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"Let Your Name Be Sanctified"

Chapter 4


In heaven and on earth outside the paradise of Eden the big question became, Who will be the Seed of God's woman for bruising the head of the symbolic Serpent, the Devil or Slanderer, and thus removing the profanation of God's name? The affairs in heaven and earth deserved close watching to learn the answer. Jehovah, of course, foreknew who it would be, for He "is doing these things, known from of old." — Acts 15:17, 18.

2 Marriage outside the paradise of Eden was not ideal, the way it had been for the perfect Adam and Eve in paradise. If ever Eve knew the domination of her husband, she knew it now outside paradise, now that her husband had become a condemned sinner. It was in fulfillment of God's judgment upon her. — Genesis 3:16.

3 The time came for Eve to bear her first child. What was its name? For some reason Adam did not use his husbandly, fatherly right to name it. The "book of Adam's history" reports: "In time she gave birth to Cain [meaning 'Acquisition,' or, something acquired] and said: 'I have acquired

1. What became the big question in heaven and earth, and who foreknew the answer?
2. How was marriage out of paradise, and what did Eve get to know in fulfillment of God's judgment upon her?
3. How could Eve say she had acquired a man with Jehovah's aid, and what fact did her exclamation at Cain's birth prove?

a man with the aid of Jehovah.'" (Genesis 4:1) She could say that because, in his judgment upon her, Jehovah had said that he would greatly increase the pain of her pregnancy and that in birth pangs she would bring forth children. By her exclamation at Cain's birth Eve gave proof that she knew God's name. "Later she again gave birth, to his brother Abel." — Genesis 4:2.

4 Both Cain and Abel were born imperfect, dying, outside of paradise. The meaning of Abel's name would suggest this, if we are correct in understanding it to mean, "breath; vapor; transitoriness." No worship of Jehovah God by Adam and Eve outside of Eden is reported. They were condemned sinners and had no basis for approaching him. He had given Adam and Eve no hope of a resurrection from the dead. Outside the paradise of Eden they were not serving him. However, for personal reasons Cain and Abel felt the need to gain God's favor, for his cherubs stood posted at the east of the garden of Eden to block the way to the tree of life inside. Cain and Abel knew that they were alienated from him. Quite properly they brought gifts in approaching the God whom their parents had offended with reproach to His name. Still, Jehovah God had mentioned to the serpent the seed or offspring of the woman, and this allowed for the impression that there was some hope for the offspring of Eve.

5 Note the difference between the two men in the way in which they approached God, likely in the presence of those cherubs to the east of the garden of Eden. Both brought gifts, but Abel had a personal quality that made him acceptable to God. What was that? Faith. Regarding faith it

4. What did Cain and Abel feel the need of gaining, and what basis was there for some hope of gaining it?
5, 6. (a) What difference was there between Cain and Abel in how they approached God, and why was what Abel presented superior to what Cain presented? (b) What could Abel's sacrifice well foreshadow, and how did God show the suitableness of the sacrifice?

was written thousands of years later: "Without faith it is impossible to please him well, for he that approaches God must believe that he is and that he becomes the rewarder of those earnestly seeking him." (Hebrews 11:6) Abel had such faith. To this the apostle Paul testifies, saying: "By faith Abel offered God a sacrifice of greater worth than Cain, through which faith he had witness borne to him that he was righteous, God bearing witness respecting his gifts; and through it he, although he died, yet speaks." (Hebrews 11:4) Cain brought an offering; Abel brought a sacrifice. Cain offered "some fruits of the ground" that he had cultivated as a sweating farmer. Abel offered to God, who can give and take away life, a life. Not his own life, but that of some sheep of the flock that he shepherded. "But as for Abel, he too brought some firstlings of his flock, even their fatty pieces." — Genesis 4:3,4.

6 Abel shed their blood, pouring out their life to God in representation of the life that was needed to be offered in order for life to be restored to the dying sons of Adam like Abel. This was why Abel's offering had more worth than that of Cain, which was bloodless. Abel's sacrifice of some firstlings of his flock could well foreshadow the sacrifice of human life by one whom John the Baptist called "the Lamb of God that takes away the sin of the world." (John 1:29,36) God saw the suitableness of Abel's sacrifice and approved it, and so he showed his acceptance of it. "Now while Jehovah was looking with favor upon Abel and his offering, he did not look with any favor upon Cain." — Genesis 4:4,5.

7 Both men doubtless called upon the name of Jehovah, which they had learned from their parents. But Cain did so without faith. He felt that, as the first-born of mankind, Jehovah God owed

7. How did Cain call upon Jehovah's name, and what warning did he get from Jehovah, and why?

it to him to show him divine favor. When God favored Abel his younger brother, Cain was not humbled into copying Abel's example and offering the sacrifice of a clean animal; "Cain grew hot with great anger, and his countenance began to fall." (Genesis 4:5) God warned Cain that a great sin was lurking at his door, craving to pounce upon Cain, and he ought to get the mastery over it if he wanted to win God's favor. — Genesis 4:6,7.

8 Later Cain got his brother out into the field away from observation by Jehovah's cherubs and assaulted him and killed him. (Genesis 4:8) That was no way for Cain to become a son of God; it was the way for Cain to become a son of the Devil, the seed of the Great Serpent. Cain did not love God, whom Cain could not see, for he did not love his own brother Abel, whom he could see and upon whom God's favor rested. "He who carries on sin originates with the Devil, because the Devil has been sinning from the beginning. ... we should have love for one another; not like Cain, who originated with the wicked one and slaughtered his brother. And for the sake of what did he slaughter him? Because his own works were wicked, but those of his brother were righteous."  — 1 John 3:8,11,12; 4:20.

9 Cain became cursed like the Great Serpent, the Devil, and was banished from the neighborhood of the garden of Eden. He was barred from making any approach to God with an offering. "The sacrifice of the wicked ones is something detestable to Jehovah, but the prayer of the upright ones is a pleasure to him. The sacrifice of the wicked ones is something detestable. How much more so when one brings it along with loose conduct." — Proverbs 15:8; 21:27.

8. How did Cain show that he did not love the invisible God, and whose son did Cain make himself, according to John's comment?
9. How was Cain barred from making any further approach to God with an offering?

10 Accordingly Cain "took up residence in the land of Fugitiveness [Nod] to the east of Eden." He dominated over his wife, one of Eve's daughters who had been given him as a wife; and he obliged her to come along with him into banishment. There she bore Cain a son named Enoch. Cain in fear built a city for his protection. He named the city, not in honor of Jehovah God, but in honor of his son Enoch. Cain's great-great-great-grandson, Lamech, departed from the paradise standard of marriage and married two women, Adah and Zillah. Like his forefather Cain, Lamech killed a young man and then warned anyone against taking vengeance upon him, by threatening him with eleven times the amount of punishment.  — Genesis 4:9-24.

11 When Abel was murdered, there appeared to be no other man on earth having God's manifest approval at that time. Abel is the first one in the long list of names that the twelfth chapter of the book of Hebrews refers to in these words of encouragement: "So, then, because we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also put off every weight and the sin that easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us." (Hebrews 12:1) Thus Abel is the first one named of the "so great a cloud of witnesses." This means that Abel was the first approved witness of Jehovah God on earth, and that the "so great a cloud of witnesses," which surrounded Hebrew Christians in the days of the twelve apostles, began to form with Abel, the first martyr. Abel is the first one of the long line of witnesses of Jehovah that has continued down through the millenniums to our day. So, then, Jehovah's witnesses are not a mere phenom-

10. (a) Where did Cain go and with whom, and how did he name his city? (b) How did Lamech depart from the right standard of marriage and also imitate Cain?
11. Who is included first in the "cloud of witnesses" spoken of in Hebrews 12:1, and so who today are no mere religious sect of this century?

enon or religious sect formed in this twentieth century. — Hebrews 11:4-40; Isaiah 43:10-12.

12 In Adam's family it seemed the proper thing to have some replacement of the approved, Godfearing Abel. Evidently soon after Abel's death what is reported in Genesis 4:25 took place: "Adam proceeded to have intercourse again with his wife and so she gave birth to a son and called his name Seth [meaning 'Set; Put; Appointed'], because, as she said: 'God has appointed another seed in place of Abel, because Cain killed him.' " How old was Adam then? Genesis 5:3-5 answers: "And Adam lived on for a hundred and thirty years. Then he became father to a son in his likeness, in his image, and called his name Seth. And the days of Adam after his fathering Seth came to be eight hundred years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters. So all the days of Adam that he lived amounted to nine hundred and thirty years and he died." Because of Adam's age when he became father to Seth, after Abel's violent death, it is thought that Abel may have been around one hundred years old at his death. In harmony with the substitution of Seth for Abel, the long line of descent down to the human birth of the promised Seed of God's "woman" runs from Seth, not from Abel, although Seth is not named as a witness of Jehovah in Hebrews, chapter eleven. — Luke 3:23-38.

13 Seth had a son, in whose days something was started that was to prove disastrous to that ancient world. "Seth lived on for a hundred and five years. Then he became father to Enosh." (Genesis 5:6) So this was two hundred and thirty-five years after Adam's creation. What was the bad thing that now came into existence? It was a noteworthy

12. Who was appointed as another seed in place of Abel, and so from whom does the line of descent down to the promised Seed run?
13. What was started in the days of Seth's son, and why was this not for the salvation of the human family?

profanation of God's name. Genesis 4:26 reports it: "To Seth also there was born a son and he proceeded to call his name Enosh. At that time a start was made of calling on the name of Jehovah." This was no calling on God in pure worship for the salvation of the human family. No; for, more than a hundred and five years before this, Abel had started calling on God's name as a witness of Jehovah, and had suffered martyrdom for it.

14 Hence what was started in the days of Adam's grandson Enosh was a false form of worship, in which Jehovah's name was misused or improperly applied. Either men applied His name to themselves or to other men through whom to pretend to approach God in worship; or else they applied His name to idol objects as a visible, tangible aid to their attempt at worshiping the invisible God. Away back there, of course, they did not have the Ten Commandments forbidding the having of any other gods than Jehovah, or forbidding the making of images for idol worship, or forbidding the taking of God's name in vain. Despite that fact, those things were bad and ungodly in the days of Enosh, and they brought God's further condemnation.

15 This blasphemous "calling on the name of Jehovah" resulted in no real return to him. It resulted in the religious debasement of the people. Adam, who lived through six hundred or more years of it, did not or could not stop it. The people became so ungodly that God raised up a prophet to protest against it, Enoch, the seventh man in the line of descent from Adam, who was still living. If all the people reported as "calling on the name of Jehovah" had been walking with him, then there would have been no reason for

14. What, really, was thus started in Enosh's day, and why did this bring further condemnation upon men although there were then no Ten Commandments?
15. Whom did God raise up to protest against such "calling on the name of Jehovah," and what was Enoch distinguished for under those conditions?

singling out Enoch as doing so. The Bible document known as the "history of Noah" singles Enoch out, saying: "And Enoch lived on for sixty-five years. Then he became father to Methuselah. And after his fathering Methuselah Enoch went on walking with the true God three hundred years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters. So all the days of Enoch amounted to three hundred and sixty-five years. And Enoch kept walking with the true God. Then he was no more, for God took him." (Genesis 5:21-24; 6:9) God took Enoch away sixty-nine years before the historian and prophet Noah was born, before the period known as the "days of Noah" began.  — Matthew 24:37.

16 Enoch is named second in the list of witnesses of Jehovah as given in Hebrews, chapter eleven. After reporting on Abel, it says: "By faith Enoch was transferred so as not to see death, and he was nowhere to be found because God had transferred him; for before his transference he had the witness that he had pleased God well. Moreover, without faith it is impossible to please him well." (Hebrews 11:5,6) Evidently in Enoch's day the people "calling on the name of Jehovah" did not have faith and did not please him well. It is because they were idolatrous and ungodly that Enoch, who really walked with the true God, was used as a prophet to denounce these false religionists and to warn them of coming judgment.

17 The Christian disciple Jude gives us this information, saying: "Too bad for them, because they have gone in the path of Cain, . . . Yes, the seventh man in line from Adam, Enoch, prophesied also regarding them, when he said: 'Look! Jehovah came with his holy myriads, to execute

16. (a) Among whom does Hebrews 11:5, 6 list Enoch? (b) What did he have that the people "calling on the name of Jehovah" did not have, and why was he raised up as prophet?
17. (a) What information does Jude give concerning Enoch? (b) In what way was Enoch transferred so as not to see death?

judgment against all, and to convict all the ungodly concerning all their ungodly deeds that they did in an ungodly way, and concerning all the shocking things that ungodly sinners spoke against him.' " (Jude 11,14,15) The religious pretenders must have desired to kill Enoch, just as Cain had killed Abel. But any such attempt on Enoch's life was prevented by God's taking him away, so that those false worshipers who had wicked designs against Enoch's life could not find him. God did not transfer Enoch to heaven. (John 3:13) Enoch died like all other dying descendants of the sinner Adam; but Enoch was not aware that he was dying at three hundred and sixty-five years of age, a comparatively young age in those days, Enoch's son Methuselah living for nine hundred and sixty-nine years. (Genesis 5:25-27) But while Enoch was in a trance he had a vision of the coming new world in which "death will be no more," and during this vision God cut short Enoch's life and took his dead body where religious enemies could not find it. In being one of the early witnesses of Jehovah, walking with the true God, Enoch served as an example to his great-grandson Noah.

18 Sixty-nine years after Enoch's transference Noah was born to Lamech the son of Methuselah. But religious conditions in the earth had not improved. The profanation of Jehovah's name had continued and spread. During Noah's days and one hundred and twenty years before the judgment disaster that marked Noah's days, "Jehovah said: 'My spirit shall not act toward man indefinitely in that he is also flesh. Accordingly his days shall amount to a hundred and twenty years.' " (Genesis 6:3) This expression denoted a change of action on Jehovah's part toward man, that would justify him or vindicate

18. (a) In Noah's day how did God indicate he would resort to a change of action at a set time? (b) In contrast with his contemporaries, how did Noah worship God?

him inasmuch as He is spirit and men are mere flesh. This change of action on the part of the great Spirit, Jehovah, was to come by the end of a hundred and twenty years. Yet this generous allowance of time was an indication of great patience on Jehovah's part, inasmuch as already for so long a time men in general had not been worshiping him in a way worthy of his name. As God's own Son said more than two thousand years later during a discussion of worship: "God is a Spirit, and those worshiping him must worship with spirit and truth." (John 4:24) This was the way in which Noah worshiped him, for "Noah was a righteous man. He proved himself faultless among his contemporaries. Noah walked with the true God." — Genesis 6:9.

19 In Noah's day there were men on earth who were making a name for themselves with men, not with God. That is why their names have not been preserved like Noah's name down to our day. They were "men of fame," or, more literally, men of name. This was because of their special mightiness. The "history of Noah" calls them gibborim', that is, "mighty ones." In what lay the secret of their great mightiness? In this, that they were the children of marriage between angels from heaven and the good-looking daughters of men. Men or women did not go to heaven to be with the angels. The opposite took place. The "history of Noah" tells what happened in these words:

20 "Now it came about that when men started to grow in numbers on the surface of the ground and daughters were born to them, then the sons of the true God began to notice the daughters of men, that they were good-looking; and they went taking wives for themselves, namely, all whom they chose. . . . The Nephilim proved to be in the earth in those days, and also after that, when

19, 20. (a) How were some in Noah's day making a name for themselves? (b) How did these come into existence?

the sons of the true God continued to have relations with the daughters of men and they bore sons to them, they were the mighty ones who were of old, the men of fame [literally, men of the name]." — Genesis 6: 1-4, 9.

21 Webster's unabridged international dictionary calls these Nephilim a race of giants or demigods, that is, half-divine beings as the offspring of a deity and a mortal human, esteemed to possess less power than a god. The Hebrew word Nephilim literally means "Fellers," that is, those who fell others or violently make them fall down. These Nephilim, these Fellers, were the mighty ones who made themselves famous. Their mothers were the good-looking daughters of sinful mankind, their fathers the "sons of the true God."

22 The Alexandrine manuscript (of the fifth century) of the Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Scriptures calls them "the angels of God." The apostle Peter and the disciple Jude agree with that meaning of the expression "the sons of the true God." For angel spirits the proper place of life was up in heaven in the spirit realm, where they had been even before the creation of our earth. For this reason Jehovah God could ask the patient, God-fearing Job of the land of Uz: "Where did you happen to be when I founded the earth? . . . Into what have its socket pedestals been sunk down, or who laid its cornerstone, when the morning stars joyfully cried out together, and all the sons of God began shouting in applause?" (Job 38:4-7) But after looking with desire upon the good-looking daughters of men, some angelic sons of God chose to be down here on earth and to have marriage connections with women.

23 Telling how they left their assigned position in

21 How does Webster's dictionary define these Nephilim, and what does this Hebrew word mean?
22. What does the Alexandrine manuscript of the Greek Septuagint Version call their fathers, and what was their proper place of life that they got to desire less?
23. How does Jude 5-7 comment on these unappreciative angels?

God's heavenly organization and preferred the earth as a dwelling place in order to have fleshly connections with sinful women, Jude 5-7 says: "Jehovah, although he saved a people out of the land of Egypt, afterwards destroyed those not showing faith. And the angels that did not keep their original position but forsook their own proper dwelling place he has reserved with eternal bonds under dense darkness for the judgment of the great day. So too Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities about them, after they in the same manner as the foregoing ones had committed fornication excessively and gone out after flesh for unnatural use, are placed before us as a warning example."

24 Connecting these angels up with Noah's days, 2 Peter 2:4, 5 says: "God did not hold back from punishing the angels that sinned, but, by throwing them into Tartarus, delivered them to pits of dense darkness to be reserved for judgment; and he did not hold back from punishing an ancient world, but kept Noah, a preacher of righteousness, safe with seven others when he brought a deluge upon a world of ungodly people." Peter also refers to those angels in Tartarus as "the spirits in prison, who had once been disobedient when the patience of God was waiting in Noah's days."  — 1 Peter 3:19,20.

25 Like the Devil, the Great Serpent, those disobedient spirit angels lost their sonship of God. They were divorced from God's faithful heavenly organization, which he referred to as his "woman" or wife in Genesis 3:15, the organization that would mother the Seed for bruising the Serpent's head and sanctifying God's name. For their disobedience those spirit angels were thrust down to a debased state, called Tartarus. They were kept in the dark as to God's purpose and out of

24. How does Peter, in his two letters, refer to these same angels?
25. What happened to the relationship of these angels with God and his organization, and who became their prince and ruler?

the light of his favor, and they were no longer used as his angelic messengers. Being no longer the sons of the true God, they became the invisible part of the "seed" of the Great Serpent, the Devil. They were condemned to be destroyed with him by the Seed of God's "woman." They no longer walked with the true God. They became the sons or children of the Devil. He became their prince or ruler, later on called Baal-zebub, or, "Beelzebub, the ruler of the demons." — 2 Kings 1:2,3; Matthew 12:24-27.

26 What wonder, then, that the moral influence of those materialized angelic sons of God was bad for the people in Noah's day, and that their mighty sons had no regard for God's holy name but made names for themselves, to compete with the name of God, Noah's God!

27 The "history of Noah" reports: "Jehovah saw that the badness of man was abundant in the earth and every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was only bad all the time." Jehovah "felt regrets" over having made man in the sense that his having made man had brought grief to him, and their profanely "calling upon the name of Jehovah" hurt him at his heart. And now too the thought of destroying them in a world disaster brought no real pleasure to his heart: " 'Do I take any delight at all in the death of someone wicked,' is the utterance of the Lord Jehovah, 'and not in that he should turn back from his ways and actually keep living?' " (Ezekiel 18:23) But Noah was a comfort to God's heart, and he would take delight in saving Noah and his family. "But Noah found favor in the eyes of Jehovah. This is the history of Noah."  — Genesis 6:5-9.

28 When Noah got to be five hundred years old,

26. What, then, is not to be wondered at as regards the moral influence of those materialized angels and as regards their sons?
27. Why and how did God feel regrets over having made man, but whom would he take a delight in saving?
28. Whom did Noah lead in walking with God, and what did God reveal to Noah to be His purpose?

God began blessing him with children. By his one wife he had three sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth. These grew up, and Noah their father picked good wives for them. Noah led them all in walking with the true God. It was at this time, less than a hundred years before the coming world disaster, that Jehovah God revealed to Noah his purpose to drown all mankind except Noah and his family.

29 At that time there was far less water on the earth than there is today. By God's power, from the second day of creation, the most of the water was in suspension high above the earth and had not yet fallen as rain or cloudbursts. The earth was watered by rivers and by a vapor that went up continually from the earth. (Genesis 1:6-8; 2:5, 6,10-14) Noah knew this marvelous fact from the document known as the "history of the heavens and the earth" written over the signature of Jehovah God. (Genesis 2:4) God timed those suspended waters to fall in Noah's sixth hundredth year, beginning on a certain day at a certain hour, to baptize the ungodly people in a deluge of destruction. God told Noah how he was to survive this.

30 Noah needed a covered float. God himself drew up the plans for this. According to these Noah was to build an immense chest or ark, 450 feet long, 75 feet broad and 45 feet high, with three stories inside, divided up into a number of stalls or cells. This was to be made thoroughly waterproof by pitching it with tar inside and outside. On its completion and on the issuing of orders by God, specimens of birds, animals and creeping things were to be brought into the ark to their assigned compartments. Finally Noah and his family were themselves to go in and stay in. This meant years of work for Noah and his family,

29. How was the earth watered in those days, and how did God purpose to baptize the ungodly people in destruction?
30. What, therefore, did Noah need, and why would the making of this require a lot of explanation to a violent world?

so tremendous was the job. It was a work different from anything before in human history, and it would become the talk of all mankind through the years. It would need a great deal of explanation by Noah and his family, and this at a time when the earth was full of violence. — Genesis 6:13-21.

31 What did Noah do? Did he fear what the neighbors would say and what the world would think? No! "Noah proceeded to do according to all that God had commanded him. He did just so." (Genesis 6:22) That required an unusual amount of faith, but Noah had it.

32 Listing Noah as the third prominent witness of Jehovah in history, Hebrews 11:7 reports: "By faith Noah, after being given divine warning of things not yet beheld, showed godly fear and constructed an ark for the saving of his household; and through this faith he condemned the world, and he became an heir of the righteousness that is according to faith." Noah's faith was not wrecked if unbelieving men mockingly asked him what God was going to do with all the water afterward if God was going to flood the whole earth and drown every living thing outside the ark. Noah had the document of the "history of the heavens and the earth." From it he knew that once before the whole earth was covered with water and on the third day of creation God said: "Let the dry land appear," and that the dry land upon which the world of people was then living did appear. To repeat this performance after the coming deluge would be nothing impossible for Almighty God. — Genesis 1:9-13.

33 Noah was a "preacher of righteousness" before ever he began building the ark. He continued to preach righteousness after he started building

31. How did Noah display unusual faith in this regard?
32. As a witness of Jehovah how is Noah listed in Hebrews, chapter eleven, and why was his faith not wrecked at mocking inquiries about the disposing of all the water from a deluge?
33. When did Noah prove himself a "preacher of righteousness," and how did Jehovah show himself a perfect Timekeeper?

this ark of salvation, not that Jehovah God had given him any hope of converting anybody outside his family and saving such convert in the ark with his family. (2 Peter 2:5) Under God's protection in that last century of the ancient world marked by violence, moral ruination and the presence of disobedient materialized angels and the mighty Nephilim, Noah and his family brought the ark to completion and stocked it with food enough to last over a long-lasting flood. The final week began. As a perfect Timekeeper, Jehovah now said to Noah: "In just seven days more I am making it rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and I will wipe every existing thing that I have made off the surface of the ground." There was no time to lose. Without delay Noah acted.

34 "And Noah was six hundred years old when the deluge of waters occurred on the earth. So Noah went in, and his sons and his wife and his sons' wives with him, into the ark ahead of the waters of the deluge. Of every clean beast and of every beast that is not clean and of the flying creatures and everything that moves on the ground, they went in by twos to Noah inside the ark, male and female, just as God had commanded Noah. And seven days later it turned out that the waters of the deluge came upon the earth. On this very day Noah went in, and Shem and Ham and Japheth, Noah's sons, and the wife of Noah and the three wives of his sons with him, into the ark. . . . After that Jehovah shut the door behind him." — Genesis 7:4-10,13-16.

35 Then Jehovah God performed his first rain-making with respect to mankind. After he had shut Noah and his family and the specimens of earthly creatures inside the waterproof ark he released the waters that had been suspended high

34. How were the creatures to be saved brought into the ark, and when did Noah and his family enter it to be shut in?
35. In what Jehovah now did, how did he distinguish himself over the idol gods of the people?

above the earth for many thousands of years. None of the idol gods of the ungodly people of that preflood world had predicted rain or warned their worshipers. Noah and his family could well have used the words written much later: "Do there exist among the vain idols of the nations any that can pour down rain, or can even the heavens themselves give copious showers? Are you not the one, O Jehovah our God? And we hope in you, for you yourself have done all these things."  — Jeremiah 14:22.

36 Through Noah and his family, both by word of mouth and by ark-building, God had patiently over many years given the ungodly people flood warning; but they had no faith. They were not moved by fear of "things not yet beheld." So they took no note and no heed. They kept living just as they normally did, eating and drinking, taking wives and giving daughters in marriage. The materialized sons of God continued to enjoy their married life with good-looking daughters of men. Their Nephilim offspring continued to display their might and to make names for themselves. (Luke 17:26, 27) Thus the lone door of Noah's ark closed with them on the outside.

37 "In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month [hence in the first half of November], on this day all the springs of the vast watery deep were broken open and the floodgates of the heavens were opened. And the downpour upon the earth went on for forty days and forty nights. And the waters became overwhelming and kept increasing greatly upon the earth, but the ark kept going on the surface of the waters. And the waters overwhelmed the earth so greatly that all the tall mountains that were under the whole

36. How did God give the people flood warning, and how did they conduct themselves in the face of this warning?
37. When and how did the Flood come, and when did the waters drain off and the earth dry off?

heavens came to be covered. Up to fifteen cubits the waters overwhelmed them and the mountains became covered. Everything in which the breath of the force of life was active in its nostrils, namely, all that were on the dry ground, died. And the waters continued overwhelming the earth a hundred and fifty days. After that God remembered Noah and every wild beast and every domestic animal that was with him in the ark, and God caused a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters began to subside. Now in the six hundred and first year, in the first month, on the first day of the month, it came about that the waters had drained from off the earth. ... in the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, the earth had dried off." — Genesis 7:11,12,18-20, 22, 24; 8:1, 13, 14.

38 More than seven months before this the ark had grounded on one of the mountains of Ararat, in what is now Armenia in Asia. After safely spending a full lunar year and ten days in the ark Noah was commanded by God to go out with his family and the other living creatures. "According to their families they went out of the ark." (Genesis 8:19) They were back on the same old earth again; it had not perished. It remained as God's creation, meant for man's everlasting home. (Isaiah 45:12, 18) But a world of people that had existed at that time perished, a world of profaners of God's name. The apostle Peter warns us people of today not to let that fact escape our notice through any wishful thinking. Foretelling ridiculers in our twentieth century, Peter writes: "For, according to their wish, this fact escapes their notice, that there were heavens in ancient times and an earth standing compactly out of water and in the midst of water by the word of God; and by those means the world of that time suffered de-

38. (a) When and where did Noah and his family go out of the ark? (b) What, then, was it that had perished, and how?

struction when it was deluged with water." (2 Peter 3:3-6) That is a warning example for us today.

39 Noah and his God-fearing family had survived the end of a condemned world. Who was responsible for this? Noah knew and acknowledged that One. Noah began life in the then new world with family worship of that One. The history of Flood survivors, "the history of Noah's sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth," reports: "Noah began to build an altar to Jehovah and to take some of all the clean beasts and of all the clean flying creatures and to offer burnt offerings upon the altar." That smelled good to God. "Jehovah began to smell a restful odor, and so Jehovah said in his heart: 'Never again shall I call down evil upon the ground on man's account, because the inclination of the heart of man is bad from his youth up; and never again shall I deal every living thing a blow just as I have done. For all the days the earth continues, seed sowing and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night, will never cease.' " — Genesis 8:15-22.

40 God blessed Noah and his family and commanded them to fill the earth with their offspring; and then he caused a rainbow to appear in the cloud and declared his covenant toward all mankind as represented in Noah and his family. That covenant also applies today, for God said: "This is the sign of the covenant that I am giving between me and you and every living soul that is with you, for the generations to time indefinite. My rainbow I do give in the cloud, and it must serve as a sign of the covenant between me and the earth. And it shall occur that when I bring a cloud over the earth, then the rainbow will certainly appear in the cloud. And I shall certainly remember my covenant which is between me and you and every

39. How did Noah begin life in the then new world, and what did God say in his heart in appreciation?
40. What did God then command Noah and his family to do, and what covenant did he give that applies still today?

living soul among all flesh; and no more will the waters become a deluge to bring all flesh to ruin."  — Genesis 9:1-15.

41 No flood like that has occurred during the forty-three centuries since then, and the lovely rainbow continues to remind us that none like it will ever occur again. His covenant is unbreakable. Over sixteen centuries later he declared his continued support of his anti-flood covenant, saying: "This is just as the days of Noah to me. Just as I have sworn that the waters of Noah shall no more pass over the earth . . . ." — Isaiah 54: 9.

42 By that flood God sanctified his name Jehovah. He did not hold guiltless that ancient world, which kept profaning his name to the last. He destroyed the hybrid offspring of women and of disobedient sons of the true God. He made the name and fame of those mighty men, the Nephilim, to cease. He forced their unnatural fathers to give up their materialized human forms and to escape from the Flood back into the spirit world. There he downgraded them, as it were down to Tartarus, out of the light and blessing of his favor and of family relationship with him. He did not save their wives. Thus the profanation of God's name brought as a punishment the destruction of the ancient world. — 2 Peter 2:5.

43 The sanctifying of God's name by Noah and his family brought as a reward their preservation through the end of the ancient world. These eyewitnesses of the Flood could become witnesses of Jehovah to their children. We today are descendants of those ancient witnesses of Jehovah. Before us lies an opportunity like theirs, that of surviving the end of a profane world into God's new world.

41. What continues to remind us of that covenant, and how did God state his continued support of it in Isaiah's day?
42. In sanctification of his name, how did God treat the profaners of his name in Noah's days?
43. How was the sanctifying of God's name by Noah and his family rewarded, and how does an opportunity like theirs lie before us today?

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