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"Let Your Name Be Sanctified"

Chapter 3


A son deserves to know and ought to know the name of his father. Did the first man on earth know who his father was and did he know his name? Yes, he did. But no, the name of his father was not Ape, as worldly scientists of our nineteenth and twentieth centuries want us to think. Who, then, was the first man's father and what was his name? By going to the Book of the Name we can quickly find out. In the forty-second book of the Holy Bible, chapter three, verses 23 to 38, the writer Luke gives us the earthly line of descent of Jesus Christ all the way back to the first man. Counting from Jesus, we find a list of seventy-seven names, the last of which is Adam, who was the first man. But this last verse (Luke 3:38), which mentions Adam, does not stop the line of descent with him. It shows Adam's origin, saying: "The son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God." Adam was the earthly son of God, because God made him in a special direct creation separate from that of the fish, the birds and the subhuman animals, and God gave him life, like a father.

1 What does a son deserve to know, and how do we ascertain from Luke just who was the first man's father?

2 The account of man's special creation as given in the first book of the Bible, called Genesis, gives the name of his Creator. It was the name of the Creator of heaven and earth. (Genesis 1:1, 28; 2:4) The creation account says: "Jehovah God proceeded to form the man [Hebrew: a·dam'] out of dust from the ground and to blow into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man [a·dam'] came to be a living soul. Further, Jehovah God planted a garden in Eden, toward the east, and there he put the man [a·dam'] whom he had formed. Thus Jehovah God made to grow out of the ground every tree desirable to one's sight and good for food and also the tree of life in the middle of the garden and the tree of the knowledge of good and bad." (Genesis 2:7-9) So from the beginning Adam was the "son of God," and his Father's name was Jehovah, his heavenly Creator.

3 A son likes to talk with his father, and a father enjoys talking to his son. He wants to talk to his son to advise him. Though Jehovah God the heavenly Father was invisible to his earthly son, he talked to him and gave him advice regarding the way to eternal life in the garden of Eden. For one thing, Adam had to imitate his heavenly Father and work. The garden of Eden was to be no place of lazy ease and aimless living. The "book of Adam's history," as it is called in Genesis 5:1, says: "And Jehovah God proceeded to take the man [a·dam'] and settle him in the garden of Eden to cultivate it and to take care of it. And Jehovah God also laid this command upon the man [a·dam']: 'From every tree of the garden you may eat to satisfaction. But as for the tree of the knowledge of good and bad you must not eat from it, for in the day you eat from it you will positively die.'" — Genesis 2:15-17.

2. Whom does the creation account in Genesis show to be the father of the first man, and what does it give as his father's name?
3. Why did the heavenly Father want to talk to his earthly son Adam, and how was Adam to imitate his Father?

4 Jehovah did not desire his son to die and leave the garden of Eden without a cultivator and caretaker. He did plant the tree of the knowledge of good and bad in the garden of Eden; but the presence of that tree there in that Edenic paradise was nothing bad, for this tree was nothing bad in itself. Everything in this garden of Eden was good and perfect, as was also Adam himself. His heavenly Father did put, for the time being, an embargo or prohibition upon this special tree; but at the same time he warned his perfect son Adam, telling him why he should not eat of it. As Creator and Father, Jehovah God had the right to command and test the obedience of the son for the son's good. He had the right to promise punishment for the son's disobedience to his Father.

5 Perfect obedience in even the smallest of things was possible for God's perfect son. Disobedience in but the smallest thing would break his perfection. Since his holy Father in heaven is perfect, he could not permit anything imperfect to live forever in the Edenic paradise. The son, willfully becoming imperfect by disobedience to his perfect heavenly Father, must die, deservedly. It was good advice, therefore, that a later son of God on earth, namely, Jesus Christ, gave in his sermon on the mountain to his followers, saying: "You must accordingly be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect."  — Matthew 5:48.

6 In all the "book of Adam's history," from Genesis 2:5 to 5:1, the first man is not reported as saying his heavenly Father's name. However, his Father did gift Adam with the ability to name things. "And Jehovah God went on to say: 'It is

4. Why did Jehovah do nothing bad in putting the tree of the knowledge of good and bad in the garden of Eden, and what did he have a right to do as regards it?
5. Why would it be deservedly that Adam would die for disobedience, and what good advice therefore did Jesus Christ give as to being like the heavenly Father?
6. Is Adam reported as saying his heavenly Father's name, but what ability did God give Adam that he used respecting wild beasts, domestic animals and flying creatures?

not good for the man [a·dam'] to continue by himself. I am going to make a helper for him, as a complement of him.' Now Jehovah God was forming from the ground every wild beast of the field and every flying creature of the heavens, and he began bringing them to the man [a·dam'] to see what he would call each one; and whatever the man [a·dam'] would call it, each living soul, that was its name. So the man [a·dam'] was calling the names of all the domestic animals and of the flying creatures of the heavens and of every wild beast of the field, but for man there was found no helper as a complement of him." — Genesis 2:18-20.

7 It would be unreasonable to think that Adam would be able to call all those lower creatures by name and not also be able to call his heavenly Father by name. Not that Adam gave God his name. A son does not name his father. God gave himself his own outstanding name. He had no father or mother to name him. There is no such thing as a "mother of God," and such a thing is not mentioned in the inspired Word of God. God issued forth from no one's womb, and received body, form and life from no one. The "prayer of Moses, the man of the true God," says: "O Jehovah, you yourself have proved to be a real dwelling for us during generation after generation. Before the mountains themselves were born, or you proceeded to bring forth as with labor pains the earth and the productive land, even from time indefinite to time indefinite you are God." — Psalm 90: superscription, 1, 2.

8 The word "father" is not a personal name; it is a title held by creatures today. The word "God" is also a title, and not a personal name. There are many so-called "gods" today, as 1 Corinthians

7. What would it therefore be unreasonable to think regarding Adam's ability, but what does Psalm 90 indicate that Adam could not do as to God?
8. Why was it fitting for Adam back there to know the personal name of his heavenly Father who was also God?

8:5, 6 reminds us. To distinguish between fathers and gods, they must be named. Although back there, six thousand years ago, there were no false gods, yet it was fitting for Adam as a son to know the name of his heavenly Father, God the Creator.

9 Furthermore, the inspired account of earth's creation as set forth so grandly in Genesis, chapter one, was doubtless given to Adam while he was perfect in the garden of Eden. He needed it to satisfy his inquiring mind as to how all things about him came to be and how he himself got into this lovely paradise of Eden. This creation account has a colophon as its conclusion, which names the author of this creation account with these words: "These are the histories of the heavens and the earth, when they were created, in the day that Jehovah Elohim made earth and heavens." (Genesis 2:4, Da) In being given this creation account with its colophon, Adam would be given the name of its Author, God the Creator.

10 As the first man out of whom God was to produce all the rest of mankind, Adam in his perfection was made the spokesman or prophet for God to the human family. As head of the family he would be the visible means that God would use in communicating with mankind. As prophet, he would speak in God's name, to show who had designated him and who had sent him, and by whose authority he spoke. So it must have been from Adam that his first human companion learned God's name and also God's will.* This

* Here it is appropriate to refer to the Pugio Fidei written by the thirteenth-century Dominican monk, Raymond Martin, mentioned in chapter two, page 18. In this he translates a quotation from Bereshith Rabbah, a third-century Hebrew commentary expounding the book of Genesis verse for verse, often word for word. Martin quotes its commentary on Genesis 2:19 and following verses, according to which Adam names the flying creatures and land animals. Here the Bereshith Rabbah (17,4) sets out a tradition of Rabbi Acba, according to which God says to Adam: "And what is my name?" Adam answers: "tetragrammaton Jehova, sive Adonay,quia Dominus es omnium." That is to say, translated from the Latin of Martin: "tetragrammaton Jehovah, or Adonay, since you are Lord of all." This reference is also used to show that the form of the divine name, Jehovah, was used by Roman Catholic clergymen as far back as the thirteenth century. See photograph, page 19.
9. To satisfy Adam's inquiring mind, what account was doubtless given to him, and along with that account would go what information?
10. As the first man what was Adam made to the rest of mankind, and how, then, does it come that his first human companion is the first one reported using the divine name?

accounts for the fact that she is the first one reported using the divine name. — Genesis 4:1.

11 Perfect Adam, the lone human in the paradise of Eden, continued to cultivate it and care for it and to have dominion over all the lower animals and to live at peace with them. Obediently he did not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and bad; and so he kept on living in his human perfection. All the other fruit trees satisfied his needs for natural food, but he did not yet seek or find access to the "tree of life in the middle of the garden." (Genesis 2:9) This tree was doubtless reserved for him to eat after he had fully proved a loving son's perfect obedience to his heavenly Father. He worshiped his heavenly Father as God by obedient service and was perfectly happy.

12 The perfect, sinless Adam had sweet communion with his divine Father; and yet his Father saw that it was not good in the highest sense for his earthly son to continue by himself. All the other creatures on earth, whom Adam named, had their companions, their complements, male and female, but "for man [a·dam'] there was found no helper as a complement of him." Adam noted this fact, but he did not complain to his heavenly

11. How did Adam show his obedience while by himself in the garden of Eden, and what tree was doubtless held in reservation for him to eat from?
12. (a) Despite Adam's communion with God, what did God see was not good in Adam's case, and why? (b) How did God proceed to balance matters?

Father about it. Out of love for his human son God now acted to suit Adam with a helpful complement.

"Hence Jehovah God had a deep sleep fall upon the man [a·dam'] and, while he was sleeping, he took one of his ribs and then closed up the flesh over its place. And Jehovah God proceeded to build the rib that he had taken from the man [a·dam'] into a woman and to bring her to the man [a·dam']. Then the man [a·dam'] said: "This is at last bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh. This one will be called Woman [ish·shah'], because from man [Hebrew: ish] this one was taken.'"  — Genesis 2:21-23.

13 With complete satisfaction Adam called her his true complement. She was Ish·shah', whereas he was Ish. She was the first ish·shah' ("female man") of her kind on earth. Later Adam gave her a personal name: "After this Adam called his wife's name Eve [that is, Living One], because she had to become the mother of everyone living." (Genesis 3:20) This was the first human marriage, and it was performed in paradise, the earthly garden of Eden. God the Creator performed this marriage of a perfect couple, ideally matched. They had one God, Jehovah; and, as head and prophet, Adam led Eve his wife in the worship of Jehovah, their Creator and Father.

14 God set before this young married couple a purpose in living. It was not to prepare themselves on earth to live in heaven with God their Father. Heaven is not man's final home. Eternal life in an invisible spirit realm is not man's destiny appointed by God. "It is even so written: 'The first man Adam became a living soul.' . . . The first man is out of the earth and made of dust... As the one made of dust is, so those made of dust

13. (a) What did Adam call her as his complement, but what personal name did he give her. and why? (b) What can be said with regard to this first human marriage, and what was the religious situation of the married couple?
14. (a) What scriptures are given to show that heaven is not man's destiny appointed by God? (b) According to Genesis 1:27, 28, what was God's purpose set before Adam and Eve?

are also; . . . flesh and blood cannot inherit God's kingdom." (1 Corinthians 15:45, 47, 48, 50) "As regards the heavens, to Jehovah the heavens belong, but the earth he has given to the sons of men [a·dam']." (Psalm 115:16) So the purpose set before Adam and Eve was exclusively earthly, to live to see the whole earth filled with their big family, with billions of descendants, and then to keep on living with them forever in perfect happiness in a paradise that covered all the earth. Jehovah God told them that this was his purpose for them. Hence the creation account over God's own signature says:

"God proceeded to create the man in his image, in God's image he created him; male and female he created them. Further, God blessed them and God said to them: 'Be fruitful and become many and fill the earth and subdue it, and have in subjection the fish of the sea and the flying creatures of the heavens and every living creature that is moving upon the earth.'" — Genesis 1:27, 28.

15 This opened up the opportunity for many more marriages in perfection in the paradise of Eden between the sons and daughters of Adam and Eve and between all the descendants of these sons and daughters. That is why, after Adam had accepted his wife in her beautiful marriage-day perfection, the "book of Adam's history" says: "That is why a man [ish] will leave his father and his mother and he must stick to his wife [ish·shah'] and they must become one flesh." (Genesis 2:24) Here we should not fail to note what that other perfect son of God on earth, Jesus Christ, said in his discussion of marriage. He said that God gave to his earthly son Adam but one wife, to fulfill this grand purpose for all the earth. Having one wife, without divorce —  that was the perfect marriage standard for man. That was the paradise standard.

15. What opportunity did that first human marriage open up for the paradise of Eden, and what was the paradise standard in this regard as stated by Jesus Christ?

16 Hence in reply to religious questioners about divorce Jesus Christ said: "Did you not read that he who created them from the beginning made them male and female and said, Tor this reason a man will leave his father and his mother and will stick to his wife, and the two [not, three, or more; but, the two] will be one flesh'? So that they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore, what God has yoked together let no man put apart." — Matthew 19:4-6.

"God had taken the woman out of man by building her up from a rib taken from Adam; and God reunited her with Adam by yoking her with him in marriage, to be man's complement and helper. In harmony with this, "a man ought not to have his head covered, as he is God's image and glory; but the woman is man's glory. For man is not out of woman, but woman out of man; and, what is more, man was not created for the sake of the woman, but woman for the sake of the man. Besides, in connection with the Lord neither is woman without man nor man without woman. For just as the woman is out of the man, so also the man is through the woman; but all things are out of God." (1 Corinthians 11:7-9, 11,12) Marriage ties were to endure, and woman was to recognize man, God's image, as her head.


18 As Adam and Eve joyously and harmoniously went about their occupations in the paradise of Eden, they showed the highest respect for the name of their heavenly Father. They held his name sacred, that is, they sanctified it, and they

16. What unity did God thus establish, and what should no man do respecting it?
17. (a) What was the relationship between the man and the woman as regards glory, origin and the continuance of mankind? (b) How long were marriage ties to endure, and with whom as head?
18. How, with such a human start in the paradise of Eden, do we account for mankind's attitude and actions toward God's name today, and what does it need especially now?

called upon his name in worship. How is it, then, that among the about three billion descendants of Adam and Eve on earth today, the heavenly Father's name is so little known and respected, so much taken in vain and treated with disdain, subjected to so much reproach, and almost banished from mention in religious circles? It is all because, in course of time, God's holy name was profaned back there in Eden's paradise by three individuals who departed from their perfection. So what we see today in man's relation to God's name is merely the grand climax of the bad consequences that have flowed from that first profanation. If ever that holy name needed sanctification, it is now.

19 Back in Eden God had a name for speaking the truth. Adam and Eve accepted as truth God's statement concerning the tree of the knowledge of good and bad: "In the day you eat from it you will positively die." (Genesis 2:17) What was Eve's surprise, then, to be faced with the statement that Jehovah God was a liar! No, it was not her husband Adam who made this statement, but a third individual in Eden did so by operating unseen through a serpent at the tree of the knowledge of good and bad, the forbidden tree.

20 Eve had never desired that fruit before. The serpent talking about it did not use the name Jehovah, but referred to him by his title God.

21 As if not certain that the information was correct and as if the information were really unbelievable, the serpent said: "Is it really so that God said you [two] must not eat from every tree of the garden?" To this Eve replied, according to the information from her prophet husband: "Of the fruit of the trees of the garden we may

19. How had Adam and Eve viewed God as to truthfulness, but how did a surprising statement with respect to that come to Eve?
20. How did the serpent refer to her heavenly Father?
21. How did the serpent lead off in talking to Eve, and according to what information did Eve reply?

eat. But as for eating of the fruit of the tree that is in the middle of the garden, God has said, 'You must not eat from it, no, you must not touch it that you do not die.'" — Genesis 3:1-3.

22 Attacking God's name for being truthful and honest, and also her husband's name for being a true prophet of Jehovah, the serpent said: "You [two] positively will not die. For God knows that in the very day of your eating from it your eyes are bound to be opened and you are bound to be like God, knowing good and bad." (Genesis 3:4, 5) The serpent thus encouraged her, not to make a Jehovah of herself, but to make a goddess of herself, to make herself "like God, knowing good and bad." The serpent's argument was, What is wrong with having the knowledge of good and bad? Does not God himself have it, and is that bad? But God is bad in trying to keep his earthly children from having such knowledge. Thus they simply have to depend upon him to determine what is good and what is bad. To keep this ability for self-determination from his earthly children, God was threatening them with the extreme penalty of death.

23 By saying this, the serpent became the instrument for telling the first reported lie in the universe. The one behind the serpent made his own self a liar by branding Jehovah God a liar. Concerning that one the Son of God, Jesus Christ, said to men who wanted to kill him: "You are from your father the Devil, and you wish to do the desires of your father. That one was a manslayer when he began, and he did not stand fast in the truth, because truth is not in him. When he speaks the lie, he speaks according to his

22. (a) Whose name did the serpent attack, and what did it encourage Eve to make of herself? (b) What was the serpent's line of argument?
23. By saying that, what did the serpent become, and what did Jesus Christ say regarding the one behind the serpent?

own disposition, because he is a liar and the father of the lie." — John 8:44.

24 Before this "father of the lie," what should Eve do now? Why not ask her husband, who was not only her head responsible for making decisions but also the prophet of Jehovah? Ah, but this matter of self-determination like that of God had been suggested to Eve, and she was drawn to get into the spirit of self-determination. The power of self-determination was wrapped up in that fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and bad. Instead of resenting the base slander that her heavenly Father was a liar who wanted to monopolize the knowledge of good and bad; instead of coming to the defense of His name, Eve kept looking at that forbidden fruit from the false standpoint. Now that fruit did not appear death-dealing; it looked more and more inviting the more she kept looking at it.

25 The process that can draw even a perfect creature into sin against God was now in operation in Eve. The Christian disciple James must have had her in mind when he wrote: "When under trial, let no one say: 'I am being tried by God.' No; for with evil things God cannot be tried nor does he himself try anyone. But each one is tried by being drawn out and enticed by his own desire. Then the desire, when it has become fertile, gives birth to sin; in turn, sin, when it has been accomplished, brings forth death." — James 1:13-15.

26 Accordingly Genesis 3:6 reports: "Consequently the woman saw that the tree's fruit was good for food and that it was something to be longed for to the eyes, yes, the tree was desirable

24. What should Eve now have done, but by what independent thinking was she drawn to view that fruit from the false standpoint?
25. What process toward sin as described by the disciple James was now in operation in Eve?
26. What feature about eating the forbidden fruit did Eve lose sight of, and what questions involved in the issue did she blind herself to?

to look upon. So she began taking of its fruit and eating it." Eve let her desire for the fruit and its newly advertised qualities unbalance her judgment. She lost sight of what her taking it and eating would mean: disobedience to her heavenly Father and God! She was blinded to the issue or the point now in question, the point now put in dispute: Was her own heavenly Father a liar? Was her husband a prophet of falsehood? Was it proper, was it theocratic, for her to be subject to her Father and God and to her husbandly head? Would she continue to be a child of God or now become a child of the one who tore down her Father's good reputation, namely, a child of the Devil, a member of the family of liars? By disobeying her heavenly Father, would she break her worship of him and move away from pure, true, clean and undefiled religion? — James 1:26, 27.

27 All this was bound up in the issue upon which Eve had to decide. God's holy name was bound to be affected; yes, all her descendants down to us today were to be affected by Eve's decision. The religious and moral condition of mankind today argues that the Bible record is true, that Eve did decide in favor of the Devil, the Slanderer of Jehovah God, and that she entered into transgression. But would her husband approve of this? She would see!

28 The plain Bible record continues: "Afterward she gave some also to her husband [ish] when with her and he began eating it. Then the eyes of both of them became opened and they began to realize that they were naked. Hence they sewed fig leaves together and made loin coverings for themselves." (Genesis 3:6,7) Eye did not just hand her husband the forbidden fruit; she also talked to him and used her feminine

27. What does the religious and moral condition of mankind today argue as to Eve's decision?
28. Though Adam ate the fruit at Eve's hand, what did she have to do toward him?

influence to persuade him to transgress God's law with her, to the reproach of God's name.

29 To our sorrow today, Adam did not correct her and brand the Devil as a liar, the way the later Son of God on earth, Jesus Christ, did. As God's prophet, Adam did not defend Jehovah's name and reputation. He did not declare himself first, last and all the time in favor of God's pure form of worship, the clean, undefiled religion. Adam did not live up to his responsibility as a husband and head of the wife. He did not refuse to be led in the wrong direction by his wife, who now wanted to take the lead contrary to God's arrangement. Regardless of the cost that would have to be borne, Adam let the clearly recognized lie and slander against the name of his heavenly Father stand. Adam willfully brushed God's law aside and listened to his lawbreaking wife, who wanted to make a goddess of herself, a prophetess, an oracle of a new religion or form of worship. According to the law of consequences the result of this would be that stated by the Christian apostle John: "Everyone that pushes ahead and does not remain in the teaching of the Christ does not have God." (2 John 9) But Adam pushed ahead.

30 God's holy name had now been profaned, in heaven by the unseen spirit creature behind the serpent, and on earth by the first man and woman. It now came to need sanctification. Jehovah God, whose name is Jealous, according to Exodus 34: 14, at once decided for its sanctification. As a disowned Father and as a Judge, he now presented himself before his disobedient creatures. Adam confessed his breakdown regarding his husbandly headship and responsibility by saying: "The woman [ish·shah'] whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit from the tree and so I ate it." The

29. What obligatory things did Adam neglect to do, and what did his pushing ahead leave him without?
30. Profanation of what had now taken place, and for what did he decide and begin to act by bringing Adam and Eve to judgment?

would-be goddess Eve confessed to bad judgment and to being fooled by saying: "The serpent —  it deceived me and so I ate." — Genesis 3:8-13.

31 Jehovah God now made it plain that his name is holy or sacred and that it cannot be slandered and profaned without well-deserved punishment. To the original Slanderer, who had slyly held back from mentioning God's personal name itself, he said: "Because you have done this thing, you are the cursed one out of all the domestic animals and out of all the wild beasts of the field. Upon your belly you will go and dust is what you will eat all the days of your life. And I shall put enmity between you and the woman and between your seed and her seed. He will bruise you in the head and you will bruise him in the heel." (Genesis 3:14, 15) Jehovah God thus made known that there would be one woman that would not have friendship with the Devil, the symbolic Serpent. That woman was God's own holy organization in heaven, which holy organization of spirit sons of God was unbreakably wedded to Him and was subject to him as a godly wife should be to her godly husband. In God's due time this heavenly organization would bring forth a Seed who would fatally bruise the symbolic Serpent in the head for profaning God's name. This Seed would be the instrument to sanctify God's holy name.

32 God now turned to the woman who wanted to start a new religion and who pushed ahead of her husbandly head and took the lead for the whole human family in defiling God's name. He said: "I shall greatly increase the pain of your pregnancy; in birth pangs you will bring forth children, and your craving will be for your husband [ish], and he will dominate you." (Genesis

31. In addressing the symbolic Serpent, how did Jehovah make it plain that his name is holy and not to be profaned without punishment and that it will be sanctified in due time by a certain agent?
32 What did God say to Eve about woman's subjection, and hence what rule did Paul set forth for the Christian congregation?

3:16) Because of this divine declaration that the man was to dominate the woman, the Christian apostle Paul set forth the rule for the congregation of pure worshipers: "Let a woman learn in silence with full submissiveness. I do not permit a woman to teach, or to exercise authority over a man, but to be in silence. For Adam was formed first, then Eve. Also, Adam was not deceived, but the woman was thoroughly deceived and came to be in transgression." (1 Timothy 2:11-14) Let it be noted that God did not tell Eve that she herself would be the mother of the promised Seed who should sanctify God's name.

33 When now addressing Adam, Jehovah God as Judge did not weaken. He upheld the majesty of his own published law. He did not use the modern Freudian psychology and argue that Adam had been insane when he violated the supreme law and hence was not responsible for his act and did not deserve to die. God has self-respect — respect for his name and for his perfect law. In his perfect estimation of values he knew that the sanctification of his name before all heaven and earth was more valuable and important than the salvation of willful sinners. So to the responsible sinner Adam God said:

34 "Because you listened to your wife's voice and took to eating from the tree concerning which I gave you this command, 'You must not eat from it,' cursed is the ground on your account. In pain you will eat its produce all the days of your life. And thorns and thistles it will grow for you, and you must eat the vegetation of the field. In the sweat of your face you will eat bread until you return to the ground [a·da·mah'], for out of it you [Adam] were taken. For dust you are and to dust you will return." — Genesis 3:17-19.

33. When addressing Adam, God upheld and respected what things, and what estimation of values did he make known?
34. What did God say to the sinner Adam?

35 This meant that Adam would have to get out of the paradise of Eden and die outside. Out he went, for the divine Judge enforced the sentence. "And Jehovah God went on to say: 'Here the man has become like one of us in knowing good and bad, and now in order that he may not put his hand out and actually take fruit also of the tree of life and eat and live to time indefinite, — ' With that Jehovah God put him out of the garden of Eden to cultivate the ground from which he had been taken. And so he drove the man out and posted at the east of the garden of Eden the cherubs and the flaming blade of a sword that was turning itself continually to guard the way to the tree of life." (Genesis 3:22-24) Adam was put in no prison to die. He was put out of Eden's paradise so as to be kept away from the tree of life, and was given the free run of the earth outside.

36 If Adam did not deserve to live in paradise on earth and never got back into it, then he certainly did not deserve to live ever in heaven. He died outside the paradise of Eden and outside of heaven, while the superhuman cherubs and the continually turning flaming blade of a sword were guarding the way back to the paradise and its tree of life. The written record of the divine Judge mentions that fact, to notify all of us that the sentence of death was fully carried out: "So all the days of Adam that he lived amounted to nine hundred and thirty years and he died."  — Genesis 5:5.

37 Where did Adam go? Not to heaven, not back to Eden's paradise, but back to the ground (a·da·mah') from which he had been taken. For nine hundred and thirty years a "living soul" on

35. Did God enforce the sentence upon Adam with imprisonment or how?
36. What shows whether Adam deserved to live ever in heaven, and how are we notified of God's full execution of sentence upon Adam?
37. At death where did Adam go, and what did he become?

earth, he now became a dead soul in the earth, in the ground. — Genesis 2:7.

38 What did that profaning of God's name by Adam result in to us today? The Christian apostle Paul sums it up for us in his letter to the congregation at Rome, Italy, saying: "Through one man sin entered into the world and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men because they had all sinned — . Nevertheless, death ruled as king from Adam down to Moses, even over those who had not sinned after the likeness of the transgression by Adam, who bears a resemblance to him that was to come. . . . through one trespass the result to men of all sorts was condemnation, . . . through the disobedience of the one man many were constituted sinners, . . . sin ruled as king with death." (Romans 5:12,14, 18,19,21) It is to be expected, then, that the sanctification of God's name by the obedience of the one to whom Adam at first bore a resemblance will result in a reign of life for all those who hold God's name sacred.

38. (a) How did Paul sum up the result to us of that profanation of God's name? (b) In contrast, what should the sanctification of God's name result in?

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