Satan on earth and they exchanged congratulations because they had been instrumental in bringing about the death of God's "two witnesses".

Some of those who had to do with destroying this witness work of the Lord were even decorated by the pope for their valiant deeds. This the Lord foretold by his prophet: "In mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together; yea, the smiters [margin, A.R.V.] gathered themselves together against me, . . . they did tear me, and ceased not: with

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hypocritical mockers in feasts, they gnashed upon me with their teeth." — Ps. 35:15,16.

REVIVED

God's spirit is not inactive for long toward his servants. He would not permit his work to 'lie dead' beyond the time it served his purposes. Therefore it is written: "And after three days and an half the spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet." (Vs. 11) Manifestly this refers to another short period of time sufficient to let the clergy and their allies put the Bible Students out of their minds. The excitement of the war and their many duties in getting young men into the trenches to be killed drew the attention of the clergy away from these faithful witnesses of God, who they supposed were done forever. But all that time the faithful ones outside of prison walls, as well as those inside, were seeking some way to witness to the name of the Lord. Shortly after the incarceration of the Society's officers God's witnesses, or rather his witness work, "stood upon their feet," not suddenly, but gradually.

On March 26, 1919, the prison doors were opened, by the Lord's grace, and in September of that same year thousands of Bible Students assembled in convention at Cedar Point, Ohio, at which time these faithful ones saw for the first time that the Elijah work was done and that there was another great work to be done, which was foreshadowed by the Prophet Elisha, and therefore the church must do this work. It was then clearly seen that Elisha was anointed in the place and stead of Elijah to finish the work of

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witnessing to the name of Jehovah. (1 Ki. 19:16) There is a company claiming to be followers of Christ, and yet who claim that since 1918 the Lord has had an entirely different class of people to represent him, and that none of the faithful ones have been engaged in his service. The Scriptural proof set forth above completely nullifies their claim and shows that, since Elisha was anointed to take Elijah's place, the Lord himself raised up the same company of men to do his work, and that the organization is God's and is one and the same organization. God raised up the same body, therefore proving that the same persons who finished the Elijah work began the Elisha work of the church. It was God who revived the witnesses, as stated in Revelation 11:11.

When Herod heard of Jesus' miracles he thought that John the Baptist had been raised from the dead, and doubtless was much alarmed. (Matt. 14:1,2) The assembling of God's people at Cedar Point, Ohio, in September, 1919, and the sudden reviving of the Lord's work, struck fear into the clergymen and their allies and caused them to tremble; hence it is written: "Great fear fell upon them which saw them." (Vs. 11) It was a fear-inspiring surprise to the clergymen and to their supporters. "For, lo, the kings [ruling factors] were assembled, they passed by together. They saw it, and so they marvelled; they were troubled, and hasted away. Fear took hold upon them there, and pain, as of a woman in travail." — Ps. 48: 2-6,12,13.

Doubtless the clergymen saw that they were in for a "trimming" before the people when they beheld the Bible Students boldly coming forth and declaring the message of God's kingdom and notifying the peo-

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ple to come and hear them tell why the clergy had stopped the witness work of the Lord's people of the year before. Instead of hiding the fact that their officers had been imprisoned, as the clergy expected them to do, the Bible Students placed full-page advertisements in the papers throughout the country calling attention to the fact that they had been sentenced to eighty years in prison for telling the truth and would now explain to the people why. Great crowds flocked to hear, and did hear, and the witness work was quickly revived.

At the Cedar Point convention in 1919, and in The Watch Tower, many scriptures were produced supporting the conclusion that the Elijah work ended in the fiery trouble of 1918 and that now the Elisha work of the church must begin. It was a voice from heaven, because it was Jehovah's voice. "And they [God's faithful witnesses] heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them." (Vs. 12) Here was the invitation from the Lord to his people to "gather yourselves unto me  — ye my men of lovingkindness, who have solemnised my covenant over sacrifice". (Ps. 50:5, Roth.) The Lord was gathering unto himself those who had been cast out. (Ps. 147:2) Satan had been cast out of heaven, where there was no room for him any more, and the Lord was now gathering his witnesses to himself to become a part of the new heavens and to do his kingdom witness work.

"Shake thyself from the dust; arise, and sit down, 0 Jerusalem: loose thyself from the bands of thy neck, O captive daughter of Zion. Awake, awake: put on thy strength, 0 Zion; put on thy beautiful garments,

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0 Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean." (Isa. 52: 2,1) "Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee. For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the Lord shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee." — Isa. 60:1,2.

'Ascending up to heaven in a cloud' pictures the fact that God's servants, rising out of the dust, were lifted up to heavenly privileges of service, attended by the glory of God, and given a part in his heavenly kingdom work to witness concerning the kingdom of heaven.

"And their enemies beheld them," that is to say, beheld the faithful servants of the Lord, the Bible Students, with greater zeal and enthusiasm than ever before and now forging forward in a great witness movement to the glory of Jehovah God. From 1919 on the work of organization amongst the Lord's people progressed orderly and rapidly.

EARTHQUAKE

Then the Revelator tells of "a great earthquake" that came in the same season. This was an agitation, a shaking of Babylon, or Satan's organization, so as to shake out therefrom those who loved God and who were pictured formerly by the Israelites in Babylon who eagerly desired to go up to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple of the Lord. The Lord 'stirred up the nest' where these consecrated people were located. (Deut. 32:11; Ps. 11:4-7; Ps. 50: 4, 5) God revived the witness work in 1919, and the shaking followed

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in that same season, as it is written: "And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven." — Rev. 11:13.

The original word here rendered "hour" is also rendered "time", "season." God's power causes earthquakes. The shaking or commotion which his operations caused then shook out from Babylon many who loved him. Truly, then, these fell away from and were lost to Babylon. Those who fled from Babylon after the beginning of the witness work in 1919, and who devoted themselves wholly to the Lord ever afterwards, formed a part of the remnant to do God's work in the earth.

It is important to note here that God speaks of those who returned from ancient Babylon as a "tenth". Jehovah by his prophet foreshadowed the great witness work to be done after the coming of the Lord to his temple. The evidence shows that this witness work began after 1919, and concerning it the Lord says: "[Until] the Lord have removed men far away, and there be a great forsaking in the midst of the land. But yet in it shall be a tenth, and it shall return, and shall be eaten; as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance is in them when they cast their leaves, so the holy seed shall be the substance thereof." — Isa. 6:12,13.

Be it noted that the "tenth" in this text is called "the holy seed", showing that it is God's servant class. These were cut off from Babylon and were slain and became dead to Babylon as a result of the Lord's shaking. They withdrew from the ecclesiastical church systems and took their stand boldly on the side of

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the Lord. Their names were then expunged from the ecclesiastical records and they were dropped from the rolls and counted as 'dead' by the clergymen. In fact, the faithful ones did become dead with Christ from that time forward and their lives were hid in the Anointed One by Jehovah. — Col. 3: 3, Diag.

They were translated from the powers of darkness (Babylon) into the kingdom of God's dear Son. (Col. 1:13) The transition work continued. These faithful ones are further identified as "seven thousand" slain; which is supported by God's word to Elijah, saying: 'Yet I have left me seven thousand in Israel which have not bowed the knee unto Baal or kissed him.' (1 Ki. 19:18) That company of seven thousand go to make up the remnant of the Lord, according to the inspired words of Paul. He quotes the words of the Lord above set forth, and then adds: "Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace." (Rom. 11:4, 5) There appears to be no other reason for Jehovah's making mention of the number "seven thousand" to Elijah than to have the remnant thus clearly pictured and to help us understand by mentioning the same thing in Revelation.

By far the greater number of God's remnant who are servants of the Lord, and doing his witness work today, are those who have left Babylon and come into present truth since 1919. At an international convention held in Germany in 1925 a poll of the great audience was taken and the result showed that more than half of those present came into the truth since 1922, and nearly all of them since 1919. A similar poll was afterwards taken at other conventions, proving the same general fact. The remnant not only for-

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sook Babylon, but in 1926 exposed her and denounced her in the language of the Scriptures, and then threw away from themselves all Babylonish customs, such as dress, names of holidays, sanctimoniousness, and like things, so that today nothing about the remnant can be called Babylonish. (Isa. 14:22) In Britain the Lord's people were more given to ecclesiasticism, but when they saw their proper position they quickly forsook everything pertaining to Babylonish customs. The long coats, black ties, sanctimonious faces, hanging heads 'like a bulrush', ceased amongst the gatherings of the Lord's people. Instead, those coming together were joyful in the Lord and their faces shone with joy to have a part in his witness work.

"And the remnant were affrighted," that is to say, those remaining in the church systems were affrighted. The remnant here does not refer to God's anointed people. The ecclesiastical leaders and workers became alarmed at the withdrawal of their members and tried to start revivals amongst their own company, and thus by a form of godliness they gave hypocritical "glory to the God of heaven", but their real reason for so doing was for their own interests. The clergy and the principal of their flocks cast out the names of those who had withdrawn from their church organizations, and in so doing claimed to be glorifying God; and this the Lord had foretold by his prophet. "Your brethren that hated you, that cast you out for my name's sake, said, Let the Lord be glorified." — Isa. 66:5.

As further support of the correctness of this conclusion the following is cited, to wit: The Interchurch World Movement; the "personal visitation" campaign of the nominal church workers; the announce-

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ment of radio ministers by the National Broadcasting Company, and the radiocasting of talks by those of high-sounding names. These Babylonish systems, forming a part of Satan's organization, in no wise repented and turned to God, even though they saw God's favor upon his people; and for this reason Babylon is marked for complete destruction. See Revelation eighteenth chapter. Had they repented there would have been no real reason for "the third woe", which must follow.

The withdrawal from Babylon of the "tenth part of the city", meaning a goodly number thereof, which number is mentioned as seven thousand souls, and which became a part of God's organization, must have been a smarting, stinging woe to Satan's organization, particularly the ecclesiastical element thereof. Not only were the ranks and numbers of the ecclesiastical company reduced, but those who withdrew became zealous for the Lord and, joining the Lord's army, marched on to the assault of the enemy by the proclamation of God's truth.

The sixth angel had sounded his trumpet, and "the second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly". (Vs. 14) Up to this point in the eleventh chapter of Revelation events are recorded stretching over a period of time from 1914 until the sounding of "the seventh angel". In that period there was a complete transition from the Elijah work of God's people to that foreshadowed by Elisha and done by the same people of God. A greater transition is that which marks the end of Satan's rule by permission and the beginning of the kingdom of the Lord, announcement of which must now be made.

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SEVENTH TRUMPET

It seems certain that the seventh trumpet would proclaim events of the greatest importance coming to pass. The greatest doctrine of God's Word is his kingdom, because the kingdom will vindicate the word and name of Jehovah. God's great drama was moving forward orderly, and each event exactly on time in harmony with his schedule. "And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever." — Vs. 15.

From this text, according to the rendering of the Authorised Version of the Bible, it might appear that Satan's world has become God's kingdom; but that is not the correct thought. The Diaglott rendering of the text is more nearly correct, which is: "The kingdom [the right of rulership] of the world has become" the kingdom (right of rulership, Ezek. 21: 27) of our Lord and his Christ. This latter rendering is supported by the Sinaitic and Alexandrine MSS. and the American Revised Version, Rotherham, and others. "The world" here means the new world beginning, which did begin in 1914, because it is then that Christ Jesus, whose right it is to rule, came into power.

Again the Lord sent his angel to carry out matters of great importance as pertaining to his people on earth. He caused his representatives or deputies, who are invisible to men, to direct what should be done by his visible servants on the earth. This is further proof of the completeness with which Jehovah keeps in his hand all his work. Everything is in his right hand; and he directs his servants, and they act according to his sovereign will. No creature can properly

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take credit for what is done, whether that creature be an invisible angel of heaven or some earthly servant. It might be well here to recall that when God sent his angels to deal with some of his earthly creatures the angels' names were not disclosed. These creatures, far greater than man, kept their names secret from man. The manifest purpose was that all glory and honor should be given to God. (Judg. 13:17,18) This must mean that the creature shall take no credit to himself for what he is privileged to do.

If it appears, then, that God's people on the earth have been used by the Lord to perform certain things in connection with the fulfilment of his prophecy, let these facts cause them to humbly fall before Jehovah God and give him all glory and all honor. Let no flattering titles or honor be given to men, for such is not pleasing to the Lord. (Job 32:22) God's people can today see where they have made this great error many times in the past; but henceforth let them be warned and hereafter give all the glory and honor to God, and none whatsoever to men.

From July 30 to August 6, inclusive, 1928, God's servant class held a convention at Detroit, Michigan. In that convention were consecrated men and women from many countries of the earth, speaking many tongues and languages. The clergy and their allies used every power at their command to keep the people in ignorance of the fact of this convention and to deter persons from attending. They would have prevented the shouting of the multitudes who did attend, if they could; but they could not. Satan and his agents have not power to prevent anything that God wills to have done. That was a service convention

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the general purpose of which was to make known the kingdom of God. The Society published its own paper for the occasion, called The Messenger, which gave a daily report of the events of the convention. From The Messenger the following is quoted:

'The most important event that ever happened in Detroit, or in Michigan, or in the United States, or on the American continent, or in the world, takes place this morning at 9: 30 when an address will be given on "Ruler for the People", over the greatest network of radio stations ever linked together in human history. . . . The wire network of these stations covers 33,500 miles of telephone lines, and 91,400 miles of telegraph lines. More than 500 telephone experts will superintend the network.' The New York Times said: 'The most extensive and expensive radio hook-up in history has been arranged for the International Bible Students next Sunday at Detroit. The speaker is an uncompromising foe of organized Christianity.' The "Washington (D. C.) Post, on August 6, said: 'The broadcast of Sunday morning's session of the International Bible Students Association, assembled yesterday morning in Detroit, included more than 100 stations, and therefore was the largest in the history of radio. . . . For the convenience of listeners in the Capital loud speakers were installed in the Pythian auditorium, and at several other points in the city. The visible audience in the auditorium numbered more than 12,000. In addition to that, loud speakers were placed in Belle Isle Park, about ten miles away in Detroit, where it is said another crowd assembled.'

The most important period of the convention was the Sunday morning session, August 5. Assembled at the Coliseum were upward of 12,000 earnest fol-

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lowers of Christ Jesus. The radio stations linked together numbered one hundred and seven, covering all parts of the United States and almost all of Canada, and with short wave channels carrying the message to foreign lands. There were many consecrated people assembled in similar groups at various points with loud-speakers installed, that they might listen to the radio; and therefore these similar groups formed a part of the convention and had a part in its proceedings. At the appointed hour a resolution was read setting forth in substance that Jehovah, the only true God, is the true Friend and Benefactor of mankind; that Satan's world has ended; and that Jehovah has placed his beloved Son Christ Jesus upon his throne to rule the world; and then the resolution called upon all nations and peoples to give their allegiance to God's kingdom. Then followed the speech in support of the resolution, the title of which was "Ruler for the People". At the conclusion thereof the resolution was enthusiastically adopted by a vote of the seen and the unseen audience.

"DECLARATION AGAINST SATAN AND FOR JEHOVAH

"The Bible Students in international convention assembled do declare themselves against Satan and wholly for Jehovah of hosts, and emphatically announce further these vital truths, to wit:

"First: That the peoples of earth organized into forms of government and under the control of a superior and invisible ruler constitute the world;

"Second: That Jehovah is the only true and Almighty God and the source of all just authority; that

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he is the King Eternal, the God of justice, wisdom, love and power and the true Friend and Benefactor of all creation;

"Third: That Jehovah delegated to his son Lucifer the authority to be the overseer of man; that Lucifer became disloyal, rebelled against God and caused man to fall away from righteousness, and since that rebellion Lucifer has been known by the titles Dragon, Serpent, Satan and Devil; that Satan the Devil has caused strife amongst the nations and is responsible for all the cruel wars, wicked murders, all heinous crimes and other corrupt acts that have been committed; that until now Jehovah has not restrained Satan from the exercise of power and influence over man; that for many centuries Satan has been the invisible ruler of the world, constantly defaming the name of Jehovah God and working great injury to men and nations;

"Fourth: That Jehovah promised that in his due time he would restrain Satan and establish a righteous government in the earth that men might have an opportunity for life everlasting in happiness; and to that end he anointed his beloved Son Jesus to be the Redeemer and invisible Ruler of the world;

"Fifth: That Jehovah's due time has come to fulfil his promise and to clear his reputation in the minds of all creation; that Christ Jesus has taken his high office as the executive of Jehovah and the great issue now is, Who is God, and who shall rule the peoples and nations?

"Sixth: That because Satan will not surrender his wicked rule over the nations and peoples of the earth, Jehovah of hosts with his anointed executive officer

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Christ Jesus will press the conflict against Satan and all of his forces of evil, and henceforth our battle-cry shall be, THE SWORD OF JEHOVAH AND OF HIS ANOINTED; that the great battle of Armageddon soon to begin will result in the full restraint of Satan and the complete overthrow of his evil organization, and that Jehovah will establish righteousness in the earth by and through Christ, the new Ruler, and will emancipate mankind from evil and bring everlasting blessings to all the nations of the earth;

"Seventh: Therefore the due time has come for all who love righteousness to take their stand on the side of Jehovah and obey and serve him with a pure heart, that they may receive the boundless blessings which the Almighty God has in reservation for them."

A full report of the resolution and the supporting address appeared in the Golden Age magazine of September 5, 1928. For further report of the proceedings of the radio hook-up broadcasting of the resolution and the supporting argument, see Watch Tower, September 15, 1928.

It seems quite convincing that the Lord through his angel directed the proceedings at that convention and afforded the opportunity for proclaiming it over the broadest area that any message ever delivered on earth up to that time had been broadcast. On Monday morning following, at four o'clock in the morning, the same resolution and supporting argument were broadcast by short wave from Detroit, Michigan, by wire connection with the large station at Schenectady, New York, for the special benefit of Australia, New Zealand and other islands of the sea.

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Shortly thereafter cablegrams were received from Australia and New Zealand announcing that the reception was splendid and well received. Cablegrams from the islands of Jamaica, Trinidad, and other B.W.I, points, likewise reported good reception.

This was an announcement that Jehovah is the King eternal and that he has set his beloved Son, earth's rightful Ruler, upon his throne. That the Lord directed it there can be no doubt, because no one connected with this convention had thought that its proceedings might be in fulfilment of Revelation 11:15. Nor did such a thought occur to any one, so far as known, for more than a year thereafter. "Jehovah hath become king." (Ps. 97:1, Roth.) "For the kingdom is Jehovah's, and he is the ruler over the nations." (Ps. 22: 28, A.R.V.) 'Jehovah hath set his king upon his throne.' (Ps. 2:6) Thus the Lord had long ago foretold what he would do, and which he did. The facts show that he set his King upon his throne in 1914, and here was the occasion for causing his people to make a proclamation of that fact to the nations and peoples of the earth. The resolution and the supporting address broadcast on that occasion were afterwards put in book form under the title "The Peoples Friend", and millions of copies in various languages were placed in the hands of the people. At that same convention the book entitled Government was released for distribution, and has since been widely distributed throughout the earth. These messages, symbolized by the "voices", are and were from heaven because what is therein stated is the Word of God, and not the message of man. The issue is squarely raised, Who shall rule the world? From that time forward such is the great

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issue, and God's anointed people are marching on with songs of praise proclaiming, 'Jehovah shall reign forever, by his Christ! Jehovah's name shall now be vindicated.' The Government book, released then and widely distributed since, especially emphasizes the fact that Jehovah is the Supreme One, and that his government, by and through his anointed, is the complete panacea for the ills of humankind, and that which will set the people free, and that therefore God's government is their great friend.

John's vision then shows the twenty-four elders that sat upon their seats or thrones as falling upon their faces, worshiping God, and saying: "We give thee thanks, 0 Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned." (Vss. 16,17) The "twenty-four elders", being double the number of the apostles, symbolically represent the kingdom class, those in heaven and those on the earth, to whom the Lord has said: "Enter thou into the joy of thy Lord." These worship not men, but worship the Supreme One and humble themselves under his mighty hand. (1 Pet. 2:17; 5:6) These say, not merely at prayer and testimony meetings, but aloud by speech and by radio and by millions of printed books proclaiming the fact, that God's kingdom has come; they say that the Lord took his power and began his reign in 1914, as the Scriptures and the facts show; and saying this they rejoice and give thanks to Jehovah and delight to become heralds of his kingdom.

Jehovah has always exercised supreme power over the universe aside from the earth; but now, by and through his beloved Son, he assumes authority over things pertaining to the earth: "And the nations were

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angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth." — Vs. 18.

The nations became angry in 1914, at the end of Satan's world. Jehovah's wrath came when his beloved One came to his temple in 1918 for judgment. (Ps. 11:4-6) Thereafter God's people came to a realization of the fact that the faithful sleeping saints had been resurrected about the time of the Lord's coming to his temple. — See Watch Tower, June 1, 1927.

"That thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets" applies to that class that prophesy or preach "this gospel of the kingdom". The prophets of old arc left out of the picture because "they without us should not be made perfect". (Heb. 11:40) But the faithful witness class on earth, and giving the witness, is symbolized by the two prophets Elijah and John the Baptist, which "two witnesses" "ascended up to heaven in a cloud". Thereafter their work is represented or foreshadowed in the events that came to pass in connection with Elisha the prophet. Therefore these witnesses are called "thy servants the prophets". Others mentioned are "the saints" and evidently include the 'prisoner' class or "great multitude", which are classed as "righteous" and which class must soon be fully manifested and come unto the reward God has provided for them. "Them that fear thy name" is another class mentioned and seems clearly to mean those who shall hear the message of truth and turn to the Lord before and

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during Armageddon and be forever on earth. — Mal. 3:16,17; 4:2,3; Ps. 115:13; 145:19.

Jehovah by his prophet tells of the ruling classes on earth, under Satan the invisible ruler, who have defiled the earth because they have transgressed his law, changed his ordinances, and broken his everlasting covenant. (Isa. 24:5) These wicked ruling factors have so corrupted the earth, that is to say, the organization of men on the earth, that God will destroy the wicked organization. This was better understood by the Lord's people after the explanation given in the Watch Tower of December 15, 1927. This is another proof that God reveals his truth to his people in his own due time.

The vision then discloses the temple of God in heaven opened. "And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail." (Vs. 19) This indicates that the time had come for the awakening out of death of those saints who had died faithful; and also for those on the earth, found faithful, to be brought into the temple class. This would mark the beginning of the fulfilment of the parable of the talents. (Matt. 25: 21) The opening of the temple would also disclose to those of the temple class what things are therein. "And there was seen in his temple the ark of his [covenant]." This would not mean that the temple class first had this understanding after the sounding of the seventh trumpet, but rather that the opening coincides in point of time with the beginning of the wrath of God, which words immediately precede. The ark of the covenant is seen in the temple. In the reign of King David the

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ark of the covenant was transferred from the house of Obed-Edom to Mount Zion, and that was occasion for song and great rejoicing, and a song was composed and sung by David telling of the presence of Jehovah for judgment.

The Scriptures show that the ark of the covenant is a symbol of the presence of Jehovah, and it is therefore a time for his people to rejoice: "Arise, O Lord, into thy rest; thou, and the ark of thy strength. Let thy priests be clothed with righteousness; and let thy saints shout for joy." — Ps. 132: 8, 9; see also Heb. 9:24.

The picture thereof, in Revelation 11:19, is that Jehovah, through his Messenger, Christ Jesus, has come to his temple and it is the time for the approved ones to greatly rejoice. "The Lord is in his holy temple." (Hab. 2:20) The Lord now comes to build up Zion, which is pictured by the transfer of the ark to Mount Zion: "When the Lord shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory." (Ps. 102:18) It is therefore the time for his people to say: "Save us, 0 God of our salvation, and gather us together, and deliver us from the heathen, that we may give thanks to thy holy name, and glory in thy praise."  — 1 Chron. 16: 35.

The blood of the atonement sacrifice was sprinkled upon the ark, representing the covenant by sacrifice. The completion of the covenant by sacrifice is Jehovah's chief consideration during the Christian era, and particularly so during the period of the fulfilment of the Revelation. The complete establishment of the kingdom hinges upon the performance of this covenant, and in symbol the "ark" of Jehovah is now present in order that the blood of this sacrificial cove-

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nant may be sprinkled upon it in due course. The location of the ark was the place where the tribes of Israel went up and had a rally. (Ps. 122:4) Now at this day God's faithful witnesses must rally to the performance of the covenant by sacrifice, and in so doing give praise to Jehovah's name.

The presence of the Lord in his temple is a time of great shaking and agitation and commotion, which is symbolically stated in the nineteenth verse. This shaking, agitation and commotion has been particularly true with reference to consecrated people and those who claim to be followers of Christ. This is enhanced by the lightnings from the Word of God. The faithful ones see the light upon God's Word and rejoice, and those not faithful become incensed at their brethren and are shaken out. The flashes of lightning from the Lord are followed by proclamations of the message of truth; and these messages of truth, hard and cutting, like hail, sweep away the covering of lies, and God's anointed joyfully proclaim the praises to his name, and continue to sing the new song.

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