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You May Survive Armageddon
Into God's New World



CHAPTER VIII

Raising the Signal to All the Nations

EGYPT of ancient time was the first of seven world powers in the list that the Holy Bible makes. Being a part of this world or system of things, it was therefore used as a symbol of this world, because Egypt's real gods were Satan the Devil and his demons and Satan is the "ruler of this world" and the "god of this system of things." Because Egypt was thus used as a symbol of this world, this present wicked system of things is called 'spiritual Egypt' and its god and ruler was symbolized or typified by Pharaoh the king of Egypt. In fact, it was really to antitypical Pharaoh, Satan the Devil, that Jehovah addressed his remarks after pouring out his sixth plague upon the land of Egypt: "By now I could have thrust my hand out that I might strike you and your people with pestilence and that you might be effaced from the earth. But, in fact, for this cause I have kept you in existence, for the sake of showing you my power and in order to have my name declared in all the earth." (Exodus 9:15, 16, NW) By means of ten plagues upon her and by the destruction of her military hosts in the Red Sea under the eyes of Jehovah's people, Egypt was the first world power to realize the universal sovereignty of the Most High God Jehovah. But after Egypt had passed the peak of her power, Jehovah still kept Satan the Devil in existence for the sake


l. Of what were ancient Egypt and her Pharaoh symbols, and why was the antitypical Pharaoh kept in existence after Egypt passed the peak of her power?
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of at last showing that wicked one the divine power at the battle of Armageddon, where the original Serpent, Satan the Devil, will be bruised in the head by the Seed of God's woman, the reigning King Jesus Christ.

2 In harmony with this purpose the righteous God Jehovah has permitted evil and wickedness to prevail and has allowed the god of this world to establish, all together, seven world powers in succession, followed by a combination world power, an eighth one. With all eight of these Jehovah's people have had much contact.

3 Because of its fierceness and cruelty Jehovah God in his Bible pictured Satan's visible organization as a wild beast that rises out of the sea or the great deep, the abyss. It is pictured as having ten horns on seven heads, the ten horns symbolizing the complete earthly power of this symbolic beast to push mankind around and control the earth. The seven heads of the beast symbolize the seven world powers that have dominated in their successive order over Satan's visible organization. These seven world powers the Bible and worldly history show to be (1) Egypt, (2) Assyria, (3) Babylon, (4) Medo-Persia, (5) Greece, (6) Rome and (7) the Anglo-American imperial power. The eighth world power is not symbolized as a head of this beast, because it "owes its existence to the seven," but it is the international alliance that was known, before World War II, as the League of Nations and, since World War II, as the United Nations. To the symbolic seven-headed wild beast Almighty God gave the opportunity to "wage war with the holy ones and conquer them, and author-


2. In harmony with this what has Jehovah permitted to prevail and what to be established?
3. How was Satan's visible organization pictured in The Revelation, what do its component parts picture, and what has been God's purpose in letting it abuse his holy ones?
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ity was given it over every tribe and people and tongue and nation. ... If anyone is for being led captive, he goes away led captive. If anyone practices killing with the sword, he must himself be killed with the sword. Here is where it means the endurance and faith of the holy ones." (Revelation 13:1-10; 17:3, 8-11, NW) God's purpose in letting the symbolic wild beast thus abuse his holy ones was in order to prove their integrity to him and to show to all creation that they submitted and stood loyal to his universal sovereignty, obeying God as ruler rather than men of this world. — Acts 5:29-32, NW.

4 The first head of the symbolic wild beast took Jehovah's chosen people, the twelve tribes of Israel, into captivity during their temporary residence in Egypt. But Jehovah rescued them from Egypt's jaws in the days of Moses, in 1513 B.C. The second head of the wild beast, Assyria, tried to take the entire people of Israel captive but succeeded in capturing and leading into exile only ten unfaithful tribes of that people. The third head of the wild beast, Babylon, overthrew Assyria by capturing its capital city Nineveh in 632 B.C. Afterward it blocked the resurging power of Egypt and moved against the remaining two tribes of Israel governed by Jerusalem. After besieging Jerusalem for eighteen months Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon breached the city walls and captured the fleeing king in the summer of 607 B.C. About a month later Nebuchadnezzar razed to the ground the city and the temple that King Solomon had built. Besides the 3,320 Jews whom he had deported to Babylon eleven years earlier, Nebuchadnezzar now carried captive to Babylon 832 Jews, leaving many of the poorer Jews behind in their native land of Judah to take care of it. But


4. How did Egypt, Assyria and Babylon deal oppressively with Jehovah's people, and how and when was the land of Judah left completely desolate?
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Jehovah God had decreed that the land of Judah and its capital Jerusalem should lie uninhabited by man and by domestic beast for seventy years. In harmony with this the poor of the land did not remain there but fled down to Egypt in fear two months later, so that in the seventh Jewish month of that year, or about October 1, 607 B.C., the land of Judah came to complete desolation. — Jeremiah 52:1-29.

5 By a miracle Jehovah God did not permit Nebuchadnezzar to move other people into the unoccupied land of Judah, nor did he let other peoples like the Samaritans move in to occupy it. People passing by the desolate land of Judah whistled at it in fear and dread as at a haunted place. Jehovah, in fulfillment of his prophecy, was keeping everybody out of it for seventy years. He was holding it in reserve for his faithful remnant of Jews whom he had promised to deliver from their Babylonish captivity and restore to their own God-given land. (Jeremiah 25:8-12; 29:10-14; 1 Kings 9:6-9, NW) This he did by turning the tables on Babylon. In 607 B.C. she had wrecked Jerusalem and its temple and had led the Jews off captive to Babylon; now she herself must be overthrown and be led off captive. This occurred in 539 B.C., when Jehovah brought against Babylon the fourth head of the wild beast, Medo-Persia, and delivered Babylon, despite her mightiness, into the hand of Darius the Mede and his nephew Cyrus the Persian. The fall of Babylon astonished the ancient world. But it was Jehovah's just punishment upon her for her sacrilegious violence against his own temple and chosen people, and it opened up the way for a faithful remnant of his people to return to their desolate-lying land of Judah.


5. How did Jehovah perform a miracle toward the land of Judah, and how did he punish Babylon for her violence against his temple and his chosen people?
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6 Cyrus the Persian succeeded his uncle Darius as king of the fourth world power. In 537 B.C., in his first regnal year, Cyrus fulfilled the purpose for which Jehovah permitted him to overthrow Babylon and become king of the Medo-Persian world power. Ezra, an Aaronic priest and a Bible copyist, recorded this fulfillment of prophecy, saying: "And in the first year of Cyrus the king of Persia, that Jehovah's word from the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, Jehovah roused the spirit of Cyrus the king of Persia so that he caused a cry to pass through all his realm, and also in writing, saying: 'This is what Cyrus the king of Persia has said, "All the kingdoms of the earth Jehovah the God of the heavens has given me and he himself has commissioned me to build him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whoever there is among you of all his people, may his God prove to be with him. So let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and rebuild the house of Jehovah the God of Israel — he is The [true] God  — which was in Jerusalem. As for anyone that is left of all the places where he is temporarily residing, let the men of his place assist him with silver and with gold and with goods and with domestic animals along with the voluntary offering for the house of The [true] God, which was in Jerusalem." ' " (Ezra 1:1-4, NW; 2 Chronicles 36: 20-23) The decree of Cyrus put the rebuilding of the house or temple of Jehovah as the chief purpose in releasing the captive Jews to return to their desolate homeland. The rebuilding of the temple on its original site in Jerusalem meant the restoration of the worship of Jehovah there. Babylon's idolatrous temples came low; Jehovah's temple came up.


6. How did Cyrus fulfill the purpose for which Jehovah let him overthrow Babylon, and what did Cyrus' decree put as the first purpose in releasing the captive Jews?
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7 A zealous remnant of the captive Jews in Babylonian territory responded to the grand privilege of returning to their theocratic land and restoring the worship of the one living and true God by engaging in temple rebuilding work in Jerusalem or Zion. For scores of years they had mourned, without Jehovah's temple, without a holy city, in the idolatrous land of Babylon, because they had offended their God. In that pagan land they had been marked by Satan the Devil for death; they were, so to speak, "the sons of death." But as Jehovah had heard the groaning of his people long before that in Egypt, so he heard their groaning in Babylon. He marked their repentance, and he heard their prayers for the foretold deliverance, that he might again make a glorious manifestation of himself in Jerusalem or Zion. He had pity, and he caused a new people to be created, a nation to be brought forth, upon the once desolate land of Judah and Jerusalem or Zion. (Isaiah 66:8) As the psalmist had prophetically sung of this:

8 "So the nations shall fear the name of Jehovah, and all the kings of the earth thy glory: for Jehovah hath built up Zion; he hath appeared in his glory. He hath regarded the prayer of the destitute, and hath not despised their prayer. This shall be written for the generation to come; and a people which shall be created shall praise Jehovah. For he hath looked down from the height of his sanctuary; from heaven did Jehovah behold the earth; to hear the sighing of the prisoner; to loose those that are appointed to death; that men may declare the name of Jehovah in Zion, and his praise in Jerusalem; when the peoples are gathered together, and the kingdoms, to serve Jehovah."  — Psalm 102:15-22, AS.


7, 8. (a) In Babylon what had been the experience of the remnant that responded to Cyrus' decree? (b) How did Jehovah then fulfill Psalm 102:15-22?
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9 So it was that in 537 B.C. a remnant of faithful Jews under Zerubbabel their appointed governor and with Jeshua as their high priest left Babylon, tramped across the desert and four months later reached the beloved land and the ruins of Jerusalem. There were 42,360 Jews in all. By the seventh Jewish month in that year they were again located on the sites of their former cities, exactly seventy years after the decreed desolation of the land had begun. On the first day of that seventh month they assembled in Jerusalem at the temple site and established an altar to Jehovah on the proper altar location and then began sacrificing on it. But it was not until in the "second year of their coming to the house of The [true] God at Jerusalem, in the second month," that governor Zerubbabel and high priest Jeshua and their assistants set the builders to work and they laid the foundation for a new temple to Jehovah.

10 "when the builders laid the foundation of the temple of Jehovah, then the priests in official clothing, with the trumpets, and the Levites the sons of Asaph, with the cymbals, stood up to praise Jehovah according to the direction of David the [former] king of Israel. And they began to respond by praising and giving thanks to Jehovah, 'for he is good, for his loving-kindness toward Israel is to time indefinite.' As for all the people, they shouted with a loud shout in praising Jehovah over the laying of the foundation of the house of Jehovah." Many wept with emotion. — Ezra 2:64; 3:1-13, NW.

11 According to the inspired rule stated at 1 Corinthians 10:6, 11, all this was typical. It fore-


9,10. (a) So how did the desolation of Judah and Jerusalem come to an end? (b) How was Jehovah's worship restored there, and when and how was the rebuilding of the temple begun?
11. In that ancient prophetic drama what did Babylon typify, and whom did the Israelites typify?
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shadowed a restoration of the true worship of the one living and true God Jehovah among his spiritual Israelites on the earth in this "time of the end" of the world. The various actors in that ancient prophetic drama were therefore figures of things to come. Babylon the third world power, which took Jehovah's people captive and held them as prisoners in a foreign, pagan land, was a type of Satan's world organization, for Satan was the god of ancient Babylon and King Nebuchadnezzar was a visible representative of his. The Israelites with whom Jehovah justly found fault typified the spiritual Israelites. A remnant of them are still alive on earth, in relationship with Jehovah God by the new covenant which was mediated by the Greater Moses, Jesus.

12 What, then, did the destruction of Jerusalem and its temple, the deporting of the Israelites and the holding of them prisoner in an enemy land typify? This: In 1914 (A.D.) total war broke out between the nations of this Babylonish world of which Satan the Devil is the invisible ruler. Jehovah's people, the spiritual Israelites, are in this world, but they are not a part of this world. Because of their not staying strictly neutral amid this warring world but showing fear of men and submission to human decrees and arrangements that were contrary to the law of God, Jehovah was angered at his people. So he permitted them to be taken captive by this Babylonish world and he let their free worship of God according to his Word be broken up and interfered with. They were held prisoner, restrained from their proper conscientious worshiping of the Most High God through his High Priest Jesus Christ. Thus they were, in effect, taken from their proper theocratic place in the earth and deported to antitypical Babylon.


12. In the antitype, when, why and how were the remnant of spiritual Israelites taken into Babylonish captivity?
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13 The "appointed times of the nations" began in 607 B.C. after the king of Babylon overturned the kingdom of the line of David and captured and deported its last human king, Zedekiah. In reverse fashion, those "appointed times of the nations" ended about October 1, 1914, when Jehovah restored the theocratic kingdom of the line of David by installing in the heavenly throne as King the glorified Jesus Christ, who on earth had been born as a descendant and royal heir of King David. (Matthew 1:1-18; 22:41, 42) In the war in heaven that then began, Jehovah by his King Jesus Christ hurled Satan the Devil and his demon angels out of heaven and down to the earth. This gaining the mastery over them and humbling and restraining them down to the earth must have been accomplished by the spring of 1918. It was then that A-do-nay' Jehovah and his Messenger of the covenant, Jesus Christ, came to the spiritual temple and began raising to a place in heaven the faithful Christians who had been prepared as temple stones and who had died prior to A-do-nay''s coming to the temple. Since the Devil is the invisible ruler and god of antitypical Babylon, this victory over him made Jehovah God and Jesus Christ comparable with the conquerors of ancient Babylon, Jehovah God being typified by Darius the Mede and Jesus Christ being typified by his nephew Cyrus the Persian. What now?

14 The rise of the ancient typical Cyrus and his part in the outworking of Jehovah's purpose had been foretold: "Thus saith Jehovah,... that saith of Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all


13. When did the "appointed times of the nations" begin, when did they end, and how did Jehovah and Jesus Christ become comparable to Darius the Mede and Cyrus the Persian?
14. (a) How did Isaiah foretell the work of Cyrus? (b) To fulfill this prophecy why did more have to be done than raise the faithful Christians asleep in death?
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my pleasure, even saying of Jerusalem, She shall be built; and of the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid. Thus saith Jehovah to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him, and I will loose the loins of kings; to open the doors before him, and the gates shall not be shut: I will go before thee, . . . that thou mayest know that it is I, Jehovah, who call thee by thy name, even the God of Israel. For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel my chosen, I have called thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me." (Isaiah 44:24 to 45:4, AS) This prophecy must finally be fulfilled in the greater King and Conqueror, the antitypical Cyrus, Jesus Christ. This must be by doing more than raising the faithful Christians then asleep in death to life and activity as "living stones" in the heavenly temple. It was down here on earth that, in an antitypical way during World War I, the symbolic Jerusalem and her temple had been destroyed and her remnant of spiritual Israelites taken captive and her theocratic land left desolate of worshipers by the modern-day Babylonians in the service of Satan the Devil. So it was here on earth that the Greater Cyrus, Christ the reigning King, must do something to restore Jehovah's worship at his spiritual temple.

15 History does not lie. It bears witness to the physical fact that Babylon's Conqueror, the Warrior Jesus Christ, did do something in final, complete fulfillment of the ancient prophecy. What happened to the remnant of faithful Israelites back there in 537 B.C. was only a first or small-scale fulfillment of the prophecy. It in itself prefigured the final, major-scale fulfillment of the


15. (a) What happened to the Jewish remnant in 537 B.C. was what kind of fulfillment of prophecy? (b) When did the Greater Cyrus begin his role as temple builder on earth, and what unsightly place were the spiritual Israelites then like?
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prophecy in our day. In 1919, the second year of his coming to the spiritual temple with A-do-nay', Jesus Christ began fulfilling the role of the Greater Cyrus as a temple builder on earth. He freed the captive remnant of "living stones" from the power of antitypical Babylon. In the spring of that year some of them, leading ones, were freed from literal imprisonment in antitypical Babylon. However, throughout the earth the spiritual Israelites in general began to cast off the restraining "fear of man" and to come out of Babylon's captivity and to undertake the temple work boldly in the fear of Jehovah. Their gaining this freedom was not from man or human governments. It was from the Greater Cyrus through the unfolding of the prophetic scriptures and the pouring out of God's spirit upon his loyal remnant. In antitypical Babylon, in captivity there, they had been like a deep depression, a valley, full of dry bones, disorganized, unsightly to the eye, dispirited, a vast graveyard not praising Jehovah God and not doing the work of bearing witness to the heavenly kingdom established in 1914.

16 Ezekiel over two thousand years ago had a vision prophetic of them in that spiritually lifeless condition. Then Jehovah God, by means of his Greater Cyrus, Jesus Christ, poured out his energizing spirit upon them and gave them fresh spiritual strength, so that they became alive again in his service. He brought them out of their grave-like condition in antitypical Babylon and restored them to their own land, the realm of divine favor and spiritual freedom. "And ye shall know that I am Jehovah, when I have opened your graves, and caused you to come up out of your graves, O my people. And I will put my Spirit in you, and ye


16. How did Ezekiel picture their coming to life in God's service, and with what other vision does Ezekiel's correspond?
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shall live, and I will place you in your own land: and ye shall know that I, Jehovah, have spoken it and performed it, saith Jehovah." (Ezekiel 37:1-14, AS) The fulfillment of this vision in 1919 corresponds with the fulfillment of John's vision described in Revelation 11:3-13.*

17 So out through the gates of antitypical Babylon the thousands of Jehovah's spiritual remnant began streaming in the spring of 1919. They had one goal in view. That was the one which the Greater Cyrus, Jesus Christ the King, set before them: to return to Jehovah's theocratic organization and to the free and pure worship of him at his temple. Just as in 537 B.C. Zion or Jerusalem, with its temple, was the goal that beckoned the Jewish remnant out of Babylon to their own God-given land, so the antitypical Zion or Jerusalem, with its spiritual house of worship, stood up on high as a glorious signal beckoning to them to flee out of Babylon and come to Jehovah's theocratic organization and take up his temple work there. Jehovah by his Greater Cyrus had redeemed or delivered them for one purpose, that they might seek out the antitypical city of Jerusalem or Zion and "declare the name of Jehovah in Zion, and his praise in Jerusalem." That antitypical city was the Government of the reigning King, Jesus Christ, the earthly interests of which had been desolated during World War I. To it they had to assemble in loyal support and then to bear witness of it to others.

18 In 537 B.C. the Jewish remnant had to or-


* See chapter VII, pages 119, 120.
17. In 537 B.C. what was the goal to which the remnant streamed out of Babylon, and what was the signal to which the spiritual remnant assembled out of antitypical Babylon?
18. As with the Jewish remnant in 537 B.C., what had to be done for the spiritual remnant to come to the beckoning Signal?
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ganize themselves and then tramp for four months through the wilderness to come to the long-forsaken city of Zion or Jerusalem; the way had to be prepared for this redeemed people to make their return journey successful. In like manner in 1919 (A.D.) the way had to be prepared for Jehovah's redeemed remnant to assemble unitedly from the very ends of the earth, to seek first the now established kingdom of God, the beckoning Signal on the heavenly Mount Zion. The highway to their royal goal had to be cast up, graded up or banked up so as to make travel smooth and easy. All stones or causes of stumbling, such as false doctrines or untheocratic practices and arrangements, had to be cleared off the road. All this required time, but a good beginning of it was made in 1919 under the guidance of the Greater Cyrus and by the illumination of God's Word and with the revitalizing power of His spirit. The final and complete fulfillment of the Lord Jehovah's prophecy through Isaiah began coming true:

19 "Pass through, pass through the gates, prepare the way of the people; grade up, grade up the highway, clear it of stones; raise a signal over the peoples. See! the LORD [Jehovah] has made proclamation to the end of the earth: 'Say to the daughter of Zion, "See! your salvation has come; see! his reward is with him, and his recompense before him." They shall be called, "The holy people, the redeemed of the LORD [Jehovah]"; and you shall be called, "Sought out, the city unforsaken."'" — Isaiah 62:10-12, AT.

20 On return to the antitypical city of God those first to arrive there had to "raise a signal over the peoples" that all others of the remnant of spirit-


19. The final and complete fulfillment of what prophecy of Isaiah then began coming true?
20. What did those first to arrive at the antitypical city of God have to do, and why?
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ual Israel might see and know where to come for theocratic freedom and the pure worship of the one living and true God, the Lord Jehovah. That "signal" standing up gloriously on the heavenly Mount Zion is God's established kingdom, represented by his enthroned King Jesus Christ, the Greater Cyrus. He is the "Son of David," which David was the son of Jesse of Bethlehem.

21 This identifying of the "signal" as being the reigning Son of David, the son of Jesse, is made infallibly certain for all Bible examiners by the words of the prophet Isaiah: "A shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse, and a sprout from his roots will bear fruit. And the spirit of the LORD [Jehovah] will rest upon him, ... It shall come to pass on that day that the root of Jesse, who will be standing as a signal to the peoples — to him will the nations resort, and his resting-place will be glorious. On that day will the LORD [Jehovah] once more raise his hand to recover the remnant that remains of his people, from Assyria and from Egypt, . . . He will raise a signal to the nations, and will gather the outcasts of Israel; and the scattered daughters of Judah will he assemble from the four corners of the earth. Then the LORD [Jehovah] will dry up the tongue of the Sea of Egypt, with the glowing heat of his breath; and he will shake his hand over the River [the Euphrates River on which Babylon was situated], and will smite it into seven brooks [easily crossable], and will enable men to cross it with sandals. So there will be a highway from Assyria [territory of Babylon] for the remnant that remains of his people, as there was for Israel on the day that it went up from the land of Egypt." — Isaiah 11:1, 2, 10-12, 15, 16, AT.


21. How does Isaiah, chapter 11, infallibly identify the "signal" for us and show the remnant must be gathered to it?
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22 True to his word, the Almighty God began fulfilling this prophetic promise in a miniature way in 537 B.C. That was only a dramatic foreshadowing of the full-scale fulfillment of it beginning in the year 1919 (A.D.), in the fifth year of the established kingdom of God. That year it was unquestionably by the spirit of God that the then president of the Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society addressed the general convention of Jehovah's people at Cedar Point, Ohio, on Friday, September 5, and spoke on the subject, "Announcing the Kingdom." In that address he urged his hearers to reorganize for announcing the established kingdom, saying: "The organization that handled the Seventh Volume work* proved a wonderful success. Seven thousand of the friends were engaged in that special work. We are asking the classes everywhere to revive that organization and put it in proper form.. .. The door of opportunity is opening before you. Enter it quickly. Remember as you go forth in this work . . . you are an ambassador of the King of kings and Lord of lords, announcing to the people in this dignified manner the incoming of the Golden Age, the glorious kingdom of our Lord and Master, for which true Christians have hoped and prayed for many centuries." That these instructions for announcing God's kingdom might go to the ends of the earth to reach all the remnant, this convention address was published in the magazine The Watch Tower in its issue of September 15, 1919. Three years later in a


* The Seventh Volume work was the work of distributing by house-to-house calls the book entitled "The Finished Mystery" which was the seventh volume of the Studies in the Scriptures. It offered an explanation of the books of Revelation, Ezekiel and the Song of Solomon as then understood, and was published July 17, 1917 .
22, 23. (a) As foreshadowed in 537 B.C., how was encouragement to raise the Signal given in 1919 (A.D.) at a general convention? (b) How was exhortation to do so given at the convention in 1922?
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still larger international convention at the same place the same speaker, in demonstration of raising the Signal over the peoples, spoke on the Bible text, "The kingdom of heaven is at hand." (Matthew 4:17) In a grand climax he concluded this speech of September 8, 1922, saying:

23 "Do you believe that the Lord is now in his temple, judging the nations of earth? Do you believe that the King of glory has begun his reign? [To this the convention roared, Yes!] Then back to the field, O ye sons of the most high God! Gird on your armor! Be sober, be vigilant, be active, be brave. Be faithful and true witnesses for the Lord. Go forward in the fight until every vestige of Babylon lies desolate. Herald the message far and wide. The world must know that Jehovah is God and that Jesus Christ is King of kings and Lord of lords. This is the day of all days. Behold, the King reigns! You are his publicity agents. Therefore advertise, advertise, advertise, the King and his kingdom."*

24 In response to this ringing appeal the zealous members of the remnant joined in 'raising the Signal' as never before by more intensely advertising the King Jesus Christ and his kingdom. By this ever-expanding advertising work the royal Signal was made more prominent and more discernible to others who were yet in Babylon's world-wide prison and who needed to be gathered to the Signal as final members of the remnant. By 1932 there were about 30,000 of them assembled at the Signal. Although by then practically all the remnant of spiritual Israelites may have been de-


* See The Watch Tower of November 1, 1922, pages 332-337, for this convention discourse of September 8, 1922, by the then president, J. F. Rutherford.
24. How did the members of the remnant respond to this appeal, and what were all those afterward gathered obliged to do?
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livered from Babylon and gathered to antitypical Zion, they were still under the obligation to raise the Signal, that is, to advertise the Kingdom.

25 Jesus, in foretelling the evidence of the "time of the end" of this world, foretold this gathering of the remnant from all parts of the earth to God's kingdom after they spiritually discerned the King upon his heavenly throne. He said that, after the beginning of pangs of distress upon this world, "then the sign of the Son of man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will go to wailing and they will see the Son of man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And he will send forth his angels with a great trumpet-sound and they will gather his chosen ones together from the four winds, from one extremity of the heavens to their other extremity." (Matthew 24:30, 31, NW) They were to be gathered, not for mere idleness or self-enjoyment of security, but for a united Signal-raising, a united witness to all nations concerning the established Kingdom. The command of Jesus Christ that applied to this "time of the end" rested upon them as temple workers: "This good news of the kingdom will be preached in all the inhabited earth for the purpose of a witness to all the nations, and then the accomplished end will come." (Matthew 24:14, NW) They had to preach, advertise. They did so.

MODERN NETHINIM (TEMPLE SLAVES)

26 This gathering of Jehovah's remnant of chosen ones for a Kingdom witness to all the nations was what was prefigured by the releasing of the Jewish remnant from Babylon by King Cyrus' de-


25. How did Jesus foretell this gathering of the remnant, and for what purpose were they gathered?
26,27. Besides the remnant of Israel, who also are reported by Ezra and Nehemiah as leaving Babylon with Zerubbabel and Jeshua?
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cree and his authorizing them to return to Zion or Jerusalem and rebuild the temple of Jehovah, restoring the worship of the true God at its chosen center. But do not fail to note this: The remnant of 42,360 Israelites were not the only ones that left Babylon with governor Zerubbabel and high priest Jeshua to return and rebuild the temple at the holy city. There were thousands of non-Israelites who returned with them. Formerly they had dwelt with them in the land of Judah but were carried off into exile with them by the king of Babylon. Among these were the class called the Neth'i-nim, the name literally meaning "given ones." "And Judah itself was taken into exile at Babylon for their unfaithfulness. And the first inhabitants that were in their possession in their cities were the Israelites, the priests, the Levites and the Neth'i-nim [the given ones, LXX]." (1 Chronicles 9:1, 2, NW) Besides the Nethinim there were other non-Israelites, the slaves, the professional male and female singers and the descendants of the servants of King Solomon. In listing those who returned under King Cyrus' decree both Ezra and Nehemiah mention these non-Israelites.

27 "All the Neth'i-nim and the sons of the servants of Solomon were three hundred and ninety-two. The entire congregation as one group was forty-two thousand three hundred and sixty, apart from their men slaves and their slave girls, these being seven thousand three hundred and thirty-seven, and they had two hundred male singers and female singers. And the priests and the Levites and some of the people, and the singers and the gatekeepers and the Neth'i-nim took up dwelling in their cities, and all Israel in their cities. When the seventh month [in 537 B.C.] arrived the sons of Israel were in [their] cities." — Ezra 2:43, 55, 58, 64, 65, 70; 3:1; also 6:21, 22, NW.

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28 Years later, in 468 B.C., in the seventh year of Artaxerxes the king of Persia, he commissioned Ezra the priest to go to Jerusalem to beautify Jehovah's house there and to stimulate his worship and to instruct the people in Jehovah's law. The Record informs us: "Consequently some of the sons of Israel and of the priests and the Levites and the singers and the gatekeepers and the Neth'i-nim went up to Jerusalem in the seventh year of Artaxerxes the king." In his letter of commission to Ezra, King Artaxerxes showed respect for these Nethinim to the extent of freeing them from paying taxes: "As respects any of the priests and the Levites, the musicians, the doorkeepers, the Neth'i-nim, and the workers of this house of God, no tax, tribute or toll is allowed to be imposed upon them."

29 This was because of the Nethinim's part in carrying on the worship of the true God at his house upon which his name was called. In making this service visit to Jerusalem Ezra made certain that there were Nethinim in the group that accompanied him there, as he says: "Then I gave them a command concerning Id'do the head one in the place Ca-si-phi'a and I put in their mouth words to speak to Id'do [and] his brothers the Neth'i-nim in the place Ca-si-phi'a, to bring to us ministers for the house of our God. So they brought to us, according to the good hand of our God upon us, . . . from the Neth'i-nim, whom David and the princes gave to the service of the Levites, two hundred and twenty Neth'i-nim, all of whom had been designated by [their] names." — Ezra 7:7, 24; 8:17-20, NW.


28. Besides Israelites, who also came with Ezra to Jerusalem, and how did King Artaxerxes show respect for these?
29. Why was this respect shown? And whom did Ezra make certain to accompany him to Jerusalem?
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30 From this statement we see that the ancestors of these Nethinim had been given by David and the Israelite princes to the service of the Levites at the temple, evidently to do the work of drawing water and bringing in the wood. Such Nethinim doubtless included the Gibeonites, condemned Canaanites, who by a trick maneuvered judge Joshua and the princes of Israel into sparing them from destruction with all the rest of the Canaanites. Indignantly Joshua said to them: "Now you are cursed people [untouchables], and a slave's position and being gatherers of wood and drawers of water for the house of my God will never be cut off from you." So they became inseparably attached to Jehovah's house. "Accordingly Joshua constituted them on that day gatherers of wood and drawers of water for the assembly and for Jehovah's altar, down to this day, at the place that he should choose." (Joshua 9:22-27, NW) For this reason the Greek Septuagint Version (LXX) translates the title "Neth'i-nim" as "temple slaves" at Ezra 2:43, 58; 7:7, 24; 8:20.

31 These Nethinim supported the restored remnant of Israel both in their worship at the rebuilt temple and in their special national vow to Jehovah God. In the twentieth year of the same King Artaxerxes of Persia, Nehemiah was made governor of Judah and he went to Jerusalem and rebuilt its walls. After celebrating the joyful festival of booths in the seventh month Nehemiah and other prominent leaders of the Jewish remnant entered into a special trustworthy arrangement with Jehovah God in order to hold themselves true to him and to keep themselves separate from the pagan


30. Whom did those Nethinim doubtless include, and for what reason? So how does the Greek Septuagint sometimes translate their title?
31. Not only in temple worship, but in what else did the Nethinim support the restored remnant, and to whom were they inseparable adherents?
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peoples of surrounding lands. The Nethinim, as temple slaves of Jehovah, joined the rest of the remnant in backing up these majestic leaders of Israel in this arrangement. Of this it is written: "As for the rest of the people, the priests, the Levites, the gatekeepers, the singers, the Nethinim and everyone separating himself from the peoples of the lands to the law of The [true] God, their wives, their sons and their daughters, everyone having knowledge [and] understanding, they were adhering to their brothers, their majestic ones, and coming into [liability to] a curse and into an oath, to walk in the law of The [true] God, which had been given by the hand of Moses the servant of The [true] God, and to keep and to perform all the commandments of Jehovah our Lord and his judicial decisions and his regulations, and that we should not give our daughters to the peoples of the land and their daughters we should not take for our sons." (Nehemiah 9:38; 10:1, 9, 14, 28-30, NW) So down to the last mention of them in the Bible the Nethinim as well as descendants of the servants of Solomon were inseparable adherents to the remnant of the faithful Jews, Jehovah's ancient witnesses. — Nehemiah 11:3, 21, NW.

32 The Nethinim, the slaves, the singers and the sons of the servants of Solomon, all non-Israelites, left the land of captivity and returned with the Israelite remnant to Jerusalem to engage in Jehovah's restored worship there. So is it right to think that today people of different nationalities who are not spiritual Israelites would associate themselves with the remnant of spiritual Israel and promote the worship of Jehovah God with them? Yes; for both the prophecies bear that out and also the physical facts of this "time of the end" do. For at least twelve years, from 1919 to


32. From 1919 to 1931 who, especially, forsook the antitypical Babylon, and who thereafter assembled around the Signal that they raised?
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1931, the remnant's members were forsaking the antitypical Babylon of this world and coming over the prepared, stone-cleared highway to the free, theocratic organization of Jehovah and engaging in the restoration of Jehovah's worship as "living stones" of his spiritual temple. They assembled to the royal Signal on the heavenly Mount Zion, namely, God's kingdom as represented in his anointed, enthroned King, Jesus Christ. By obediently preaching the good news of the Kingdom set up A.D. 1914 to all the inhabited earth for a witness to all the nations, the assembled remnant raised the royal Signal over the peoples to the ends of the earth, that all might see it and receive a witness. Not all were converted at the sight of the Signal. Those, however, who yearned for a righteous, perfect government and for the pure worship of God at his true temple were gladdened by the Signal. They saw in it the hope of all mankind and the center of true worship. They acted on the witness that the remnant gave them. With their help and encouragement they left the state of Babylonish captivity and came to the Signal, the Kingdom, to assemble around it with the remnant.

33 At first thousands, then tens of thousands, from all the nations that got the witness began flocking to the Signal; just as it had been foretold: "To him [the Signal to the peoples] will the nations resort." (Isaiah 11:10, AT) They, too, joined in raising it ever higher as the only Government of promise and hope. In 1955 already more than half a million of them had registered for a part in witnessing to the Kingdom Signal. They united with the spiritual remnant in worshiping Jehovah alone as God, gratefully and willingly becoming "temple slaves" in support of the remnant of "living stones" of the spiritual temple. By this action


33. What did these latter ones join in doing, and thus what did they make themselves in an antitypical way?
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they made themselves or became modern-day, antitypical Nethinim, singers and sons of the servants of Solomon, loyally adhering to the remnant of spiritual Israelites. Jesus Christ, "the Son of David," as reigning King has given them to the remnant of his "royal priesthood" to be temple helpers. Thus they escape destruction.

THE SIGN OF JONAH TO MODERN NINEVITES

34 This corresponds with the fulfillment of another prophetic drama in this "time of the end" when destruction impends over Christendom and all the rest of the world. Nineteen centuries ago, at the beginning of the time of the end for Jerusalem and her temple, Jesus Christ preached the kingdom of God. His religious opponents asked of him a sign from heaven to prove that he was the Messiah, the Christ, the Son of David, and that by him as the royal representative the kingdom of God was in among them. Jesus did not show them any miraculous clouds from heaven to fulfill the prophecy of Daniel 7:13, 14, but simply said: "A wicked and adulterous generation keeps on seeking for a sign, but no sign will be given it except the sign of Jonah the prophet. For just as Jonah was in the belly of the huge fish three days and three nights, so the Son of man will be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights. Men of Nineveh will rise up in the judgment with this generation and will condemn it; because they repented at what Jonah preached, but, look! something more than Jonah is here." (Matthew 12: 38-41; 16:1-4, NW) That sign of Jonah and the Ninevites was carried out in the time of the end of ancient Jerusalem; it is being carried out in a final and full-scale way in the present "time of the end"


34. What sign did Jesus say would be given to a wicked and adulterous generation, and so when was and is the time for this sign to be carried out?
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of faithless Jerusalem's modern counterpart, Christendom.

35 The Ninevites were the inhabitants of Nineveh, the capital city of the second world power, Assyria. They were Gentiles, pagans, heathen, hence non-Israelites, and they were destined to afflict the Israelites greatly, threatening their destruction. On the other hand, Jonah was an Israelite and a prophet of Jehovah, and lived about the days of King Amaziah of Jerusalem. (2 Kings 14: 23-25) But for Jonah's prophesying, Assyria might not have become the second world power to oppress Jehovah's people. About 852 B.C., or seventy years before pagan Assyria began to make Israel feel its oppressive power, Jonah wrote the account of his experiences, detailing the sign. Jehovah commanded Jonah to leave the land of Israel and go to the Assyrian capital and prophesy against it. For imaginable reasons Jonah refused to do so. He went down to the Mediterranean seaport of Joppa and took a ship for Tarshish at the other end of the Mediterranean Sea, in what is now Spain. Jehovah miraculously raised a storm that threatened to wreck the ship. The sailors called on their false gods for rescue and threw overboard everything they could to lighten the ship. The ship's captain waked up the sleeping Jonah and asked him to cry also to his God.

36 Who was responsible for their dangerous state? The sailors superstitiously cast lots to find out. Jehovah guided the lot to fall upon his fugitive prophet. Under inquiry Jonah told them: "I am a Hebrew; and I fear Jehovah, the God of heaven, who hath made the sea and the dry land." Then the sailors became frightened when he explained


35. Who were the Ninevites, and in their days how did Jonah come to be in a storm at sea?
36. How was the one responsible for the storm found out, what action was taken, and what did those left In the ship do afterward?
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how he was running away from his witness work for Jehovah. Jonah told them they must get rid of the one responsible for the tempest by throwing him overboard. The sailors tried to avoid this by rowing hard to get to land, but Jehovah's stormy power was too much against them. At last in desperation they "cried unto Jehovah, and said, We beseech thee, O Jehovah, we beseech thee, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood; for thou, O Jehovah, hast done as it pleased thee. So they took up Jonah, and cast him forth into the sea; and the sea ceased from its raging. Then the men feared Jehovah exceedingly; and they offered a sacrifice unto Jehovah, and made vows." — Jonah 1:1-16, AS.

37 Certainly Jesus, in comparing himself with Jonah, was not referring to Jonah's running away and taking the ship for Tarshish in order to avoid being Jehovah's witness to the Ninevites. Jesus refused to be turned aside from bearing witness to the truth but went submissively ahead to his martyrdom for the sake of vindicating the universal sovereignty of his God and Father Jehovah. He was like Jonah in unselfishly offering his own human life in behalf of storm-tossed mankind that they might come to peaceful relations with Jehovah and worship Him as the great Peacemaker, the Calmer of the storm who brings them to their desired haven. — Psalm 107:23-31.

38 Jesus was also like Jonah in the experience that the prophet next had, for his plunge into the raging sea did not spell his destruction. "Now, the LORD [Jehovah] had assigned a great fish to swallow up Jonah; and Jonah was in the belly of the


37. Why was Jesus not likening himself to a runaway prophet, but how was he like Jonah in the storm-tossed ship?
38. How was Jesus like Jonah after this one was thrown overboard, and to whom did Jesus give the "sign of Jonah" directly? Why?
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fish three days and three nights. Then the LORD [Jehovah] commanded the fish, and it vomited Jonah forth upon the dry land." (Jonah 1:17; 2:10, AT) For parts of three days the fish's belly was like a grave to Jonah, and on the third day God miraculously brought him out onto the dry land. Likewise, Jesus was in She'ol, the common grave of mankind, for parts of three days, Nisan 14-16, A.D. 33, and on the third day Jehovah raised him up from the dead to life as a divine spirit in heaven.* The resurrected Jesus did not appear to the sign-seeking, "wicked and adulterous generation" of Jews to give them directly the sign of Jonah. By materializations in flesh and bones he appeared only to his faithful disciples and commissioned them to bear witness to the sign of the Greater Jonah that men might have full basis for putting faith in Jesus Christ as the one sent by God, as the one anointed with holy spirit to be the Messianic King of God's promised new world.

39 At the festival of Pentecost, the fiftieth day from Jesus' resurrection, Peter amidst 119 fellow witnesses testified to a Jewish audience: "This Jesus God resurrected, of which fact we are all witnesses." And when addressing the first non-Jewish converts in the house of the Italian centurion Cornelius, Peter said: "God raised this One up on the third day and granted him to become visible, not to all the people, but to witnesses appointed beforehand by God, to us, who ate and drank with him after his rising from the dead. Also he ordered us to preach to the people and to give a thorough witness that this is the One decreed by God to be judge of the living and the


* See the article "The Firstfruits of Resurrection" in The Watchtower, issue of March 15, 1944, pages 86-92, paragraphs 17-41.
39. Who then testified concerning the sign of Jonah, and how did some acknowledge the sign?
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dead. To him all the prophets bear witness, that every one putting faith in him gets forgiveness of sins through his name." (Acts 2:32; 10:40-43, NW) Only the honest-hearted, humble-minded among that "wicked and adulterous generation" in that time of the end acknowledged the sign, took it as convincing and put faith in Jesus Christ as God's anointed King.

40 Not Jesus, but his small band of disciples of the Jewish remnant were the ones that fled from their duty to God when Jesus was betrayed; they were scattered like the sheep of a smitten shepherd and they entered into a deathlike inactivity as in the night "when no man can work." But by his appearances in life on his resurrection day they were infused with new life, and from the day of Pentecost forward they became bold witnesses concerning the sign of Jonah to the "wicked and adulterous generation," which was now left without an excuse for further unbelief. (John 9:4; Matthew 26:31, 32) So his faithful disciples, anointed with the holy spirit on and after Pentecost, were the ones that carried forward the fulfillment of Jonah in bearing witness to the Ninevites after being in the fish's belly for parts of three days. In this way Jesus' interpretation of Jonah's experience was fulfilled: "This generation is a wicked generation; it looks for a sign. But no sign will be given it except the sign of Jonah. For just as Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites, in the same way will the Son of man be also to this generation." — Luke 11:29, 30, 32, NW.

41 When Jonah was swallowed by the huge fish


40. How did Jesus' disciples come into the night "when no man can work," but who afterward carried forward the fulfillment of Jonah in witnessing to the Ninevites?
41,42. (a) How was Jonah unlike the Englishman Bartlett in the stomach of the sperm whale? (b) Unlike Bartlett, how did Jonah come out, and what did he proceed to do?
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for safekeeping, he did not become like one James Bartlett, whose experience demonstrated the perfect possibility of Jonah's experience. On February 1, 1891, Bartlett's ship, the whaler "Star of the East," was off the Falkland Islands. When Bartlett and a companion put out in a boat from the whaler and harpooned a sperm whale, the struck whale flicked over the boat with its tail. The two men disappeared. Afterward, when the whale was being cut up and its stomach was hoisted onto the deck, a movement was detected in the huge stomach. Cutting it open, they found the Englishman Bartlett inside, unconscious. A dash of salt water revived him, but he was a raving maniac for two weeks after that. The third week he came back to normal, but his skin that had been acted on by the


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whale's stomach juices always stayed blanched like parchment.* Unlike Bartlett, the prophet Jonah retained his consciousness and prayed to Jehovah in his temple.

42 "Then Jonah prayed unto Jehovah his God out of the fish's belly. And he said, I called by reason of mine affliction unto Jehovah, and he answered me; out of the belly of She'ol [or, the grave common to mankind] cried I, and thou heardest my voice. . . . When my soul fainted within me, I remembered Jehovah; and my prayer came in unto thee, into thy holy temple.... I will pay that which I have vowed. Salvation is of Jehovah." Then, unlike Bartlett's experience on the same day, the third day "Jehovah spake unto the fish, and it vomited out Jonah upon the dry land." Jonah did not come out a raving maniac, but in appreciation of his miraculous deliverance he proceeded to pay his vow to Jehovah his Savior and went to Nineveh to act as Jehovah's witness there. — Jonah 2:1-10, AS.

43 Nineveh, capital of the rising world power of Assyria, was a "great city, in which there are more than a hundred and twenty thousand persons who do not know their right hand from their left, and also much cattle," and a walk through it required three days. (Jonah 4:11, RS) Jonah reached the city and went just one day's journey into it and began proclaiming: "Forty days more, and Nineveh shall be overthrown." Thus the Assyrian capital entered into a judgment time of forty days. In a way that shamed the hardhearted Israelites of Jonah's time and of Jesus and his apostles'


* Based on the account published in the Journal des Debats, by the French scientist M. de Parville, 1914. See Robert Ripley's book, Believe It or Not! volume 2 of 1950.
43. How did the Ninevites act toward Jonah's preaching, and what consideration did Jehovah show for their action?
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time, the Ninevites believed Jonah and showed sorrow. The king of Nineveh decreed that people and animals should go on a fast, wear sackcloth, call upon God, and each one turn from his evil way and from whatever violence he had in hand. It might be that Jonah's God would show mercy to the heathen out of consideration for their repentance and find it unnecessary to destroy the city at the end of forty days. This is what happened. To show he had no real pleasure in the death of the wicked but preferred rather that they repent and change their life according to God's will, "God relented of the evil which he had said he would do unto them, and he did it not." (Jonah 3:4,10, AT) The repentant Ninevites survived the time of judgment. Nineveh was not destroyed till over 200 years later. — Nahum, chapters 1 to 3.

44 Ancient Nineveh was part of heathendom and pictured those not considered Christian today. Ancient Israel laid claim to being the chosen people of Jehovah and pictured modern Christendom. Contrary to its Christian claims, Christendom is wicked in its disobedience to God and is adulterous in its unclean friendly connections with the political and commercial elements of this world. (James 4:4) Particularly since A.D. 1914 this "wicked and adulterous generation" has stubbornly closed its eyes to the Biblical and historical evidence of the presence of Jehovah's anointed King in the Kingdom. It has kept asking for a "sign" according to its own peculiar religious ideas, such as for Jesus Christ to appear visibly to all human eyes with a flesh body bearing the marks of crucifixion and riding on a cloud accompanied by hosts of visible angels. No such unreasonable, unscriptural sign of Christ's presence in


44. In contrast with antitypical Nineveh, how has Christendom been a wicked and adulterous generation asking for a sign, and, instead of their sign, what sign has been given her?
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his kingdom has been given them since 1914, but the modern-day fulfillment of the "sign of Jonah the prophet" has been given them. How?

45 During the world war that began A.D. 1914 Jehovah's remnant came short of their responsibilities to Jehovah to give a bold, uncompromising and sustained witness concerning the Kingdom and the approach of the "day of vengeance of our God." Because of their failure Jehovah God in his displeasure permitted them to be cast by the storm-tossed pilots and navigators of this world into the tempestuous sea of mankind. This looked like the end of the remnant, but Jehovah did not purpose matters that way. He let the delinquent remnant come under great restraint, under bans and restrictions in captivity to powers of this world, as in the belly of a huge fish. The remnant thought this meant She'ol, Ha'des or the common grave of mankind for them. In their captive state in antitypical Babylon they were like the valley of dry bones seen in Ezekiel's vision and like the corpses of God's witnesses lying in the broad street of spiritual Egypt seen in the revelation to the apostle John. (Ezekiel 37:1-14; Revelation 11:3-13) To Christendom and the antitypical Ninevites the remnant were as good as buried.

46 As though from inside the gravelike belly of a huge fish, the remnant prayed repentantly to A-do-nay' Jehovah, who had now come to his temple in the spring of 1918 accompanied by his Angel or Messenger of the covenant. Jehovah at his temple heard their prayer and took steps for their salvation. He cut short the days of tribulation upon Satan's world organization for the sake


45. How, after 1914, did Jehovah's remnant come to be as in the belly of a huge fish?
46. How were the remnant brought up out of this condition, what did they proceed to do, and how did Christendom act toward this God-given "sign of Jonah"?
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of this remnant of chosen ones. In the spring of 1919 he began bringing them up out of the fish's belly of captivity and back to the land of the living. They began to exercise their regained freedom and set themselves to pay their vow of obedience to Jehovah so as to carry out their commission of service from him, even if it meant going to all nations like the Ninevites. From 1919 on they began to raise up the glorious Kingdom Signal over all peoples by carrying out the prophetic command given in Matthew 24:14 and Mark 13:10. The "wicked and adulterous generation" of Christendom were startled at this recovery of Jehovah's remnant. Yet in their hard-heartedness they refused to believe this God-given "sign of Jonah" proving that God's kingdom had been set up in the heavens in 1914 and that the "time of the end" was upon this world. As with the Jews in the days of Christ's apostles, this generation will keep on in their willful disbelief until everlasting destruction comes upon antitypical Jerusalem and Judea, namely, Christendom, in the "war of the great day of God the Almighty."

47 Anciently Jonah's proclamation inside the Assyrian capital of Nineveh was a message of God's vengeance against the heathen or pagans. Today Jehovah's remnant are anointed and commissioned, not only to preach good tidings about God's established kingdom to the meek, brokenhearted, captive and imprisoned people, but also to "proclaim . . . the day of vengeance of our God." (Isaiah 61:1, 2, AS) At the proclamation of God's coming vengeance at Armageddon the modern-day Ninevites have repented and turned to Jehovah in hope that he will spare them. The religiously self-righteous leaders and supporters of Christen-


47. What is it that Jehovah's remnant have preached at which the modern-day Ninevites have taken action different from that of Christendom?
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dom have ignored the sign's meaning and rejected the preaching of the antitypical Jonah, and they hold fast to their unclean, adulterous relations with this doomed world.

48 Today the great mass of people outside Jehovah's remnant are not spiritual Israelites, and spiritually they do not know their right hand from their left. The self-righteous pretending Christians of Christendom look down upon them as the self-righteous Israelites of Jonah's day did upon the Ninevites. But just as forecast in the prophetic drama of Jonah, it has been the antitypical Ninevites in this "time of the end" upon heathendom who have taken the course that has called forth Jehovah's pity. They have accepted the "sign of Jonah." They have not called the Jonah class "calamity howlers" but have repented at the warning that this heathenish world (including Christendom) is in its "time of the end" and the righteous vengeance of Jehovah God will be poured out upon it at Armageddon. They have lifted their eyes in faith to the Signal of God's kingdom raised aloft by his remnant. They have turned from their worldliness and come to Mount Zion, assembling to God's kingdom and taking up his pure and undefiled worship there. They may draw comfort from the fact that destruction did not come upon the ancient Ninevites at the end of the forty-days' time limit, because God had accepted their repentance and change of course. Destruction finally came upon backsliding Nineveh, as it will come shortly upon this unreformed world. But those today who have repented at the preaching of the antitypical Jonah will be spared during the destruction at Armageddon and survive into God's new world.


48. How have the modern-day Ninevites called forth Jehovah's pity, and from what fact about ancient Nineveh may they draw comfort?


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