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"Let Your Name Be Sanctified"



Chapter 8

NATIONAL CONSEQUENCES FROM PROFANING IT

Self-respect will induce a responsible person on whom others depend to do many right things for the sake of his worthy name. This was true of Jehovah God, upon whom all creation depends, in his dealings with the nation of Israel.

2 In Israel's case it became a question: Could Jehovah have an entire nation that would be an honor and credit to his name? Yes, if the chosen nation would be faithful and would obey his commandments, keeping its covenant with him. So if the nation of Israel obeyed, then the result would be as Moses said to them: "Jehovah will establish you as a holy people to himself, just as he swore to you. . . . And all the peoples of the earth will have to see that Jehovah's name has been called upon you, and they will indeed be afraid of you." (Deuteronomy 28:9, 10) Jehovah himself spoke of the nation of Israel as "my people upon whom my name has been called." (2 Chronicles 7:14) They were therefore his name people. The worldly nations that were not in covenant relationship with Jehovah and over whom he did not rule as King were called "those


1. In dealing with Israel, what was Jehovah induced to do, and for the sake of what?
2. (a) What became a question in Israel's case, and what was the Scriptural answer? (b) What was Jehovah's dealing with Israel bound to affect as respects himself, and what on Israel's part would therefore have national consequences?
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upon whom your name had not been called." (Isaiah 63:19) What God Almighty could do with this nation and make out of it was bound to affect his reputation tremendously among all other nations. Also, if Israel profaned God's name, this was sure to have national consequences.

3 The Ten Commandments, the basic law of Israel's covenant with Jehovah, obliged the nation to worship only Him as the one living and true God, the Creator. To lead them and guard them in the worship of Him the male members of the family of Moses' brother Aaron were sanctified or set apart to be the priests of the nation, with Aaron himself as their first high priest. Aaron was of the tribe of Levi. So all the rest of the tribe of Levi was appointed to serve as Levites who assisted the priesthood in caring for the spiritual needs of the nation. The tribe of Levi was one of the original twelve tribes, but now it was taken out of the nation for God's special use. However, as the patriarch Jacob's son Joseph was given the inheritance of a firstborn son, namely, a double portion, in Israel, Joseph now got to be represented by two tribes in Israel, the tribes of his two sons Ephraim and Manasseh. This made up for the taking out of the tribe of Levi as God's special property, and it kept the total number of the tribes of Israel at twelve. Joshua, Moses' successor as leader, was of the tribe of Ephraim.

4 The tribe of Levi served specially at the sacred tabernacle or tent. During the remainder of their first year after coming out of Egypt, Moses supervised the construction of this tabernacle in the wilderness of Sinai, following the specifications set out in the terms of God's cov-


3. (a) To aid Israel in worshiping God according to the Ten Commandments, what was done with the tribe of Levi? (b) How, then, was the total number of tribes of Israel kept at twelve?
4, 5. (a) How was the rest of that first year from the exodus occupied? (b) How did Jehovah sanctify the newly constructed tabernacle?
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enant with Israel. On the very first day of the second year since their exodus from Egypt Moses had the "tabernacle of the tent of meeting" set up there under the shadow of the mountain of God, Mount Sinai. All the furnishings were installed in it, and the ark of the testimony was put into the innermost compartment, the Holy of Holies, the Most Holy. Finally Moses clothed Aaron and his four sons in their official priestly garments and anointed Aaron as the nation's first high priest.

5 Everything being set in working order, then, according to Moses' account, "the cloud began to cover the tent of meeting, and Jehovah's glory filled the tabernacle." In this way he sanctified the newly constructed tabernacle to his worship. — Exodus 40:1-35.

6 Moses then carried out the installation ceremony. On the eighth day Aaron himself began to officiate as high priest. After the final sacrifices for the occasion had been placed upon the anointed altar in the court, Moses and Aaron went into the tent of meeting and came out and blessed the onlooking people. Then, without the aid of a mechanical flame thrower, God sent forth fire from his presence aimed directly at those sacrifices on that copper altar, just five cubits (seven and a half feet) square. Says Moses: "Then Jehovah's glory appeared to all the people, and fire came out from before Jehovah and began consuming the burnt offering and the fatty pieces upon the altar. When all the people got to see it, they broke out into shouting and went falling upon their faces." (Leviticus 8:1 to 9:24) This was a visible proof that Jehovah is the true God and that he had accepted Aaron the Levite as his high priest and his four sons


6. How did Jehovah show that he had accepted Aaron and his sons as the priests for Israel?
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as underpriests. The nation's worship at his holy tabernacle was now fully authorized.

7 "Jehovah's cloud was over the tabernacle by day, and a fire continued upon it by night in the sight of all the house of Israel during all their stages of journey." Whenever the cloud would lift and move forward, the Israelites would break camp and follow toward the Promised Land of Canaan. — Exodus 40:36-38.

8 At Kadesh-barnea in the wilderness of Paran, near the border of the Promised Land, the older responsible men of Israel showed a disgraceful lack of faith in Almighty God's ability to give them the land as he had sworn to them in his own name. For this reason the nation of Israel was condemned to wander forty years in the wilderness, to correspond with the forty days during which the spies had searched out the land in advance. Also, the Israelites twenty years old and upward were to die in the wilderness. The two faithful spies, Joshua of the tribe of Ephraim and Caleb of the tribe of Judah, together with the tribe of Levi that had sent out no spy, were made exceptions and were to enter the Promised Land.

9 Mediator Moses had to plead with Jehovah God to spare the faithless nation, saying: "Were you to put this people to death as one man, then the nations who have heard of your fame would certainly say this, 'Because of Jehovah's not being able to bring this people into the land about which he swore to them he proceeded to slaughter them in the wilderness.' " Then Moses asked Jehovah to live up to the meaning of his name as he had declared it to Moses up in Mount Sinai after the Israelites had sinned with the


7. What was present visibly with the Israelites and determined their movements toward Canaan?
8. Why were the Israelites made to wander forty years in the wilderness, and who were made exceptions to dying in the wilderness?
9. How did Moses plead with Jehovah to spare Israel, and to keep true to what declaration did Jehovah do so?
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idolatrous golden calf. (Exodus 34:5-7) To keep true to that declaration concerning his name, Jehovah agreed to forgive and spare the nation. Then, to guarantee that his name would yet be sanctified in all the earth, he swore by his own life, saying: "As I live, all the earth will be filled with the glory of Jehovah." — Numbers 13:1 to 14:38.

10 Throughout the forty years of Israel's wandering through the wilderness, it might have gone otherwise if God had not lived up to what he had declared himself to be. His own reputation for the good of all creation in heaven and earth was at stake. Referring back to his dealings with them in the wilderness before he brought them into the Promised Land, he said: "The sons began to rebel against me. ... So I promised to pour out my rage upon them, in order to bring my anger to its finish upon them in the wilderness. And I drew back my hand and went acting for the sake of my own name, that it should not be profaned before the eyes of the nations, before whose eyes I had brought them out." (Ezekiel 20:21, 22) In this way Jehovah did nothing for which the nations could reproach him.

11 In the fortieth year of their wandering in the wilderness with God's pillar of cloud guiding them, the Israelites marched northward through the land of Moab, east of the Dead Sea, to the plains of Moab on the eastern side of the Jordan River and opposite Jericho, "the city of the palm trees." (Numbers 22:1; Deuteronomy 34:3) Here they came in close touch with the worship of the false god named Baal. The king of Moab hired a reward-hungry prophet named Balaam


10. How and why did Jehovah do nothing to Israel in the wilderness for which the nations could reproach him?
11, 12. (a) Where, opposite what city, did Israel come in the fortieth year of wandering, and how did God thwart King Balak s effort to have Israel cursed? (b) How did the prophet Balaam try to have Israel itself bring God's curse, but what happened?
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to curse the invaders, but Almighty God controlled Balaam's tongue to turn the intended curse into a blessing upon Israel.

12 Failing to doom Israel with a curse, Balaam advised the king of Moab to bring Jehovah's own curse upon his people by luring them into idolatry through fornication with female idol worshipers. (Numbers 22:2 to 24:25; Revelation 2:14) So there, on the high plains of Moab at Shittim, east of the upper end of the Dead Sea, thousands of Israelites yielded to the temptation to break the Ten Commandments. The shameful record says: "Then the people started to have immoral relations with the daughters of Moab. And the women came calling the people to the sacrifices of their gods, and the people began to eat and to bow down to their gods. So Israel attached itself to the Baal of Peor; and the anger of Jehovah began to blaze against Israel." Hence the judges of Israel were ordered to kill the men who had had an attachment with this false god Baal of Peor. Jehovah also sent a scourge among the covenant breakers, and twenty-four thousand Israelites died from the scourge. — Numbers 25:1-9.

13 Prior to this, Moses' brother Aaron died and Eleazar his son succeeded him as high priest. (Numbers 20:22-29) Moses also, since on a certain trialsome occasion he and Aaron had failed to sanctify Jehovah God before the people, was forbidden to enter the Promised Land. The time approached for him to die, and he gave his final talks to the nation. According to God's instructions Moses commissioned Joshua the son of Nun of Ephraim to be his successor in leading Israel.  — Numbers 27:15-23; Deuteronomy 31:23.

14 In Israel's hearing, Moses said, in an inspired song: "I shall declare the name of Jehovah. Do you attribute greatness to our God! The Rock,


13. Why did Moses have to die outside the Promised Land, and whom did he commission as his successor?
14. What did Moses now say in the opening of his inspired song?
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perfect is his activity, for all his ways are justice. A God of faithfulness, with whom there is no injustice, righteous and upright is he." — Deuteronomy 32:3, 4.

15 Moses also gave an inspired prophetic blessing to the original twelve tribes of Israel, including Levi and Joseph, whose two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, Moses likened to the two horns of a first-born bull. In closing his blessing upon the twelve tribes Moses said: "Happy you are, O Israel! Who is there like you, a people enjoying salvation in Jehovah?" — Deuteronomy 33:1-29.

16 Indisputable it is that the prophet Moses was a witness of Jehovah. In the list of the "so great a cloud of witnesses" the book of Hebrews, chapter eleven, names Moses next after Joseph. (Hebrews 11:23-29; 12:1) Moses was made a type or prophetic figure of a greater prophet to come, a Greater Moses, who could therefore be expected to be a still greater witness of Jehovah.  — Deuteronomy 18:15-19.

17 In obedience to the divine command, aged Moses now left the Israelites on the plains of Moab and climbed Mount Nebo, "to the top of Pisgah, which fronts toward Jericho" to the west of the Jordan River in the Promised Land of Canaan. From the mountaintop Jehovah showed his faithful prophet all the land. Although he was now 120 years old, Moses' undimmed eyes could take it all in. With satisfied eyes he slept away in death. Jehovah buried him somewhere in a valley in the land of Moab, no one knows where. (Deuteronomy 34:1-7) This must have been over the opposition of the Devil, the Great Serpent, for we read: "When Michael the archangel had a difference with the Devil and was disputing about Moses'


15. Finally, whom did Moses bless, and why was there no people like them?
16. Among whom is Moses Scripturally listed, and of whom was he made a type?
17. Where did Moses die, where was he buried, and evidently in the face of whose opposition?
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body, he did not dare to bring a judgment against him in abusive terms, but said: 'May Jehovah rebuke you.' " (Jude 9) Thus no shrine could be built over Moses' burial place; nor were relics of his body preserved for religious leaders to idolize in violation of the Ten Commandments.

THE CONQUEST OF CANAAN

18 According to the will of God, Joshua came into the visible leadership over Israel. The fuller form of his name is Jehoshua. (Numbers 13:16; 1 Chronicles 7:27) The name has a grand meaning. Webster's New International Dictionary, second edition, unabridged, of 1943, on page 1341, gives the meaning: "1. Literally, Jehovah is deliverance." Of course, this name does not mean that Joshua was Jehovah God himself. The Greek-speaking Jews of Alexandria, Egypt, who produced the Greek Septuagint Version of the Hebrew Scriptures, rendered the name as Yesoús or Jesus. Many Latin-American boys today are named Jesus instead of Joshua. (Acts 7:45; Hebrews 4:8, AV) Joshua the son of Nun was the one who said to the assembled representatives of Israel: "Choose for yourselves today whom you will serve, ... But as for me and my household, we shall serve Jehovah." (Joshua 24:15) Till he died he was a witness of Jehovah.

19 After the mourning over Moses' death was past, Jehovah commanded Joshua to lead the nation of Israel and the vast mixed company with them across the Jordan River. Just then the Jordan River was at flood stage. It was the time for the barley harvest in Canaan, and "the Jordan overflows all its banks all the days of harvest." In symbol Jehovah God led the march to the flooded river, for his priests who carried the ark


18. What does Joshua's name mean, and what declared choice of his proves him a witness of Jehovah till death?
19. Who, in symbol, led Israel's march to the Jordan River, and how and when?
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of his covenant containing God's own handwritten tablets of the Ten Commandments went ahead of the people.

20 As soon as the priests' feet dipped in the edge of the waters, a miracle occurred. It reminded one somewhat of the miracle at the Red Sea. "The waters descending from above began to stand still. They rose up as one dam very far away at Adam, the city at the side of Zarethan [about fifteen miles upstream, northward], while those descending toward the sea of the Arabah, the Salt Sea, were exhausted." The ark of the covenant was then carried to the middle of the Jordan river bed, where the priests stood still until all of God's people had marched through to the opposite bank.

21 When finally the priests carrying the ark of the covenant came out and their feet got on the western bank above flood stage, "then the waters of the Jordan began returning to their place and went overflowing all its banks as formerly." This was on the tenth day of Abib or Nisan, four days before the first passover celebration of Israel in the Promised Land of Canaan. What a name this made for Jehovah God! — Joshua 1:10 to 4:19.

22 At a place called Gilgal on the eastern border of the city of Jericho the Israelites encamped. The place was called Gilgal because there they had a national circumcision of their males. After that national purification they carried out their first passover in Canaan. (Joshua 5:2-12) The beginning of the conquering of the land of Canaan must now be made. Jericho must fall first. It was to be destroyed with all its idol-worshiping inhabitants as being the first fruits of the land to Jehovah. God's instructions in this regard were followed by


20. What miracle now occurred, and how did Israel get to Jordan's opposite shore?
21. When, now, did the Jordan waters return to their place, and what did this miracle make for Jehovah?
22. (a) After what national purification did Israel celebrate its first passover in Canaan? (b) How was Jericho dealt with to Gods fame?
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Joshua and all Israel; and on the final march with the sacred ark of the covenant around Jericho on the seventh day the marching people shouted, and Almighty God caused the walls of the condemned city to fall down fiat. Now the Israelites acted as Jehovah's executioners in destroying the disobedient inhabitants except Rahab and her relatives. Finally they burned the city. All this had called for much faith in Jehovah, especially on Joshua's part. "By faith the walls of Jericho fell down after they had been encircled for seven days. By faith Rahab the harlot did not perish with those who acted disobediently, because she received the spies [sent into Jericho by Joshua] in a peaceable way." (Hebrews 11:30, 31) This miracle added to God's fame. — Joshua 6:1-27.

23 Under Joshua the conquest of the land of Canaan went forward successfully with superhuman help, "because it was Jehovah the God of Israel who was fighting for Israel." (Joshua 10:14, 42) Israel was fighting in God's name; for their victories they would properly boast in his name. "Make your boast in his holy name. Let the heart of those seeking Jehovah rejoice." (Psalm 105:3; 1 Samuel 17:45; 2 Chronicles 14:11) God was really fighting for his own name, for in his covenant with Abraham more than 470 years previously Jehovah had sworn by his own self that he would give Abraham's descendants this land of Canaan. He kept himself above reproach and sanctified his name as a faithful God who keeps his covenants.

24 Joshua was the first of a series of visible judges over Israel in the land of Canaan. Jehovah God was the nation's invisible King. Moses had


23. (a) When conquering Canaan, why could Israel boast in God's name? (b) In relation to what covenant was Jehovah really fighting for his own name?
24. (a) Who during the period of the judges was Israel's king, and what tribe was appointed to take the lead after Joshua's death? (b) What was the principal thing that made the period of the judges start off well?
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said so in song at the Red Sea. (Exodus 15:18) Later Judge Gideon refused to be made king over Israel, saying: "Jehovah is the one who will rule over you." (Judges 8:23) After Joshua of the tribe of Ephraim died, the Israelites inquired and God told them that the tribe of Judah was now to take the lead in fighting against the Canaanites. The tribe of Benjamin captured only part of Jerusalem from the native Jebusites, and they left it for King David of the tribe of Judah to take the rest of the city centuries later. (Judges 1:1-21; 2 Samuel 5: 4-10) Thus there was a period of hundreds of years in which human judges whom God raised up cared for the affairs of Israel. The beginning of this long period started out well. Much of the land was conquered, but the principal thing was this: the worship of the one living and true God was faithfully kept up throughout the nation. We read:

25 "The people continued to serve Jehovah all the days of Joshua and all the days of the older men who extended their days after Joshua and who had seen all of Jehovah's great work that he did for Israel. Then Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Jehovah, died at the age of a hundred and ten years [about 1454 B.C.E.]. So they buried him in the territory of his inheritance in Timnath-heres in the mountainous region of Ephraim, on the north of Mount Gaash. And all that generation too were gathered to their fathers, and another generation began to rise after them that did not know Jehovah or the work that he had done for Israel." — Judges 2:7-10.

26 What happened now when that older generation that had seen and known the works of the God of Israel passed away and their example, influence, guidance and advice were gone? Judges


25. During the life of what men did the Israelites continue serving Jehovah, and why?
26. What happened when that older generation of faithful men passed away, and what was even Judge Samuel obliged to tell the Israelites to do?
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2:11-13 answers: "The sons of Israel fell to doing what was bad in the eyes of Jehovah and serving the Baals. Thus they abandoned Jehovah the God of their fathers who had brought them out of the land of Egypt and went following other gods from among the gods of the peoples who were all around them and they began bowing down to them, so that they offended Jehovah. Thus they abandoned Jehovah and took up serving Baal and the Ashtoreth images." Even centuries later in the days of Israel's last judge, Samuel the prophet, it was necessary for him to tell the Israelites to put away such false foreign gods. "At that the sons of Israel put away the Baals and the Ashtoreth images and began serving Jehovah alone." After that Jehovah gave them victory over their enemies. — 1 Samuel 7:2-17.

BAAL

27 But who was this Baal? His name literally means "Owner; Possessor." It was also applied to a husband, the possessor of a wife. The god Baal was supposed to be the son of El and Asherah and to be the brother of the goddess Anath. His wife was Ashtoreth or Astarte. He was supposed to be the lord of sky and weather. The Canaanites, the descendants of Ham the son of Noah, worshiped Baal and Ashtoreth. Each city of the Canaanites was a state in itself, and each such city-state had its own Baal and Ashtoreth. So in the land of Canaan there were many local Baals and Ashtoreths with their corresponding idol images. But officially, among Canaanites, it was understood that there was actually just one god Baal and one goddess Ashtoreth.

28 In discussing the mythology of the gods of


27. Who was this Baal that was worshiped, and why were there said to be Baals?
28. According to the authority quoted; what was the moral level of the gods and of the features of worship of the Canaanites then?
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Canaan, one authority* speaks of the


extremely low level of its religion. . . . Baal was the personification of those forces in nature which produce rain and vegetation. . . . The amazing thing about the gods, as they were conceived in Canaan, is that they had no moral character whatsoever. In fact, their conduct was on a much lower level than that of society as a whole, if we can judge from ancient codes of law. Certainly the brutality of the mythology is far worse than anywhere else in the Near East at that time. Worship of these gods carried with it some of the most demoralizing practices then in existence. Among them were child sacrifice, a practice long since discarded in Egypt and Babylonia, sacred prostitution, and snake-worship on a scale unknown among other peoples. . . .


29 Mount Carmel on the Mediterranean seacoast became famous as the location of an ancient sanctuary of Baal. When the Israelites became farmers in Canaanland they had to resist such nature worship, or Baalism, which is Devil worship.

30 The loose moral conduct connected with Baal worship we recall from Israel's experience with it on the plains of Moab opposite Jericho. In Canaan itself the Israelites suffered for letting the local Baal worshipers remain. "They went mingling with the nations and took up learning their works. And they kept serving their idols, and these came to be a snare to them. And they would sacrifice their sons and their daughters to demons. So they kept spilling innocent blood, the blood of their sons and their daughters, whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan; and the land came to be polluted with bloodshed. And they got to be unclean by their works and kept having immoral intercourse by their dealings." (Psalm 106:35-39) Dur-


* The Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956 edition), page 36, column 2.
29. (a) What location became famous as a sanctuary of Baal? (b) Because of becoming farmers, what worship did Israel have to resist?
30. How did Israel suffer for letting Baal worshipers remain in their God-given land, even to the days of Jeremiah the prophet?
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ing the last forty years of Jerusalem, the prophet Jeremiah uttered these words of Jehovah: "They have filled this place with the blood of the innocent ones. And they built the high places of the Baal in order to burn their sons in the fire as whole burnt offerings to the Baal, something that I had not commanded or spoken of, and that had not come up into my heart." — Jeremiah 19:4, 5.

31 Inasmuch as the Israelites were a people having God's name called upon them, such Baal worship and its offering up of human sacrifices were a terrible profanation of the name of Jehovah. (Leviticus 20:1-5) Israel reaped sad national consequences from profaning the name of Jehovah in this horrible way.

32 After Judge Samuel had had the Israelites put away the Baals and Ashtoreth images in order to return to Jehovah with all their hearts, the faithless Israelites asked him to appoint a visible human king over them. Jehovah then told Samuel: "It is not you whom they have rejected, but it is I whom they have rejected from being king over them." Still, Jehovah granted their request and had Samuel anoint Saul of the tribe of Benjamin as king over Israel. (1 Samuel 8:4 to 13:1) Saul proved to be a disobedient king, and Jehovah had Samuel anoint the shepherd boy David of the tribe of Judah for the post of king. After King Saul's death in battle with the Philistines, David as the anointed one of Jehovah was made king over all Israel. The following year he took the rest of the city of Jerusalem out of the hands of the Canaanite Jebusites. He made its citadel, Zion, his capital. There he pitched a tent near his palace and had the sacred ark of the covenant put inside it, with priestly attendants. — 2 Samuel 5:1-19.


31. Such Baal worship, with its sacrifices, on Israel's part was a profanation of what, and why so?
32. (a) How did Israel come to get a human king? (b) How did Zion come to be the capital of the kingdom and the location of God's ark of the covenant?
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33 In the course of time David desired to build a glorious palace or temple to house the ark of the covenant, where Jehovah might dwell in symbol as the real King of Israel. However, David had been a man of blood in fighting the "wars of Jehovah." For that reason Jehovah did not favor David himself with this privilege. He assigned it to David's son Solomon. In appreciation of King David's zeal for God's worship Jehovah of his own accord made a covenant for kingship with David. This covenant decreed that the kingship over God's people would remain in the family line of David forever. In stating this kingdom covenant Jehovah said concerning David's royal successor: "He is the one that will build a house for my name."

34 Here Jehovah meant, not just Solomon, David's first successor, but the distant descendant of David, namely, the Son of God who should be born on earth in David's line and who should build an everlasting spiritual palace or temple for Jehovah the King of eternity. With this latter one in mind, Jehovah continued: "I shall certainly establish the throne of his kingdom firmly to time indefinite. I myself shall become his father, and he himself will become my son. . . . And your house and your kingdom will certainly be steadfast to time indefinite before you; your very throne will become one firmly established to time indefinite." — 2 Samuel 7:1-18.

35 The kingdom covenant by Jehovah with David of the tribe of Judah gave force and support to the blessing that dying Jacob had pronounced upon his fourth son Judah, about 700 years previously, saying: "The scepter will not turn aside from Judah, neither the commander's staff from be-


33. What covenant did Jehovah make with King David, and why?
34. In his covenant with King David, of whom was Jehovah particularly speaking as the builder of a house for His name, and how long was this one's kingdom to be established?
35. (a) To what blessing pronounced by Jacob did this kingdom covenant give force and support? (b) Till when, therefore, did David's royal line have to keep existing?
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tween his feet, until Shiloh comes; and to him the obedience of the people will belong." (Genesis 49:10) So David's royal line had to keep existing to the coming of the real Son of God, and then this One would become the permanent heir of God's kingdom covenant. — 1 Chronicles 17:1-14.

36 David sat on Israel's throne in Jerusalem in the name of Jehovah. So David sat on His visible throne. In old age, near his death, David abdicated his throne in favor of his beloved son Solomon. But before doing so, David began gathering great quantities of building materials for the proposed temple and also setting aside considerable quantities of precious metals to build it. Jehovah also pointed out to David where the temple should be built, namely, on Mount Moriah, where eight hundred years previously Abraham had attempted to offer up his beloved son Isaac as a sacrifice to God.

37 In a final appearance before the people of Israel King David blessed God and said: "Yours, O Jehovah, are the greatness and the mightiness and the beauty and the excellency and the dignity; for everything in the heavens and in the earth is yours. Yours is the kingdom, O Jehovah." Accordingly when Solomon sat down on the throne formerly occupied by his father David, then, as it is written, "Solomon began to sit upon Jehovah's throne as king in place of David his father and to make a success of it, and all the Israelites were obedient to him." — 1 Chronicles 28:1 to 29:23.

SANCTIFYING THE TEMPLE

38 In the fourth year of his reign King Solomon began building Jehovah's palace or temple on


36. (a) Really on whose throne did King David sit? (b) For what did he make preparation, and what did Jehovah show him?
37. (a) In a final appearance before Israel, what did David say about kingdom? (b) So upon whose throne did David's successor sit?
38. (a) When and by whom was the temple built on Mount Moriah? (b) When and how did Jehovah give visible evidence that he had sanctified this temple built for his name?
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Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. In the eleventh year of his reign he completed the temple. (1 Kings 6: 37, 38) On the day of dedicating the temple Solomon had the ark of the covenant brought out of its tent on Mount Zion and deposited by the priests in the innermost compartment of the temple, the Most Holy, on Mount Moriah. "There was nothing in the Ark but the two stone tablets which Moses had deposited there in Horeb, when Jehovah had covenanted with the sons of Israel." Jehovah now gave the evidence that he had accepted and sanctified this temple built for his name; for, when the priests came out, "the cloud itself filled the house of Jehovah. And the priests were unable to stand to do their ministering because of the cloud, for the glory of Jehovah filled the house of Jehovah." Then Solomon offered a lengthy prayer in behalf of worship rendered at or toward this temple. — 1 Kings 8:1-54.

39 Again a miracle occurred, like that which occurred when Moses dedicated the tabernacle of the tent of meeting in the wilderness of Mount Sinai. We read: "Now as soon as Solomon finished praying, the fire itself came down from the heavens and proceeded to consume the burnt offering and the sacrifices, and Jehovah's glory itself filled the house. And the priests were unable to enter into the house of Jehovah because Jehovah's glory had filled the house of Jehovah. And all the sons of Israel were spectators when the fire came down and the glory of Jehovah was upon the house, and they immediately bowed low with their faces to the earth upon the pavement and prostrated themselves and thanked Jehovah, 'for he is good, for his loving-kindness is to time indefinite.' "  — 2 Chronicles 7:1-3.

40 Afterward, in a vision by night, Jehovah said


39. What miracle happened when King Solomon finished praying, and what did the onlookers do?
40. What did Jehovah in vision say to Solomon about his attitude toward that temple, but what warning did he also give Solomon regarding that temple?
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to King Solomon: "Now I do choose and sanctify this house that my name may prove to be there to time indefinite, and my eyes and my heart will certainly prove to be there always." At the same time Jehovah warned King Solomon against falling away from the true religion and warned him that this glorious temple would be destroyed if Israel and its kings turned away from worshiping Jehovah. — 2 Chronicles 7:11-22.

41 In spite of his superior wisdom and in spite of what Jehovah had prescribed for kings of Israel in Deuteronomy 17:14-17, King Solomon took hundreds of wives to himself, many of these being non-Israelite pagan women for the sake of State alliances. He allowed them to carry on their pagan worship of foreign gods. These wives gradually turned Solomon's heart away from the Ten Commandments and from Jehovah's worship. "It came about in the time of Solomon's growing old that his wives themselves had inclined his heart to follow other gods; and his heart did not prove to be complete with Jehovah his God like the heart of David his father. And Solomon began going after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians and after Milcom the disgusting thing of the Ammonites. . . . Solomon proceeded to build a high place to Chemosh the disgusting thing of Moab on the mountain that was in front of Jerusalem, and to Molech the disgusting thing of the sons of Ammon. And that was the way he did for all his foreign wives who were making sacrificial smoke and sacrificing to their gods." — 1 Kings 11:1-8.

42 Jehovah grew indignant at this profaning of his name by the king of his name people. He told Solomon that he would rip the kingdom of Israel away from his royal house, except the tribes of


41. How did King Solomon go contrary to the advice for kings given in Deuteronomy 17:14-17, and what was he finally induced to do as a result of this?
42. (a) Because of Solomon's unfaithfulness, what did Jehovah say he would do about the kingdom of Israel? (b) Why was Jeroboam of the tribe of Ephraim obliged to flee to Egypt?
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Judah and Benjamin, the tribe of Levi being, of course, attached to the temple at Jerusalem. Mindful of his blessing that the dying Jacob had pronounced upon his son Joseph and Joseph's sons Ephraim and Manasseh, Jehovah now chose Jeroboam of the tribe of Ephraim to take charge of the ten tribes that would be ripped away from King Solomon's successor on the throne. To escape King Solomon's murderous designs Jeroboam had to flee to Egypt. — 1 Kings 11:9-40.

43 When Solomon's son Rehoboam succeeded his father to the throne, Jeroboam the Ephraimite came back from Egypt. He headed a delegation of Israelites who asked King Rehoboam to lift the oppressive burdens that unfaithful Solomon had laid upon them. But King Rehoboam listened to proud, young, inexperienced counselors and refused to grant relief. He threatened to be more oppressive than Solomon, even "with scourges." At this the ten tribes of Israel broke away from the kingship of the house of David and made Jeroboam their king, with their national capital at Shechem in the territory of Ephraim. Jehovah God prevented Rehoboam king of Judah from fighting to bring the ten tribes back to himself.  — 1 Kings 12:1-25.

44 Thus, relentlessly, after four hundred years, the consequences from this series of profanations of Jehovah's name by the Israelites in the land of Canaan reached a climax in a divided nation. This is a historic national example of warning to Jehovah's "holy nation" of today, upon whom his name is called and who are his witnesses. Let them avoid like consequences by never profaning his name. — 1 Corinthians 10:6,11; 1 Peter 2:9.


43. After Solomon's death, how did the ten-tribe kingdom of Israel get started, and with what city as its capital?
44. (a) The divided nation was the consequence of what action on Israel's part? (b) To whom today is that an example of warning?


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